Scientific Papers

  1. Abd El-Halim, M. I. Nabiela M. El-Bagir and Sabahelkhier M. K. (2014) Hematological Values in Sheep Fed a Diet Containing Black Cumin (Nigella sativa)Seed Oil International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review 4(x): 128-140.
  2. Sporn A, Berner B, Brehm W, Winter K, Mageed M, Studt M., Gerlach K (2014). Improvement of Motion Correction during scintigraphic examination of the equine thoracic and lumbar spine in standing horses (German language). Pferdeheilkunde. 30, 91-97.
  3. Sporn A, Berner B, Brehm W, Winter K, Mageed M, Studt M., Gerlach K (2014). Quantitative Evaluation of Bone Scintigraphy of the Equine thoracic Spine at Different Times after administering 99mTc-HDP (Hydroxymethylene-diphosphonate). Vet Rec. In press. PMID:24578315
  4. Ahmed , F. O. and Elshiekh, A. S. (2014) Treatment of repeat breeding in dairy cows with Lugols Iodine. J. of Agri and Vet. Sc 7 (4): 22 – 26.
  5. Ali, T. M. and Ahmed, F. O.(2014). Hormonal superovulation response in Nubian goats. J. of Economic theory, 8 (3)(accepted).
  6. Mohamed Eltigani Salih and Osama Hassan Ahmed (2014). The role of Moringa Natural Antioxidants in Poultry Nutrion. The First National Moringa Conference “Moringa the family tree…come to know more about it”. Coral Hotel, Khartoum, Sudan. May, 21th 2014. (Sponsored by Faisal Isalamic bank (Sudan), Council of Moringa Research & Technology, Minstry of Science & Communications and United Nations Industrial Development Organization)

  7. Salim, B., Bakheit, A. M. & Sugimoto C. (2014). Molecular detection of Equine Trypanosomes in the Sudan. Veterinary Parasitology, 200:(3-4)246-50. Impact Factor: 2.611 (PMID 24439848)
  8. Salim, B., Bakheit, M.A. and Sugimoto C. (2014). Demographic profiles and genetic variation among the only African indigenous dairy zebu breeds: the Butana and Kenana of the Sudan. Proceeding of the 5th Annual Conference of Postgraduate Studies and Scientific Research. University of Khartoum. February 24-27, 2014. (Accepted)
  9. Salim, B., Hanotte O., M. Mwacharo J.M. (2014). Mini-Review: A novel and high throughput methods for detection and identification of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. Proceeding of the 5th Annual Conference of Postgraduate Studies and Scientific Research. University of Khartoum. February 24-27, 2014. (Accepted)
  10.  Elshiekh E M H, O H A Ali and K A Abdoun (2014). Effect of restricted feeding on physiological performance in male Nubian goat kids. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 4(9) 479- 483

  1. Marwa,A.M.Babiker and A.A.M.Taha (2013).  Histology of the myocardial bridges and related arteries of the dromedary camel (Camelus dromedaries).  The Scientific Conference of Camel Research and Production, 17-18 April,2013, Khartoum, Sudan.

  2. Mohamed, A.M.A,  Taha, A.A.M. and Ali, A.M.(2013)  Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Mucosa of the Large Intestine of the Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). Journal of Camel Practice and Research Vol 20 No 2, p 187-189.

  3. Samia M. A. El Badwi, Nabiela M. El Bagir and Ahmed E. Amin (2013). Protective Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Tamarindus indica Against CCl4 Induced Liver. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences,. 7(2): 813-818.

  4. Elbagir M. Nabiela, Hind A. A. Elagib, S. A. Abbas, And T.A.N. Ginawi (2013). Effect Of Cinnamon And Ginger Compared To Doxystin (Antimicrobial Drug) On Serum Lipid Profile In Broiler Chicks. Online Journal Of Animal And Feed Research Volume 3, Issue 1: 58-61. Issn 2228-7701

  5. Mageed M, Berner D, Jülke H, Hohaus C, Brehm W, Gerlach K. (2013) Morphometrical dimensions of the sheep thoracolumbar vertebrae as seen on digitised CT images. Lab Anim Res;29(3):138-147. PMID:24106508

  6. Mageed M, Berner D, Jülke H, Hohaus C, Brehm W, Gerlach K (2013). Is sheep lumbar spine a suitable alternative model for human spinal researches? Lab Anim Res;29(4):13-3189. PMID:24396382

  7. Mageed M., Ionita J-C, Ludewig E, Brehm W, Gerlach K. (2013). Measurements of thoracolumbar spinal cord in sheep: computed tomographic study. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 52:5, 643

  8. Ahmed F.O. and Elsheikh A. S. (2013). Uterine bacterial infection during postpartum delays recrudescence of reproductive traits in dairy cow.The journal of American sc. 9 (6): 593 – 598.

  9. Ahmed F. O. and Elsheikh A. s (2013),Inta-uterine infusion of Lugols iodine improves reproductive traits of postpartum infected dairy cows. J. of Agriculture and Veterinary science. 5 (2): 89 – 9

  10. Ahmed F.O.,Elshiekh A. S. and Humada A. A. (2013). Current therapy of repeat breeding in cross-bred dairy cows with diluted Povidone iodine. University of Khartoum J. of Vet. Med. And Anim. Prod,4 (2): 60 – 69

  11.   Abdelatif, A. M. , Ibrahim , M. Y. and Elnageeb , M. A.  (2013) . Evaluation of effects of milk lipid (ghee) supplementation and thermal environment on the metabolic profile of alloxan-diabetic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)  .  J. Biol. Sci. ,  13(4) :196-206 .

  12. Elnageeb, M. A. and Abdelatif , A. M.  (2013) . Growth , thermoregulation, and haematological responses of lambs in relation to age and maternal nutrition .  J. Biol. Sci., 13(5) : 323-331 .

  13. Abdelatif , A. M. , Alsayed , S. A. and Hassan , Y. M.  (2013) . Effects  of uninephrectomy  on morphological and histological measurements of  the remnant kidney in a goat(Capra hircus) model . J. Physiol.  Pharmacol. Advances , 3(3) : 94- 101 .

  14. Mohamed, S. S.  and Abdelatif , A. M. (2013) . Effects of seasonal changes and shearing on thermoregulation , blood constituents and semen characteristics of desert rams (Ovis aries) . Pak.  J. Biol. Sci. , 16(24)  :1884-1893.

  15. Huwaida E.E.Malik.; Ali, O. H. A.; Mohamed, E. A. A.; and Yousif, I. A. (2013). Effect of season and dietary protein level on immune response of three exotic broiler strains in Sudan.
    Online J. Anim. Feed Res. 3 (1): 31-35.

  16. Osama. H. A. Ali, Huwaida E.E. Malik (2013). Effect of Surgical Removal of the Residual Yolk Sac on the Development of the Digestive System and Immune Response in Broiler Chicks during Early Days Post-hatch. Online J. Anim. Feed Res. 3 (4): 181-185.

  17. Abdelnasir Mohmmed Ahmed Fadel Elseed, Tongun Danil, Balgees AbuElgaim Atta Elmanan and Osama Hassan Ali (2013). Effects of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) Seeds Saponin on Digestibility, N-Retention, Hematological parameters and blood Metabolites in Rabbits World’s Vet. J. 3(4): 65-73, 2013

  18.  Samia M. A. El Badwi, Nabiela M. El Bagir and Ahmed E. Amin.(2013) Protective Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Tamarindus indica Against CCl4 Induced Liver Damage in Rats. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 7 (2): 813-818

  19.  Maha Y. Abdelrahim, Babiker M. A. Elamin, Dalia J. Khalil and Samia M. A. El Badwi. (2013) .Antidiarrhoeal Activity Of Ethanolic Extract Of Adansonia Digitata Fruit Pulp In Rats. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Advances. 3(6): 172- 178.

  1. Marwa,A.M.Babiker and A.A.M.Taha (2012).  Myocardial Bridges of The Heart Of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius)  Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development.  29th January – February, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

  2. Hind AA Elagib*, ElBagir M. Nabiela, SA Abbass and Ginawi TAN. (2012) Effect of Natural Spices on Plasma Proteins in Broiler Chicks.

  3. Amna H. Mukhtar, Nabiela M. Elbagir and Abdulrahim A. Gubara ( 2012.) Sex Hormones Levels as Influenced by Cannabis sativa in Rats and Men. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11 (5): 419-422

  4. M.E.S. Khogali, M.A.D. Abdalla and N. M. Elbagir (2012) Effects of Camel Urine on Serum Testosterone Level in Male Rats of Different Testosterone Levels

  5. Samia M. A. El Badawi ; Nabiela M. El Bagir and Ahmed E. Amin .Protective Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Tamarindus indica Against CCl4 Induced Liver Damage in Rats. 12th International congress of Ethnopharmacology –ISE 2012

  6. Darien, Kh. Ali, Hayfa M. I, Elamin, A. A. (2012), Status of food safety research in Sudan with special reference to milk and meat hygiene, Agricultural symposium, China- Sudan collaboration, Yangzhou university, China ( 6th November).

  7.   Ibrahim, M. Y. and Abdelatif , A. M.  (2012)  . Alterations in thermoregulation and  haematological indices in alloxan-diabetic rabbits (Lepus cuniculus)  in relation to dietary starch and season . Global Veterinaria ,  9(2) : 160-170 .42.

  8. Amin, A. S. A. , Abdoun , K. A. And Abdelatif , A. M.  (2012). Erythrocyte osmotic fragility curve of male and female camels (Camelus dromedarius) . Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development . Sultan Oaboos University , Muscat , Oman .43.              

  9. Abdelatif , A. M. , Ibrahim, M. Y. And Saeed , A. M. (2012) .  Antidiabetic effects of fenugreek (Trigonella  foenum graecum ) in the domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) . Res.  J.   Med. Plant , 6 (6) : 449-455 .44.              

  10. Abdelatif , A. M. and Alameen , A. O. (2012) . Influence of season and pregnancy on thermal and haemotological responses of crossbred dairy cows in a tropical environment . Global Veterinaria , 9 (3) : 334- 340 .45.             

  11. Alameen, A. O. and Abdelatif , A. M. (2012) . Metabolic and endocrine responses of crossbred dairy cows in relation to pregnancy and season under tropical conditions . American-Euras.  J. Agric.  Environ. Sci., 12 (8) : 1065- 1074 .46.              

  12. Abdelatif , A. M. and Abdalla , S. E. (2012) . Effects of epinephrine   challenge  and splenectomy on  physiological  responses in  goats (Capra hircus).  J.  Vet.  Adv.  ,  2 (10) : 514- 523 .47.

  13. Mohamed , S. S. , Abdelatif , A. M. and Adam , A. A. (2012) . Effects of exposure to solar radiation on thermoregulation and semen characteristics of Sudanese desert rams . Global Veterinaria , 9 (4) : 502-507 .48.             

  14. Mohamed , S. S. and Abdelatif , A. M. (2012) .Effects of Exposure to Solar Radiation on Thermoregulation and Semen Characteristics of Sudanese Desert Rams (Ovis aries) Middle East J. Sci.  Research , 12(5) : 608- 612 .

  15. Abdalla, E.O. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (2012). Microbiological quality assessment of Sudanese coastal sea. waters with special reference to Port Sudan area. J. Vet. Med. & Anim. Prod. 3 (1): 87-97.
  16. Abdalla, E. O. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (2012). Isolation of potentially pathogenic bacteria from the internal Sudanese coastal waters of Port Sudan. J. Vet. Med. & Anim. Prod. 3(1): 98-106.
  17. Suleiman, E.A., Shigidi, M.T.A. and Hassan, S.M. (2013). Metarhizium anisopoliae as a biological control agent against Hyatomma anatolicum (Acari: loxdidae). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10:1-7
  18. Suleiman, E.A., Shigidi, M.T.A. and Hassan, S.M. (2013). Activity of Scopulariopsis brevicaulis on Hyalomma anatolicum and Amblyomma lepidum (Acari: Ioxdidae). J. Med. Sci. 9(27): 1-9.
  19. Abdel Wahab, M.B. and Shigidi, M.T.A. Caseous lymphadenitis among sheep and goats in south Darfur State, West Sudan. Sud. J. Vet. Res. (accepted).
  20. Mohamed E. A. A.; Ali O. H. A.; Huwaida E.E.Malik.; and Yousif I. A. (2012). Effect of Season and dietary protein level on some haematological parameters and blood biochemical composition of three broiler strains. Int. J. Poult. Sc. 11 (12): 787-793.

  21. Osama. H. A. Ali, Huwaida E.E. Malik Abubakr A. K. Abumedian and Barri M. N. Hamid. (2012). Mortality rates following Deutectomy in anaesthetized and non- anaesthetized day old chicks.

  22. Rodriguez-Rodríguez-Valle M, Taoufik A, Valdés M, Montero C, Ibrahin H, Hassan S. M, Jongejan F, de la Fuente J. (2012). Efficacy of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Bm86 against Hyalomma dromedarii and Amblyomma cajennense tick infestations in camels and cattle. Vaccine. 30: 3453 – 3458.
  23. Elhussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M. and Salih, D. A. (2012). Current situation of tropical theileriosis in the Sudan. Parasitology Research, 111(2): 503 – 508.
  24. ElGhali, A. and Hassan, S. M. (2012). Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Northern Sudan. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 79(1):
  25. Hayat M. Farah1, Tigani H. El Amin, Hassan S. Khalid, Shawgi M. Hassan and Abdel Rahim M. El Hussein. (2012). In vitro activity of the aqueous extract of Gardenia ternifolia fruits against Theileria lestoquardi. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(41): 5447-5451, 25 October, 2012.
  26. Musa. E.M , EL Badwi. S.M ., Jah Elnabi. M.A, Osman. E. A, Dahab. M. M. (2012) Hepatoprotective and toxicity assessment of Cannabis sativa seed oil in Albino rat. International Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Sciences (1).69-76

  27. S. M. A. El Badwi, A.O. Bakhiet, A. B. Medani, and Z.Y. Shamseldin.(2012). Influence of Phenobarbital Pretreatment on Toxicity of Calotropis procera Latex in Nubian Goats. Research Journal of Veterinary sciences,5(1), 25-31

  28. El Badwi S. M. A. and Bakhiet A. O.(2012). Chemotherapeutic and economic potentials of some laticiferous plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research .6(17) 3278-3281.

  29. Ibrahim B. Elkhidir, Ahmed I. Yagi, Samia M.A. El Badwi and Sakina M. Yagi.(2012). Toxicity of Aqueous Extract of Senna alexandrina Miller Pods on Newzealand Rabbits. European Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2(3): 252-261.

  30. S.M.A. El badwi, A.O. Bakhiet and E.H.Abdel Gadir.(2012. Heamato-biochemical Effect of Aqueous Extract of khaya senegalensis Stem bark on Gentamicin –Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats. Journal of Biological Sciences .12 (6) 361-366.

  1. Ibrahim, M.Y  and  Abdelatif , A.M . (2011). Effect  of  alloxan-induced diabetes  mellitus on blood metabolites and serum minerals and hormones in rabbits (Lepus cuniculus) in relation to starch supplementation and season .  Advances   Biol.  Research ,  5 (1) : 45 – 58 .

  2. Amin, A. S. , Abdoun , K. A. and Abdelatif ,  A. M. (2011). Observations on the seasonal  browsing  and grazing behaviour of camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Southern  Darfur – Sudan .  Res.   Opin.  Anim.  Vet.  Sci.  , 1 (4) : 213-216 .

  3. Ali O, Rabbani I, Martens H, Deiner C. (2011). Transport of acetate and sodium in sheep omasum: mutual, but asymmetric interactions.  J Comp Physiol B (2006) 176: 477–487
    DOI 10.1007/s00360-006-0069-8

  4. Huwaida E.E. Malik, O. H. A. Ali, H.M.Elhadi and E. A. Elzubeir. (2011). Residual yolk utilization in fast and slow-growing chicks, subjected to feed and water deprivation. Asian J. of Biol. Sci .4 (1): 90-95

  5. 5.Osama H. A. Ali, Huwaida E.E. Malik, and Hashim M. Elhadi (2011).Changes in the concentrations of liver total lipids, serum total lipids and serum cholesterol during early days post hatch in broilerchicks .Asian J. of Poult. Sci. 5 (1): 51-55

  6. Kamau J, Salim B, Yokoyama N, Kinyanjui P, Sugimoto C. (2011). Rapid discrimination and quantification of Theileria orientalis types using ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers. Infection Genetics and Evolution, 11(2), 407-14. Impact Factor: 3.039 (35%) (PMID 21145431)

  7. Kamau J, de Vos AJ, Playford M, Salim B, Kinyanjui P, Sugimoto C: Emergence of new types of Theileria orientalis in Australian cattle and possible cause of theileriosis outbreaks. Parasite Vectors 2011, 4:22. Impact Factor: 3.25 (15%) (PMID 21338493)

  8. Salim, B., Bakheit, M. A., Sir Elkatim, S., Kamau, J., Nakamura, I., Kakao, R. & Sugimoto C. (2011). An Outbreak of Bovine Trypanosomiasis in the Blue Nile State, Sudan. Parasite Vectors, 4: 74. Impact Factor: 3.25 (PMID 21569459)

  9. Salim, B., de Meeûs, T., Bakheit, A. M., Kamau, J., Nakamura, I. & Sugimoto C. (2011). Population genetics of Trypanosoma evansi from Camel in the Sudan. P L o S Neglected and Tropical Diseases, 5(6), e1196.Impact Factor 4.57 (PMID 21666799)

  10. Abdoun, K.,  Alameen, A.O., Elmagbol, W., Makkawi, T. and Al-Hidary, A. (2011). Assessment of nutritional status in feed deprived one humped  camels.Journal of Camel Practice Research. Volume 18(2):209-212.

  11. A. E. Ure, A. K. Elfadl, A. I. Khalafalla, A. A. R. Gameel, J. Dillner and O. Forslund (2011). Characterization of the complete genomes of Camelus dromedarius papillomavirus types 1 and 2. J Gen Virology, 92, 1769-1777.

  12. A.K. Elfadl, K. Jäger, H.-A. Schoon, A.A. Gameel. Epidemiological, Histopathological, Immunohistochemical & Ultrastructural Findings of Dromedary Camel Papillomatosis (in revision).

  13. Hassan, S. M. (2011). Ticks spreading to new areas in the Sudan. DFG German – African Cooperation Project in Infectiology. First workshop on Diagnostic Tools, Nov 13th – Nov 17th , 2011, Khartoum, Sudan.

  14.  Medani A. B., El Badwi S. M. A. and Amin A. E. Toxicity of Aluminum sulphate (alum) to Nubian goats. (2011). Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences. 3(7). 198-203. Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/JTEHSISSN 2006-9820 ©2011 Academic Journals26-R. A.

  15. M. Elhag, S. M. A. El Badwi, A. O. Bakhiet and M. Galal. Hepatoprotective activity of Solanum nigrum extracts on chemically induced liver damage in rats.(2011). Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 3(4), 45–5027

  16. Musa E.M, EL Badwi S.M, Jah Elnabi M.A, Osman E. A, Dahab M. M. Anti-inflammatory Activity of the Plant Cannabis sativa (L) Petrolium Ether Extract in Albino Rats. (2011) Research in Pharmacy 1(3) : 18-2528-

  17. S.A.M. Ali, S. M. A. El Badwi, T. M. Idris and K .M. Osman (2011). Hepatoprotective activity of aqueous extract of Khaya senegalensis bark in rats. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research. 5 (24), 5863-5866.

  1. Bakheit A. Yagoub, Ahmed E. Amin, Nabiela M. El Bagir, Ahmed Alhaidary, Hasab E. Mohamed and Anton C. Beynen (2010). Egg Yield and Quality in Laying Hens Fed Diets Containing Black Cumin Seed and/or White Wormwood Leaves. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances Volume: 9 , 2600-2603 . 

  2.   Nabiela M. El Bagir, Rania T.H. El Amin, Ahmed Alhaidary, Hasab E. Mohamed and Anton C. Beynen (2010). Serum Protein Levels and Hematological Values in Rats Fed a Diet Containing Black   Cumin Seed . Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances Volume: 9 , 2604-2607

  3. Nabiela M. El Bagir ,Imtithal T.O. Farah , Ahmed Alhaidary , Hasab E. Mohamed and Anton C. Beynen ( 2010). Clinical laboratory serum values in rabbits fed diets containing black cumin seed. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances Volume 9 Issue 19, 2532-2536

  4. Ahmed, D. A. Shigidi, M.T. and Elsir, N (2010). Study of level and points of contamination during rendering of poultry by product. J. Sci. &Tech. 11 (3): 1-4.
  5. Ibrahim M. Madani, El amin Ammar M., Mahmoud Niamat O., 4, El Sanosi Mai M., EL Bagir Nabiela M. 2010 . Effects of subclinical hypothyroidism on important serum lipids values of Sudanese women .Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine, VOL.5.NO.7.2010. 

  6. Nabiela M. El Bagir, Imtithal T.O. Farah, Safia M.B. Elhag, Ahmed Alhaidary,Hasab E. Mohamed and Anton C. Beynen (2010 ) Immune Response and Pasteurella Resistance in Rabbits Fed Diets Containing Various Amounts of Black Cumin Seeds. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences 5 (2): 166-170

  7. N. A. Ahmed, M. E. Osman, and Tahani S. Shatir ” Women in Medical Physics in Sudan”, AIP Submitted (Team leader).

  8.  N. Behairy, Tahani Salah and M. Abdelaziz “Gender in Science” TWOWS Proceedings, 449, 2010  .

  9.  Takahiro Hiroi, Peter M. Jenniskens, Janice L. Bishop, Tahani S. M. Shatir, and Ayman M. Kudoda. Bidirectional Visible-NIR and Biconical FT-IR Reflectance Spectra of Almahata Sitta Meteorite Samples, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 1–10, 2010.

  10.  Eisa , E. I. and D. I. osman 2010. Morphology of the faetal membranes of the dromedary camel (camelus dromedarius) 1:gross anatomy. U of K. VET.MED.

  11.    Abdelatif , A. M. , Alsayed , S. A. and  Hassan , Y. M. (2010) . Effect of state of hydration on body weight, blood constituents and urine excretion in Nubian goats (Capra  hircus) .  World  J.   Agric. Sci. , 6(2) : 178-188 .
  12. Elnageeb , M. A. and  Abdelatif , A. M. (2010) . The mineral profile in Desert ewes (Ovis aries) : Effects of pregnancy ,  lactation and dietary supplementation. American – Eurasian J . Agric. Environ. Sci . , 7(1) : 18-
  13. Mohamed, S.  S. and Abdelatif , A. M. (2010). Effects of level of feeding and season on thermoregulation and semen characteristics in  Desert  rams. Global Veterinaria , 4(3) : 207-215 .
  14. Abdalla, S.  E. and Abdelatif  , A. M. (2010). Physiological responses  of goats (Capra  hircus) to haemorrhage as influenced by splenectomy . American -Eurasian  J.  Sci.  Research  ,  5 (2) :  76-87
  15. Alameen, A. O. and  Abdelatif, A. M. (2010)  . Thermal , haematological and endocrine responses of crossbred dairy  cows as   influenced by pregnancy and season.. University of Khartoum : Graduate Studies and Scientific Research . Friendship  Hall : 27/2- 1/3 -  2010 .
  16. Shigidi, M. T, (2010). Brucellosis in Sudan. Graduate studies and scientific research conference 21/2-2/3/2010, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
  17. Abdoun, K.,  Alameen, A.O., Elmagbol, W., Makkawi, T. and Al-Hidary, A. (2010). Effect of dehydration and rehydration on serum and forstomach osmolality, Na+ and K+ concentrationin  Camelus dromedaries. Online Journal of Veterinary Research. Volume 11 (2): 143-154.
  18. Gomes, F. C.; Ali, N. O.; Brown, E.; Walker, R. G.; Grant, K. M.; Mottram, J. C. (2010):  Leishmania mexicana cyclin-dependent kinase complex CRK3:CYCA is active in the absence of T-loop phosphorylation. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 171(2):89-96.
  19. Ali, N. O. M.; Ibrahim, M. E.; Grant, K. M.; & Mottram, J. C. (2010).  Molecular cloning, characterization and overexpression of a novel cyclin from Leishmania mexicana mexicana. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (Accepted
  20. Ali, N. O. M.; Ibrahim, M. E.; Mukhtar, M. M.; Abdalla, H. S.; El-Hassan, A. M. & Mottram, J. C. (2010).  Isolation and characterization of a cdc2-related protein kinase 3 (CRK3) from a Sudanese strain of Leishmania  donovani donovani. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research (Submitted).
  21. Nahla O. M. Ali Hamid I. M. N. Croof; and Hamid S. Abdalla;. (2010a). Molecular Diagnosis of Trypanosoma evansi Infection in Dromedary Camels from Eastern and Western regions of the Sudan. Journal of Parasitology & Vector Biology (Submitted).
  22. Ali, N. O. M.; Ibrahim, M. E; Grant, K. M.; & Mottram, J. C. (2010). Leishmaniamexicana: Expression; characterization & activity assessment of E. coli-expressed recombinant CRK3. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences (Submitted).
  23. Nahla O. M. Ali Hamid I. M. N. Croof; and Hamid S. Abdalla.  (2010b). Assessment of Trypanosoma evansi Infection in Camels herd from Gedariff and Kordofan states. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research (Submitted).
  24. Ali, N. O. M.; Grant, K. M.; Mottram, J. C. (2010). Expression, Purification, and Biochemical Characterization of a Recombinant Protein Kinase CRK1 of Leishmania mexicana. Albuhuth (submitted).
  25. Ali, N. O. M.; Ibrahim, M. E.; Grant, K. M.; & Mottram, J. C. (2010). Growth Inhibition of Leishmania mexicana mexicana by Flavopiridol is stage-specific and macrophage independent (In preparation
  26. Osman, K.M., Hassan, T., El Sanousi, S.M., Ibrahim, K.E.E. 2010. Comparative efficacy of two different formulations of oxytetracycline commonly used in the veterinary filed in the Sudan and their economic impact. In proceedings of the 10th scientific vet.med. conference , faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University.
  27. Ali Siddig M., Elmalik, Khitma H. and Shawgi M. H. (2010). Seasonal population changes of Amblyomma lepidum (Acari: Ixodidae) under field conditions in Damazin, Blue Nile State, Sudan. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa. 58: 303 – 307.
  28. El Ghali, A. and Hassan, S. M. (2010). Drop-off rhythms and survival periods of Hyalomma dromedarii (Acari: Ixodidae) fed on camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Sudan. Veterinary Parasitology. 170(3/4): 302–306. PMID 20347226.
  29. El Ghali, A. and Hassan, S. M. (2010). Life cycle of the camel tick Hyalomma dromedarii (Acari: Ixodidae) under field conditions in Northern Sudan. Veterinary Parasitology. 174(3/4): 305 – 312. PMID 20850935.
  30. Mohammed, M. S. and Hassan, S. M.; Abdel Rahman, M. B.; Shamat, A. M. and Gameel, A. A. (2010). Clinico-pathological changes in sheep experimentally infected with Ehrlichia ruminantium (Cowdria) (Um Biaga Isolate), Blue Nile, Sudan. University of Khartoum Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Production. 1(1): 129 – 144.
  31. Mohammed, Mohammed, S.; Hassan, Shawgi M. and Abdel Rahman, Magdi B. (2010). Serosurveillance of Ehrlichia ruminantium antibodies of sheep using MAP1-B ELISA in Sennar State, Sudan. University of Khartoum Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Production. 1(1): 119 – 128.
  32. Abdalla, Mekki M. and Hassan, Shawgi M. (2010). Current status of distribution and population dynamics of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting cattle in South Darfur State, Sudan. University of Khartoum Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Production. 1(2): 76 – 97.
  33. ElGhali, A. and Hassan, S. M. (2010). Horizontal Dispersal and Climbing behaviour of the camel tick Hyalomma dromedarii (Acari: Ixodidae) in desert ecosystem of Northern Sudan. University of Khartoum Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Production. 1(2): 64 – 75.
  34. Hassan, Shawgi M. (2010). Medicinal, insecticidal and toxic plants in the Sudan, MSc and PhD theses presented to the Graduate College, University of Khartoum, (1966 – 2009). First Edition. Publisher the Graduate College, University of Khartoum. 287 pp.
    In Preparation
  35. Mursal,W.I and Saad ,.A.M.(2010)  Aflatoxicosis in broilers in Khartoum State.Uof K. J.of Vet Med and Anim

    Prod 1(2)3-14.

  36. Abdel Gabbar .M.A and Saad, .A.M(2010). Experimentally induced Chronic aflatoxicosis in laying chicks. Uof K. J.of Vet Med and Anim Prod 1(2)15-33.

  37. Riham W. Salim, Khairalla M.S. Khairalla, Awadalkareem A. Eljamal, Abdelrahim E. Karrar and I. E. Aradaib (2010), A single Tube RT-PCR Amplification for Detection of Rift Valley Fever Virus, Research Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 4(3),146-151.

  38. Mawahib Seddeag, Gadallah Madawe, S.M.A. El Badwi and A.O. Bakhiet. The Effect of Dietary Alpinia officinarum (Hance) Supplementation in Bovns-type Chicks. (2010) .International Journal of Poultry Science 9 (5): 499-502,24.

  39. S. M. A. El Badwi and A. O. Bakhiet. Toxicity of Calotropis procera latex in pregnant and non-pregnant goats. (2010) Scientific Research and Essays . 5(17),. 2404-2408. Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/SRE . ISSN 1992-2248 ©2010 Academic Journals.

  40. Sumaia, A. A. HASSAN, T. Mohamed and A. A. Gameel (2010).Hepatoprotective Activity of Capparis decidua Aqueous and Methanolic Stems Extracts Against Carbon Tetrachloride Induced Liver Histological Damage in Rats. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology. vol 5 (4) : 337 – 344.

  41. Youssif, F. M., Mohammed, D. S. A. Gameel , A. A. and HASSAN. T. (2010) . Efficacy and toxicity of homidium bromide (ethidium)in goats infected with T.vivax . Small Ruminant Research (89) . 36 – 41.

  42. Osman, K. M. HASSAN. T. , Elsanousi, S. M. and Ibrahim, K. E. E. (2010) Comparative efficacy of two different formulations of oxytetracycline commonly used in the veterinary field in Sudanand their Economic Impact 10th sci . Vet. Med. Zag – Conference. 460 – 475.

  43. Youssif, F. M. , Elmalik, K. H., and HASSAN, T. (2010).Pre-and post-chemotherapy clinco-pathological changes ofT.evensi experimental infection in Nubian goats. Sud.J.Vet.Anim.Husb.Vol.48(1&2) .37-47.

  44. Hisham I. Seri, Hassan Y. Naim and TIGANI HASSAN (2010).A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with evaporative light scattering detector for quantification of major phospholipids classes of donkey serum.VETERINARSKI ARHIV. 80(3), 365-373

  45. Hisham Ismail Seri, Hassan Youssef Naim, Tigani Hassan(2010).Seasonal variation in some blood serum biochemical metabolites of Donkeys in Sudan.14 Sci.Cong., Fac.Vet.Med.,Assiut Univ., Egypt.217-226.

  46. Youssif, F. M. , Elmalik, K. H.,Mohammed R.A. and Hassan T. (2010). Histopathological studies on T.evensi experimentally infected and trated Nubian goats. Sud. J. Sc. Anim.Husb.Vol.48 (1&2). 57-71.

  1. Darien, Kh. Ali. (2009), Post- mortem causes of condemnations of meat in a slaughterhouse in Khartoum state- Sudan. (M. Sc. Thesis) Depart. Of Vet.  Prev. Med. public health, Faculty of veterinary medicine. U of K.

  2. محمد طه شقدي: إستراتيجية البحث العلمي في مؤسسات التعليم العالي.  المجلس القومي للتعليم العالي ، دورة الإنعقاد التاسعة يونيو 2009 الخرطوم.

  3. .محمد طه شقدي: قضايا البحث العلمي والدراسات العليا في مؤسسات التعليم العالي – مؤتمر ضمان الجودة والإعتماد الأكاديمي للتعليم العالي بالسودان. أغسطس 2009 الخرطوم.

  4. محمد طه شقدي (2009) واقع الدراسات العليا في الجامعات السودانية-المجلس القومي للتعليم العالي والبحث العلمي. دورة الإنعقاد العشرون ديسمبر 2009 الخرطوم

  5. Abdelatif , A. M. and Abdalla, Selma, E. (2009): Physiological responses of goats (Capra hircus) to haemorrhage as influenced  by age .  Global Veterinaria , 3(2) : 151-164.

  6. Abdelatif , A. M., Elnageeb, M. E., Makawi, S. A. And  Fadlalla, A. M. (2009). Blood constituents in cycling , gestating and lactating desert ewes in relation to dietary supplementation . Global Veterinaria  , 3(3) : 248-259.

  7. Abdalla, S. A. and Abdelatif  , A. M. (2009) . Effects of  splenectomy  on blood constituents of goats . Global Veterinaria  ,  3(4) : 308-316.

  8. Abdelatif , A. M. and Saeed, I. H. (2009) . Effects of  altered thyroid status in the domestic rabbit (Lepus cuniculus) on thermoregulation , heart rate  and immune responses . Global Veterinaria , 3(6) : 447-456.

  9. Abdelatif , A. M. and Elkhair , N. M. (2009) . Effects of seasonal change in the thermal environment on physiological responses of unsexed  broilers to dietary supplementation of antithyroid drug carbimazole  . Middle-East J.  Sci.  Research, 4 (2) : 122-126.

  10. Abdelatif , A. M. , Ibrahim, M. Y. and Hassan, Y. M. (2009). Seasonal variation in erythrocytic and  leukocytic indices and serum  proteins of female Nubian goats . Middle-East  J.  Sci. Research , 4(3) : 168-174.

  11. Saeed, I. H. and Abdelatif, A. M. (2009)  . Effects of exogenous L-thyroxine on thermoregulation, heart rate and blood constituents in rabbits (Lepus cuniculus) during tropical winter . Middle-East J. Sci.  Research , 4(3) : 216-230 .

  12. Abdelatif , A. M. and  Saeed , I. H.  (2009). Thermoregulation, heart rate and body weight as influenced by thyroid status and season in the domestic rabbit (Lepus cuniculus) .  Middle – East  J.  Sci.  Research  , 4(4) : 310- 319 .

  13. Hemidan, M. N., Shigidi, M. T. and Ali, Y. H. (2009). Prevalence of group A Rotavirus among children in Khartoum State. Int. conf. for Enhancing scientific Research: Innovation & Development, 4-5 March (2009) Tanta University, Tanta.

  14. Ali O; Caushi D; Wegeler C and Martens H: Transport of SCFA, Na+, Cl- and HCO3- in Sheep Omasum: Mechanisms and Interactions.Invited talk. Nanjing/China 16.5.2009.

  15. El Hussein HA, Hamid ME. Evaluation of ELISA in the serodiagnosis of bovine farcy(2009). Trop Anim Health Prod. 41(4), 617-22

  16. El Ghali, A. and Hassan, S. M. (2009). Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Northern Sudan. Onderstepoort
    Journal of Veterinary Research. 76: 177–185. PMID 20698438.

  17. Mohamed, A. S.; Al Malik, K. H. and Hassan, S. M. (2009). Development of immature stages of Amblyomma lepidum (Acari: Ixodidae) under field conditions. Veterinary Parasitology. 165(1/2): 109 – 111. PMID 19709816

  18. Hassan, Shawgi M. and Salih, Diaeldin A. (2009). Bibliography with abstracts, Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases in the Sudan (1908-2007). First Edition. Publisher: Central Laboratory, Ministry of Science and Technology.176 . ISBN : 978–99942–906–9-1 Serial No. 1/2009

  19. Khadiga A. Abdel Atti,  Saeed M. Saeed, , and. Saad .A. M.( 2009) The response of broiler chicks to dietary

  20. Khairalla M.S. Khairalla (2009), Development and Evaluation of PCR Assays for the Detection of Animal-Derived Products in Processed Food and Animal feed Concentrates , PhD Thesis. University of Khartoum Library, Khartoum, Sudan.

  21. Atif E. Abdel Gadir, Khairalla M. Saeed, Khitma H. Elmalik and Imad Aradaib (2009), Molecular Characterization of Drug Resistant Trypanosoma evansi Isolated from Naturally Infected Camels in Sudan, Journal of Camel Practice Research, vol. 16 (1), 41-44.

  22.  Youssif, F. M. , Ahmed, A. I, and HASSAN, T. (2009). Protective effect of Moringa oleifera lam and hannea kerstingil extracts against cadmium and ethanol – induced Lipid peroxidations . Sud. S- Vet- Sci- Amin- Husb- Vol. 48(182) . 70 – 81.9-                 

  23. Sumaia, A. A. HASSAN, T. Mohamed and A. A. Gameel (2009). Hepatoprotective Activity of Aqueous and Methanolic Extracts of Capparis decidua Stems Against Carbon Tetrachloride Induced Liver Damage in Rats . Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology.4 (4) : 167 – 172.

  24.  Youssif, F. M. , Ahmed, A. I, and HASSAN, T. (2009). Protective effect of Moringa oleifera lam and hannea kerstingil extracts against cadmium and ethanol – induced Lipid peroxidations . Sud. S- Vet- Sci- Amin- Husb- Vol. 48(182) . 70 – 81.

  25. Sumaia, A. A. HASSAN, T. Mohamed and A. A. Gameel (2009). Hepatoprotective Activity of Aqueous and Methanolic Extracts of Capparis decidua Stems Against Carbon Tetrachloride Induced Liver Damage in Rats . Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology.4 (4) : 167 – 172.

  1. Afaf I. Abuelgasim, Rehab Omer and B. Elmahdi (2008). Serrobiochemical Effects of Potassium Bromate on Wistar Albino Rats. Am. J. Food. Technol. 3(5): 303-309 

  2. Rehab Omer, Afaf I. Abuelgasim and B. Elmahdi (2008). Effect of Potassium Bromate on Liver and Blood Constituents of Wistar Albino Rats. Am. J. Food Technol. 3(5): 310-31
  3. Elmahdi, B. Maha, M. Khalil and Afaf I., Abuelgasim (2008). The Effect Of Fresh Crushed Garlic Bulbs (Allium Sativum) on Plasma Lipids in Hypercholesterolemic Rats. Res. J. Animal & Vet. Sci. (in press).
  4. Suliman, SH., B. Elmahdi and Afaf I. Abuelgasim (2008). The Effect of Feeding Coriandrum sativum Fruits Powder on Plasma Lipids Profile in Cholesterol Fed Rats, J.  Animal & Vet. Res. Accepted
  5. Chu I, Bowers JW, Caldwell D, Nakai J, Wade MG, Yagminas A, Li N, Moir D, Elabbas L, Håkansson H, Gill S, Mueller R, Pulido O (2008). Toxicological Effects of in utero and Lactational Exposure of Rats to a Mixture of Environmental Contaminants Detected in Canadian Arctic Human Populations. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health A., 71, (2), 93-108
  6. Nawal . S.O and D.I. osman 2008. Histological study on blood cells and the effect of season on blood composition of the dromedary camel. SUD. J. VET. SCI.ANIM. HUSB. 47: 6-13.

  7.  I. A. El Emam and I. M. El Jalii. (2008). Bacterial dontamination of drinking water in selected dairy farms in Sudan. Accepted for publication in Scientific journal of King Faisal university.

  8. Eljalii, I.M., Gad, H.F. and ELsanousi. S.M. (2008)Case Report: Isolation of Haemophilus somnus from the perpetual cavity of a normal bull for the first time in Sudan. Accepted for publication in Sudan Journal of Veterinary science and Animal Husbandry.

  9. Elsheikh A.S. (2008). Encapsulation of micro manipulated mammalian embryos. (submitted to the Open Reproductive Science Journal).

  10. Hemidan, M. N., Shigidi, M. T. and Ali, Y. H. (2008). Bacteria Associated with Diarrhea in children in Khartoum State, Sudan 2006. Gazira journal of Health Science 4(2) 57-63.

  11. Sayied A.R.S., Shigidi, M.T.A. and Mohammed B.A. (2008). Constituents of Darcas gazelle (Gazelle dorcas) milk. Sud. Acad Sci. J. 2 (1): 98-101.
  12. Sayied A.R.S., Shigidi, M.T.A. and Mohammed, B.A. (2008). Clinical and haematological parameters of Dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas, Linnaeus 1758) JONARES 5 (1): pages 1-17.

  13.    Abdalla, S. E. and Abdelatif, A. M. (2008).   Effects of  haemorrhage on thermoregulation and blood constituents of goats (Capra  hircus). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 11(9) : 1194-1203.
  14.  Elnageeb, M. E., Abdelatif , A. M. and Makawi, S. A. (2008). Thermoregulation and reproductive performance of grazing desert ewes (Ovis aries)  as influenced  by concentrate supplementation . Pak. J. Biol. Sci. , 11(18): 2209-2216.
  15. Abdoun, K., Stumpff, F., Martens, H. (2008). Ruminal Urea Transport (Lecture). Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing/China, 24.11.2008.
  16. Elkhair, Nawal. M. (2008). Comparative studies on acid-base status in calves (Germany) and young camels (Sudan) as influenced by experimentally induced metabolic acidosis, Dr. vet. med Thesis, Free University of Berlin, Germany.
  17. Elkhair, Nawal. M. and Hartmann. H. (2008). Stewart´s strong ion model application in calves and young camels with experimentally induced metabolic acidosis. Abstract in Leipziger Blue Hefte, LBH: Proceeding 18th Tagung der DVG Fachgroupe Physiologie und Biochemie, Page 47.
  18.  Elkhair, Nawal. M. et al. (2008). Age-dependent response of acid-base parameters (Henderson-Hessalbalch and Stewart) in calves with experimentally induced metabolic acidosis (In press).
  19.  Elkhair, Nawal. M. and H. Hartmann (2008). Studies on acid-base status of young camels after NH4Cl load. (In press).
  20. Elkhair, Nawal. M. and Hartmann. H. (2008). Stewart´s strong ion model application in calves with experimentally induced metabolic acidosis.  Abstract in New Trends in Sicence and Technology to Enchance Subtainable Development in Africa. 23-26 Nev. 2008, Khartoum, Sudan. Page 26

  21. H. A. Ali, E. A. Elzubeir and H. M. Elhadi (2008). Effect of season on the immunity of newly hatched broiler chicks reared in arid-hot climate.
    Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 11 (2): 318-320.

  22. Ali, A.M., Salih, D.A., Bakheit, M.A., EL Hussein, A.M., Hassan, S.M., Mukhtar, M.M., Ahmed, J.S. and Seitzer, U. (2008). Comparison of the molecular structure of the TaSP gene of Theileria annulata from Sudanese isolates. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1149: 218–220
  23. Ali, A.M., Beyer, D., Bakheit, M.A., Kullmann, B., Salih, D.A. Ahmed, J.S., Seitzer, U. (2008). Influence of subculturing on gene expression in a Theileria lestoquardi-infected cell line. Vaccine 26S: G17–G23
  24. Salih, D.A., Liu, Z., Bakheit, M.A., Ali, A.M., EL Hussein, A.M., Unger, H., Viljoen, G., Seitzer, U. and Ahmed, J.S. (2008). Development and evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for diagnosis of Tropical Theileriosis. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 55: 238–243.
  25. Awadia M.Ali , Salih D.A., Liu Z., Bakheit M.A., Kullmann B., Seitzer U., Ahmed J.S. (2009) Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for detection of Theileria lestoquardi. Participation in “10th Biennial Conference of the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine held in Lubeck, Germany.
  26. Salim B., Hassan S. M., Bakheit, M. A., Alhassan A., Igarashi, I., Karanis, P. & Abdelrahman, M. B. (2008). Diagnosis of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi infections in horses in the Sudan using ELISA and PCR. Parasitology Research, 103 (5), 1145-1150. Impact Factor: 2.852(PMID18618143)
  27. El Hassan E.M; Boid, R. and Jones, T.W. (1992). Identification of antigenic and non-antigenic components of Trypansoma evansi. First International Seminar on  Non- Tsetse Transmitted Animal Trypanosomes.  Annecy , France .P.138.
  28. Comparative Efficacy and Economic Impact of Some Commonly Used Antibiotics and Anthelmintics in the Veterinary Field in Sudan. (2008), Ph.D thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan

  29. Ali, A. M.; Salih, D.; Bakheit, M.; EL Hussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Mukhtar, M. M.; Ahmed, J. S. and Seitzer, U. (2008). Comparison of the molecular structure of the TaSP gene of Theileria annulata from Sudanese isolates. Annals of New York Academy of Science 1149: 218 – 220.  PMID 19120215.
  30. Salih, D. A.; Hassan, S. M.; Julla, I. I.; Kyule, M. N.; Zessin, K-H and El Hussein, A. M. (2008). Distribution and application of ELISA for the seroprevalence of tick-borne diseases in Central Equatoria State, Sudan. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 55(5-6): 257 – 262. PMID 18666971.
  31. Salih, D. A.; Julla, I. I..; Hassan, S. M.; El Hussein, A. M. and Jongejan, F. (2008). Preliminary survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle in Central Equartoria Southern, Sudan. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 75: 47 – 53. PMID 18575063.
  32. Salim, B. O. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Bahkeit, M. A.; Alhassan, A.; Igarashi, I.; Karanis, P. and Abdelrahman, M. B. (2008). Diagnosis of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi infections in horses in Sudan using ELISA and PCR. Parasitology Research, 103(5): 1145-1150. PMID 18618143.
  33. Hassan, Shawgi M. (2008). Bibliography of Theses Submitted for Higher Degrees at Faculty of Veterinary Medicine With Relevant Subjects at Other Faculties and Institutes of University of Khartoum (1960–2006). First Edition. Khartoum University Printing Press. 205 pp. ISBN 978–99942-879-0-1 Serial No. 102/2008.
  34. Attamanan, A.M. and Elamin, E.A. (2008). Endo-parasitism of Livestock and their treatment in Sudan.The proceedings of the first Conference (ARRC), 17-21.
  35. Almujali,D.M,BabikerS.H.,Saad.A.M.,Shuaib.M.A.M.,Abdelgadir.KandAlfadl.Y.” (2008)Prevalence of Samonellae

    in broiler chicken carcasses and  poultry farms in the Central Region , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Anim and Vet Adv

    9(2)
  36. Saad .A.M ,and Shomein A.M.,(1988)Research for Development ,International Symposium on the Development of Animal Resources in Sudan, On the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Fac of Vet Sc Uof K.pp 13
  37. Sawsan , M. A. Iman, HASSAN, T. Seri, H. I. and Hidaia B zolain (2008) Field investigation of gastro – intestinal nematodes in horses and donkeys in South Darfur State, Sudan. 13th Sci. Cong. 2008- Fac. Vet. Med., Assiut Univ., Egypt .723 – 729.

  38. Youssif, F. M. , HASSAN , T. and Mohammed , O. S. A. (2008) Residues of cymelarsan in Camels ( Camelus dromedarius )and Nubian goats infected with T. evansi in Sudan. African Journal of Food science. Vol (2) pp. 092 – 097.

  39. Youssif, F. M. , Mohammed , O. S. A, and HASSAN, T. (2008) Efficacy and toxicity of cymelarsan in Nubian goats infected with trypanosome evansi . Journal of Cell and Animal Biology vol .2 (7). 140 – 149.

  1. Zuki ABZ, Hafeez Y M, Loqman MY, Noordin M M, Yousof N (2007). Effect of preservation methods on the performance of bovine pericardium graft in a rat model. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 36 (5): 349-365
  2. Masaad, G. A. M. (2007). A comparative Morphological study on the Pancreas of the Dromedary (Camelus dromedaries) and the Donkey (Eqqus asinus).MVSc thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan
  3. Babiker HA, Nakatsu Y, Yamada K, Yoneda A, Takada A, Ueda J, Hata H, Watanabe T. (2007) Bovine and water buffalo Mx2 genes: polymorphism and antiviral activity. Immunogenetics. 59(1), 59-67
  4. Diet-dependent morphological changes of the rumen epithelium in sheep, 2007, thesis University of Free University of Berlin, Germany.
  5. Taha, AAM (2007). Veterinary anatomy syllabus and methods of teaching in Sudan.  Proceeding of the Mini-workshop on “Developing Veterinary Anatomy Tutorial through Implementing Multimedia and different Image Facilities”, 27-29 January,2007, Royal Palace Hotel, Police Club, Cairo, Egypt.
  6. Mahgoub, N. M., A. H. Mohamed and B. Elmahdi (2007). Effect of Anogeissus leiocarpus Leaf Extract on Blood Glucose Level in Rats. Gez. J. Health Sc. 3(1): 71-73
  7. Ibrahim, A.A. and H. H Seed Ahmed 2007. Salmonella carriers among public food handlers in Khartoum  municipality . (Msc thesis )
  8. El Jalii1, I. M and Bahaman, A. R. (2007) Characterization of leptospiral isolates using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting. Veterinarski Arhiv. 77 (20: 159-165.
  9. Saeed, E. M. A., Böhnel, H., Gessler, F. (2007). Isolation of two type C and one type D Clostridium botulinum which are with swarming character. (Ready to be sent for publication)

  10. Saeed, E. M. A., Böhnel, H., Gessler, F. (2007). Botulinum neurotoxin may not be responsible for equine grass sickness. (Sent for publication)

  11. Saeed, E. M. A., Böhnel, H., Gessler, F. (2007). Neutralization of tetanus neurotoxin with various botulinum antitoxins (A-F) in a study to isolate Clostridium botulinum from field samples. (Sent for publication)

  12. Elsheikh A.S. ( 2007). Handmade cloning of mammals. African journal of biotechnology 6 (16), 1862-1868.
  13. Mohamed Y. A. and Elsheikh A.S. (2007). Postpartum interval of Darfurian cows: I. Influences of breed, BCS, parity and season (submitted to African. J. of Agriculture)
  14. Makawi,S.A., Manahil, Z.A. (2007). Fertility response of Desert ewes to hormonal oestrous synchronization and artificial insemination using fresh diluted semen. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6 (3): 385-391
  15. Makawi, S. A. and Badawi, M. E. (2007). Effect of Caesarean Section (C.S.) on Uterine Aerobic Bacteria and Post-Partum Period in Nubian Goats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6 (3): 375-378.
  16. Makawi, S.A; Elsharif, B.A. and Babiker, E.A. (2007). Effect of season on freezability of semen from two breed – types of Desert sheep in the Sudan. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6 (7): 846-849.
  17. Abdelsalam, A.M., Shigidi, M.T. and Gumaa, S.A. (2007) cheap orange fruit culture media for cultivation of somes species of bacteria and fungi: Proc. Sud. Assoc. Clinic. Biology. 1, 10-11.

  18. محمد طه عبد الله شقدى (رئيس اللجنة) 2007م دليل الحيوانات الحية فى السودان- الجزء الأول – الحيوانات الأليفة – الهيئة السودانية للمواصفات والمقاييس – مطبعة جامعة الخرطوم – الخرطوم السودان. 80 ص
  19. محمد طه عبد الله شقدى (رئيس اللجنة) 2007م دليل الحيوانات الحية فى السوادن- الجزء الثانى – الحيوانات البرية – الهيئة السودانية للمواصفات والمقاييس – مطبعة جامعة الخرطوم – الخرطوم – السودان. 79 ص
  20. Amin, A. S. A., Abdoun, K. A. and  Abdelatif , A. M. (2007). Seasonal variation in botanical and chemical composition of plants selected by one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10 (6) : 932-935.
  21. Amin, A. S. A., Abdoun, K. A. and  Abdelatif , A. M. (2007). Seasonal variation in  blood constituents  of  one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10 (8) : 1250-1256.
  22. Abdoun, K. A., Amin A. S. A.and  Abdelatif , A. M. (2007). Milk composition of dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius): Nutritional effects and correlation to blood parameters . Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10 (16): 2724-2727.
  23. Abdoun, K., Stumpff, F., Martens, H.(2007). Urea transport across the rumen epithelium is electrically silent and modulated by changes in pH. Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry 63 (1): 33.
  24. Abdoun, K. A., Amin, A. S. A. and Abdelatif, A. M. (2007). Milk composition of dromedary camels (Camelus dromedaries): Nutritional effects and correlation to corresponding blood parameters. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10 (16): 2724-2727.
  25. Abdoun, K., Martens, H. (2007). Phenyl Phosphorodiamidate (PPD) adversely affects the electrophysiology of the rumen epithelium in Sheep. Online Journal of Veterinary Research11(2): 36-42.
  26. Amin, A. S. A., Abdoun, K. A., Abdelatif, A. M. (2007). Seasonal variation in blood constituents of one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences10 (8): 1250-1256.
  27. Amin, A. S. A., Abdoun, K. A., Abdelatif, A. M. (2007). Seasonal variation in botanical and chemical composition of plants selected by one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences10 (6): 932-935.
  28. Abdoun, K., Stumpff, F., Martens, H. (2007). Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and carbon dioxide (CO2) enhance transepithelial urea transport across the rumen epithelium in Sheep. Proceedings of the Society of Nutritional Physiology 16: 52.
  29. Abdoun, K. (2007). Mechanism and regulation of urea transport across the rumen epithelium (Lecture). Interdisciplinary Colloquium of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany 22.05.2007.
  30. Abdoun, K. (2007). Ruminal urea transport: effect of pH and fermentation products (Lecture). Manhattan (Kansas) – Berlin Symposium on Transport Physiology. Berlin, Germany; 22 January 2007.
  31. Dölle, M., Martens, H., Beisele, M., Abdoun, K.,Siegling-Vlitakis, C., Wolf, K., Tietjen, U. (2007). Kinetik des Na-Transportes am isolierten Blättermagenepithel des Schafes (Kinetics of Na transport across the isolated omasum epithelium of Sheep).Proceedings of the 2d Symposium of doctorates of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Free University of Berlin 2:65.
  32. Abdoun, K., Dölle, M., Tietjen, U., Martens, H. (2007). In vitro Studies on urea transport across the isolated omasum epithelium. Proceedings of the 27th Conference of the German Veterinary Association: 87.
  33. Amin, A. S. A., Abdoun, K. A., Abdelatif, A. M. (2007). Observations on the seasonal browsing and grazing behaviour of Camels (Camelus dromedaries) in southern Darfur–Sudan. Tropentag “Utilization of diversity in land use system: Sustainable and organic approaches to meet human needs”, October 9-11, 2007, Witzenhausen, Germany.
  34. H. A. Ali, E. A. Elzubeir and H. M. Elhadi (2007). Effect of residual yolk sac on growth, liver total lipids and serum total lipids in broiler chicks. Pak.J. Biol. Sci. 10 (24): 5059-5062

  35. Babiker HA, Nakatsu Y, Yamada K, Yoneda A, Takada A, Ueda J, Hata H, Watanabe T. (2007) Bovine and water buffalo Mx2 genes: polymorphism and antiviral activity. Immunogenetics. 59(1), 59-67

  36. ME Hamid, HA Elhussein, S Sulieman, B Abbas. (2007). Tuberculosis lympadenitis caused by Mycobacterium avium in two cross-breed dairy cows. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa.55, 199-202.

  37. Hamid,M. E.; Omyama A. Gamal El Din; El Hussein, H. A.; Mahgoub, A.; Ibrahim, K. E. E. and Abdel Salam, E. B. First Report of Nocardia farcinica-Induced Granulomatous Mastitis in a Saanen Goat in the Sudan (2007). The Sudan J. Vet. Res. 22: 83-88

  38. S.A.Ali , T.H.Alamin, A.H.Mohammed and A.A.Gameel Hepatoprotective Activity of Aqueous and Methanolic Extracts of Capparis decidua Stems Against Carbon tetrachloride Induced Liver Damage in Rats . Presentation to : The First Regional Conference ad Scientific Exhibition on medicinial , Aromatic and Poisonous Plants . Sana a, Republic of Yemen .           April  16th – 18th , 2007 .
     
  39. R.M.Abdelghafar , A.A.Gameel , H.Agab and B.H,Ahmed .   An Approach to Abdominal Ultrasonography in Camels ( Camelus dromedarus ) with Special Emphasis to the Liver . J .  Sci and tech      ( Sudan University of Science and Technology ) 8 ( 2 ) : 69 – 77 , 2007 .

  40. M.I.Abubakr , E.M E Abu Elzein ,  F.M.T Housawi , A.O.Abdel-Rahman , M.E.Fadlalla , M.N.Nayel , A.S.Adam , S.Moss , N.L.Forrester , E.Coloyan , A.A.Gamel , A.L.Al-Afaliq, and E.A.Gould Pseudocowpox Virus : The Etiological Agent of Contagious Ecthyma ( Auzdyk ) in Camels ( Camelus dromedaries ) in the Arabian Peninsula . Vector – Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 7 ( 2 ) : 257 – 260 , 2007 .

  41.  A.A.Gameel. Skin and hide defects ( invited paper , in Arabic ) . Training course on improvement and sorting of skin and hides organized by the Hide and Skin Improvement Centre , Ministry of Animal Recourses and fisheries . Khartoum 5-19 Nov. 2007.

  42. 112. A.A.Gameel . Fascioliasis : Pathognicity and Pathology ( Invited paper ) . Training Workshop on Epidemiology and control of Snail- borne Diseases            ( Sponsored by IAEA ) . Khartoum , March 23rd – April 8th , 2007 .
  43.  A.A.Ismail , A.M.Ibrahim , A.M.A/majid , H.S.Siddig , A.A.Gameel, A.H.A/rahman , C.I.Mahama and H.G.Chiyuka. Susceptibility of Sudanese Donkeys to Trypanosoma evansi Infection .International Scientific Conference for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control .   Luanda , Angola , October 15th , 2007
  44. Hassan, I. A.; Hassan, S. M.; El Hussein, A. M. and Rodriguez, M. (2007). Evaluation of the recombinant Bm86 antigen (GavacTM) against Hyalomma dromedarii and H. a. anatolicum (Acari: Ixodidae) in Sudan. Biotechnologia Aplicada, 24: 122 – 125.
  45. Mohammed, M. S. and Hassan, S. M. (2007). Distribution and population dynamics of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting sheep in Sennar State, Sudan. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 74: 301–306.  PMID 18453239
  46. Salih, D. A.; Hassan, S. M. and Elhussein, A. M. (2007). Comparisons among two serological tests and microscopic examination for the detection of Theileria annulata in cattle in Northern Sudan. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 81(4): 323 – 326. PMID 17590458
  47. Morghan,M.M. and  Saad,A.M. (2007).The Prevalence and Pathology of Naturally Occurring Feline GastroIntestinal Helminths in Khartoum State. The Sud J  Stand and Metro. 1(2)

  48. Saad A. M., Abdalla .I .Al-Shodukey  & Amin .M. Al-Rajhi (2007)” A Case Report : Caprine Hypodermosis in Qassim Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. “Sud. J.Vet. Sc.and .Anim. Husb Sud.47(1) 43-46

  49. Saad .A.M., (2007) Outbreaks of White Muscle Disease in Lambs and Kids in Qassim Region,Kingdom ofSaudi Arabia, Sud. J.Vet .Sc..Anim . Husb 46 :(1&2) 29-37

  50. Saad .A.M., (2007) : Report of Ovine Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Qassim  Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,Sud. J.Vet .Sc.and .Anim . Husb. 46:(1&2) 38-44

  51. Saad.A .M., & Alrobaish.T.(2007) : A Herd  Outbreak of Camel Pox  in    Gasseem Region . J. Sc. Tech .

    8(2) 13-20.

  52. Ahmed M.A. Osman; Rihab A. Omer; Imadeldin E. Aradaib. (2007). Rapid and Simple Method for Specific Identification of Echinococcus granulosus- complex using the PCR. (manscript).
  53.  Imadeldin O. Abdelrahman; Nabila M. Elbagir; Ahmed M. A. Osman;Safa A. Sharfi; Imadeldin E. Aradaib. (2007). PCR Detection of E.coli in Chicken Fecal Samples. (Submitted).

  54. Afraa T. Elata; Imadeldin E. Aradaib Masaad A. Eldibaib; Ahmed M.A Osman; AbdelRahman M.A. Saeed; Abdelrahim E. Karrar. (2007). Genome Segment 6 (NS1) is Conserved Among Cognate genes of Bluetongue Virus Serogroup. International Journal of Molecular Medicine and Advanced Science. 3(1): 59- 62.

  55. Khairalla M.S Khairalla, Imadeldin E. Aradaib, Amel O. Bakhiet, Tigani Hassan, Badr E. Hago and Abdel-Rahman M.A. Saeed (2007), A Simple and Rapid Assay for Specific Identification of Bovine Derived Products in Biocomplex Materials, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 10(8), 1170-1174.

  56. Sulieman, MS and Ezzaddin, A. ( 2007).Efficacy of Three Vaccination Programs Against Infectious Bursal Disease ( Gumboro) in Commercial Layer Chicks in Sudan.Debate of Healthy Poultry Production in Arab World, Academy of Scientific research and Technology, Egypt.
  57. A.O. Bakhiet and S. M. A. El Badwi (2007). Effects of Dietary Chromium Supplementation on the Performance and some Serum Parameters in Bovans-type Chicks. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology 2 (4): 402-406.

  58.  Amel O Bakhiet, A. A. Mohammed, E. S. M. Siham and. M. A. Samia El Badawi. (2007). Some Trace-Elements Profile in the Liver of Camels, Cattle, Sheep and Goats. International Journal of Tropical Medicine 2 (1): 1-2.

  59. I.A., Ibrahim, S.M.A El Badwi, A.O. Bakhiet, W. S. Abdel Gadir and Adam S.E.I. (2007). A 9-week Feeding Study of Cuminum Cyminum and Hibiscus sabdoariffa in Bovans Chicks. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology 2 (7): 666-671.

  60. Osman, O.A., El Badwi, Samia M.A., Amin A.E. and Harbi, M.S. (2007). Toxicity to chicks of Azadirachta indica seed methanolic extract. The Sudanese Journal of Standards and Meteorology. 1(1):29- 35

  61. Osman, O.A., El Owni, E. E., ElBadwi, Samia M.A., Amin A.E. and Harbi, M.S. (2007) Anticestodal action of Jatropha curcas against the poultry cestode Raillietina tetragona. The Sudanese Journal of Standards and Meteorology. 1(1):36-4 0

  62. Khiaralla , M. S. Khairalla, Imadeldin ,E. Aradaib, Ahmed, O. Bakhiet, TIGANI HASSAN . Badr , E. Hago and Abdel- Rahman, M. A. Saeed. (2007). A simple and rapid assay for specific identifiction of bovine -derived products in biocomplex materials . Pakistan Journal of biological sciences. 10(8) : 1170 – 1174.

  63. Fairouz, M. Y., HASSAN, T. and Elmalik, K. H. (2007). Effect of chemotherapy on thyroxine and progestrone levels in Nubian goats experimentally infected with T. evansi. Research Journal of Pharmacology 1(2) : 37 – 39.

  64. Fairouz, M. Y, Elmalik, K. H. and HASSAN, T. (2007). Effect of chemotherapy on liver enzyme levels in Nubian goats experimentally infected with T. evansi . Research Journal of Pharmacology1 (2) : 40 – 43.

  65. Youssif, M. F. , HASSAN , T. and El Malik , K. (2007) Chemotherapy correction of haematological changes Induced by T. evanci in Nubian goats. J. Med. Sci., 7 (7) : 1150 – 1156 .1st October, 2007.

  1. Elmahdi,B.M, Elsheikh, O.M. and Elwad, H.A.(2006). Influence of Trace Elements on Health and Reproductivity of Sheep in Eastern African Countries. The African Universties Congress, Khartoum, Sudan, January 2006
  2. Elsheikh, O.M, Elmahdi, B. H., Hamed, M. A. R. and Elsrrag, M.S. (2006). Effect of Bee Stings on Thyroid Function in Hyperthyroid Women. First International Bee Conference, Altahadi University –Sert –Lybia 20-22 May 2006
  3.    Nawal . S. D. osman, D. I. and Ali. M. A 2006. Seasonal variations on blood picture and istochemical study of blood cells of the dromedary. 1st Conf. Inf. Soc. Camelids . Res. Develop. (1 soc. ARD). UAE(AL AIN).

  4. osman D.I ., 2006. The morphology of the infratesticular excurrent duct system of the dromedary camel. The INF. SCI. CONF. on camels Saudi Arabia (Qassim university).

  5. Zaki, A.Z.S.A.; Boehnel, H.;Babiker, S.H.; Suleiman, K.M. (2006). Optimization of Growth of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae in Goettingen Bioreactor. Sudan. J. Vet. Anim. Husb. (In press).
  6. · Zaki, A.Z.S.A.; Boehnel, H.;Babiker, S.H.; Suleiman, K.M. (2006). Harvest and Washing of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Cells from Bioreactor Cultures. Sudan. J. Vet. Anim. Husb. (In press).

  7. · Suleiman, K.M.; Boehnel, H.;Babiker, S.H.; Zaki, A.Z.S.A. (2006).Cultivation of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in a continuous culture. Sudan. J. Vet. Anim. Husb. (In press).

  8. · Suleiman, K.M., Boehnel, H., Babiker, S.H., Zaki, A.Z.S.A. (2006). Cellular Fatty Acid Profile of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and its Relation to Pathogenicity. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. (In press).

  9. · Suleiman, K.M., Boehnel, H., Babiker, S.H., Zaki, A.Z.S.A. (2006). Cytotoxic Activity in Fermenter Culture Supernatants of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. (In press)
  10. Ibrahim, A.A. and M.E.H.Ournasseir .2006. Comparative study for the         detection of HCV-Abs using ELISA and Immunochromatography and  liver  enzymes  level. (Msc thesis )

  11.  Ibrahim, A.A.and O.B. Suliman 2006. Prevalance of CMV  Abs in  renal transplant candidates & Kidney and blood donor candidates at   Ahmed Ghasim Renal Transplant Centre(Msc thesis )

  12.  Ibrahim, A.A. and I.S. Sawar Eldahab 2006. Isolation and Identification of Campylobacter Jejuni from poultry in Khartoum State.(Msc thesis )

  13. Eljalii, I. M and Ali, A.S. (2006). Differentiation of leptospiral serovars by restriction endonucleases analysis. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical society, 57 (4): 297-301.
  14. Tabidi, M. H., Hassan, O. M., El Jalii, I.M., Hamza, A.E (2006). Surveillance of theileriosis in selected dairy farms in Khartoum and Gaziera States-Sudan. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 5 (11): 1043-1045.
  15. Elsheikh, A.S, Takahashi, Y., Katagiri, S. and Kanagawa, H. (2006). Sucrose- exposed chemically enucleated mouse oocytes support blastocyst development of reconstituted embryos. Reproduction, Fertility and Development 18:697-701.
  16. Elsheikh, A.S. and Yagoub, M.M. (2006). Effect of age, prolificacy and GnRH treatment on postpartum period in Sudanese Nubian goats.U. of K J. Agric Sci. 14(1): 150-160.
  17. Elsheikh, A. S., Omer Nawal N. (2006). Progesterone profile of Sudanese Nubian goats during oestrous cycle and postpartum. Sudan journal of animal production (accepted)
  18. Elsheikh, A.S, Takahashi, Y., Kanagawa, H. 2006. Appearance of DNA topoisomerase II enzyme activity in mouse sperm heads after fertilization. Sudan journal of animal production (accepted).
  19. Omer, N.N and Elsheikh, A.S. (2006). Management of postpartum interval of Nubian goats with PGF or GnRH. Sudan journal of animal production (accepted).
  20. Zainelabdin, H.A. and Makawi, S.A. (2006). Age at puberty and the effect of season of birth on age and body weight at first conception in Holstein. Friesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5 (5) 418-426.
  21. Mohamed Nour, M. S., Musa, S. M. and Makawi S. A. (2006). Reproductive efficiency of Desert sheep following surgical intra – uterine artificial insemination in the Sudan. Small Ruminant Research (Submitted)
  22. Makawi, S.A. and Babiker, E.A. (2006). Seasonal variations in semen characteristics of Nubian, Saanen and Crossbred buck in Sudan. Small Ruminant Research. (Submitted).
  23. Abdoun, K., Stumpff, F., Martens, H. (2006). Ammonia and urea transport across the rumen epithelium: a review. Animal health research reviews 7 (1-2): 43-59.
  24. Abdoun, K., Wolf, K., Martens, H. (2006). Interaction between ammonia, sodium and chloride transport across the rumen epithelium in sheep. Small Ruminant Research63 (1-2): 91-99.
  25. Abdoun, K. (2006). Evidence for channel mediated uptake of NH4+ by the rumen epithelium (Lecture). Berliner Patch-Clamp-Colloquium. Berlin, Germany; 4 April 2006. http://www.medizin.fu-berlin.de/klinphys/lehre/s_pclamp_0.htm.
  26. O. Ali, Z Shen, U. Tietjen and H. Martens (2006). Transport of acetate and sodium in sheep omasum: mutual, but asymmetric interactions.
    J.Comp. Physiol. (B). 176 (5): 477- 487

  27. Khalafalla, A.I; S.A.Abdelaziz; S.M.El Hassan (2006). Increasing family poultry production in the Sudan through Newcastle disease control and improving housing. In: Improving Farmyard Poultry Production in Africa: Interventions and Their Economic
  28. Ali A.M., Bakheit MA, Mukhtar MM, Hassan SM, Ahmed JS, Seitzer, U (2006). Epidemiology of Theileria annulata infection of dairy cattle in the Sudan using molecular techniques. Ann. N.Y.Acad. Sci. 1081:471–472
  29. Seitzer, U., Bakheit, M.A., Salih, D.A., Ali, A., Haller, D., Yin, H., Schnittger, L. and Ahmed, J. (2007). From molecule to diagnostic tool: Theileria annulata surface protein TaSP. Parasitology Research, 101: S217-S223.
  30. Aradaib, I. E.; Mohammed, M. E.; Sarr, J. A.; Idris, S. H.; Ali, N. O..; Majid, A. A.; Karrar, A. E. (2006). A Simple and Rapid Method for Detection of African Horse Sickness Virus Serogroup in Cell Cultures Using RT-PCR. Veterinary Research Communications. 30(3): 319-24.
  31. I.A.Al- Mulhim ,  E.M E Abu Elzein , A.A.Gameel , A.L.Al-Afaliq , R.Manuell and D.J.Alexander . Comparative Study on the Clinico – pattologial Response of the Collared Dove ( Streptopelia roseogrisea arabica ) and Pigeons ( Columba livia ) to Experimental Infection with the Pigeons Paramyxovirus – 1. J.Anim . Vet . Advances 5 ( 5 ) 395 – 400 , 2006 .
  32.  I.A.Al- Mulhim ,  E.M E Abu Elzein , A.A.Gameel , R.Manuell and D.J.Alexander A.L.Al-Afaliq . Obseniation on the Pigeon Paramyxovirus – 1 Infection in Pigeons at Al – Ahsa Oasis of Eastern Saudia Arabia .J . Auim . Vet . Advances . 5 ( 12 ) 1058 – 1061 , 2006
  33. Ali, A. M.; Bakheit, M. A.; Mukhtar, M. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Ahmed, J. S. and Seitzer, U. (2006). Epidemiology of Theileria annulata in dairy cattle in the Sudan using molecular techniques. Annals of New York Academy of Science. 1081: 471 – 472. PMID 17135552. 4
  34. Shariff, O. E.; Elussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M. and Salih, D. A. (2006). Attenuation of a Sudanese schizont infected cell line of Theileria annulata. In: Proceedings of 7th Scientific Conference. National Centre for Research. Friendship Hall, Khartoum, Sudan. 13 – 15 December, 2005.
  35. Fatani, A.E., Elamin, E.A., Atiya, S.A. and Al-Mohammed, H.I. (2006). Relative susceptibility of Najdi, Neimi and Hari lambs indigenous to Saudi Arabia to experimental infection with Haemonchus contortus. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 4(2):137-142.
  36. Abdalla. H., Saad .A., M., Bakheit .M., & Elamin .E. (2006).:The Interaction of Trpansoma evansi

    and Haemonchus longestipes in Camel Calves. Proceeding of International Camel Conference, Gasseem

    University , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, May, 2006.

  37. Suleiman. M.I, A/ Karim .E .I.,Saad.A.M., Ibrahim.K.E., Ahmed.B.M., Saeed.A.M., and  Suleiman .S.M.,(2005) .Antischistosomal Efficacy Study of Prziquantel ,It”s Alkaline Hydrolysis and The Sun Decomposed Products.Saudi Pharm ,J, 13 (4) , 171-178 .
  38.   Khairalla M.S. Khairalla, Imadeldin E. Aradaib, Tigani Hassan, Ali A. Majid, Abdelrahim E. Karrar, Ahmed M.A. Osman and Osman A. Osman. (2006). Development and Evaluation of Nested PCR for Specific Identification of Swine-I Products in Processed Food and Animal feed concentrates. Journal of Food Technology4 (2): 160- 165.
  39. Khairalla M.S Khairalla, Imadeldin E. Aradaib, Tigani Hassan, Ali, A Majid, Abdelrahim E. Karrar, Ahmed M.A. Osman and Osman A. Osman(2006), Development and Evaluation of Nested PCR for specific Identification of Swine-Derived Products in Processed Food and in Animal Feed Concentrates , Journal of food Technology, vol. 4(2), 160-165.
  40. M. E. Hamid, K.M.S. Khairalla, S.S. Ahmed, A.E. El Shiekh and K. E. E. Ibrahim (2006), Unusual Manifestation of Concurrent Demodectic and Sarcoptic mange in a Zebu-Friesian cross-bred Heifer, JI S. Afr. Vet. Ass, vol. 77(2), 90-91.
  41. Ahmed, A.B.O, Khairalla, M.S. Khairalla and El Sanousi, S.M (2006), An Outbreak of Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis (IBK) in Khartoum North, Sudan; Sud. J. Vet. Sci. & Anim. Husb., vol. 45 (1,2), 15-20.
  42.  Bakhiet, A.O, Ali, M.S., Elsharif, E. and EL Badwi, S.M.A. (2006) some biochemical values in the young and adult Sudanese Geese Anser anser. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5, 24
  43. Amel O. Bakhiet, Sabna D. Mohammed, Samia, M.A. El Badwi, Warda, S. Abdel Gadir and S.E.I. Adam (2006). Antimicrobial Activity of Petroselinum sativum and Coriandrum sativum Seeds. Research Journal in Microbiology, 1: 346-352
  44.  Khiaralla , M. S. Khairalla, Imadeldin ,E. Aradaib, Ahmed, O. Bakhiet, TIGANI HASSAN, Ali, A.Majid , Abdel Rahim , E. Karrar, Ahmed , M. A- Osman and Osman, A. Osman. (2006) Development and evaluation of Nested PCR for specific identification of swine – derived products in processed food and in animal feed concentrates . Journal of Food Technology 4 (2) : 160 – 165.
  45. Seri, H. I. , HASSAN, T. , Salih, M. M. , and Elmansoury, Y. H. A. (2006) Effect of doramectin on donkeys blood constituents . International Journal of Pharmacololgy. 2 (5) : 549 – 552.
  46. Seri, H. I. , HASSAN, T. , Salih , M. M. and Naim, Y. Hassan. (2006). Reference values on serum biochemical parameters of Sudanese donkeys ( Equus Asinus) Breed. 12th Sci. Cong. Fac. Vet. Med, Assiut Univ., Egypt . -27 – 40.
  47. Hisham Seri, TIGANI HASSAN, Mohamed Salih , Adam Abakar. (2006). An assay of some biochemical parameters in donkeys ( Equus Asinus ) medicated at therapeutic level with Doramectin Injectable formulation. Tropentag, Boon , Prosperity and Poverty in a Globalised world – challenges for agricultural research.
  1. Hafeez Y M, Zuki ABZ, Loqman MY, Noordin M M, Yousof N (2005). Comparative evaluations of the processed bovine tunica vaginalis implant in a rat model. Anatoical Science International 80: 181-189 .

  2. Hafeez Y M, Zuki ABZ, Yusof N, Asnah H, Loqman MY, and Noordin M M (2005). Effect of freeze-drying and gamma irradiation on biomechanical properties of bovine pericardium. Cell and Tissue Banking 6: 85-89

  3. Zaki, A.Z.S.A. (2005). Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia: Clinical signs and diagnosis. Training workshop on CBPP and CCPP, recognition, sample collection, preservation and transportation, vaccine storage and administration. Min. Anim. Res. Fish. and Min. Sc. Tech. in collaboration with FAO (Project TCP/SUD/3001 A) and PACE. 3-5 Jan. Sennar State, 12-17 Sep. Bahr El Gebel State, Sudan

  4. M.E. Wisal, M.A. Hamid, E.A. Hadia, I.M. El Jalii and A.S. Ali (2005). Coagulase Gene Polymorphism of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human, animals and environment. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 8(2): 278-280

  5. S.H. Manal, M.E. Hamid, I.M. El Jalii and A.S. Ali. (2005). Correlation between microscopic examination and culture for detection and differentiation of Mycobacterial isolates from cattle in the Sudan. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 8(2): 284-286

  6. Ali, A.S. and El Jalii, I.M. (2005). Protection of piglets immunized with cloned pseudorabies virus. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical society. 56: (4) 307-310.

  7. Abdel-Latif, M. M.  & A. I. Khalafalla (2005).  Detection By PCR Of Multiple Subgroups Of Avian Leukosis Virus (ALV) In Broilers In The Sudan. Journal Of Animal And Veterinary Advances 4(3): 407-413.

  8. Ali, Y.H; Khalafalla, A.I & El Amin, M.A (2005). Epidemiology Of Camel Calf Diarrhea In Sudan: Seroprevalence Of Camel Rotavirus Infection. Journal Of Animal And Veterinary Advances 4 (3): 393-397.

  9. Ali, Y.H; Khalafalla, A.I; El Amin, M.A; Peenze, I & Steele, A.D (2005). Rotavirus-Associated Camel Calf Diarrhoea In Sudan. Journal Of Animal And Veterinary Advances 4 (3): 401-406.

  10. Abdelmelik I. Khalafalla , Intisar K. Saeed , Yahia H. Ali , Amira M.El Hassan , Ali Abu Obeida , Mohamed Gasim , Zakia  Abbas  (2005). Morbillivirus Infection Of Camels In Eastern Sudan. New Emerging Fatal And Contagious Disease. Proceedings Of The International Conference On Infectious Emerging Diseaase. Al Aain, UAE, 26th March- April 1, 2005.

  11. Hommeida A, Nakao T and Kubota H. Onset and Duration of Luteal Activity Postpartum and Their Effect on First Insemination Conception Rate in Lactating Dairy Cows. J. vet. Med.Sci 67 (10): 1031-1035. (2005).

  12. Yagoub, M.M. and Elsheikh, A.S. (2005). Some reproductive traits of Sudanese Nubian goats. Sudan Journal of Natural Sciences Bio.Sci. (in press).

  13. Elsheikh, A.S. and Ahmed, F. O. (2005). Backing Up Postpartum Dairy Cows with PGF2a . J. Anim. Vet.   Advances 4(5): 506-509.

  14. Babiker, E.A. and Makawi, S.A. (2005). The influence of season on sexual behaviour and semen quality of Nubian bucks in Sudan. Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 44 (1&2): 83-102.

  15. Makawi, S.A. and Manahil, Z.A. (2005). Reproductive performance of Sudanese Desert ewes following oestrous synchronization with Luprostiol and Flourogestone Acetate (FGA). The 7th Scientific Conference for the National Center for Research. 13 – 15 December, 2005. Khartoum.

  16. Ahmed, A. E. and Abdelatif, A. M. (2005). The effects of water and food restriction on the pathophysiological responses of the domestic rabbit (Lepus caniculus) to acute solar radiation exposure. Proceedings of the Annual Conference, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University.  18-22 February , 2005.

  17. Elkhair, N. M. and Abdelatif , A. M. (2005). Effects of season and antithyroid drug carbimazole on haematological and immunological responses  of unsexed  Lohmann chicks .  Sudan   J.   Vet.   Sci.   and  Anim.   Husb. , 44 (1,2): 113-124.

  18.  Ibrahim, M. Y., Abdelatif , A. M. and Hassan, Y. M. (2005). The erythrocytic and leukocytic indices  and  plasma  proteins  of  Nubian goats .  Sudan  J. Vet.   Sci.   and   Anim.   Husb.  , 44 (1,2): 125-135.

  19. Abdoun, K., Stumpff, F., Wolf, K., Martens, H. (2005). Modulation of electroneutral Na transport in sheep rumen epithelium by luminal ammonia. American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 289: G508-G520.

  20. Abdoun, K., Martens. H. (2005). In vitro studies on the effect of diet and mucosal pH on ammonia, sodium and chloride transport across the rumen epithelium of sheep. Journal of Science and Technology6 (1): 158-166.

  21. Elkhair,  Nawal. M. and A. M. Abdelatif (2005). Effects of season and antithyroid drug carbimazole on haematological and immunological responses of unsexed Lohmann chicks.Sud. J. Vet. Anim. Husb.,44 (1&2):113-124.

  22. O. Ali and H. Martens (2005). Na is transported across the isolated omasal epithelium of sheep by two independent electroneutral transport mechanisms. Proc. Soc. Nut. Physiol.14: 98, Stuttgart/ Hohenheim, Germany.

  23. .O. Ali, H. Martens and Z. Shen (2005). Transport of acetate across the isolated omasum epithelium of sheep: Evidence for non ionic diffusion. Proc. Soc. Nut. Physiol.14: 99, Stuttgart/ Hohenheim, Germany.

  24. O. Ali, H. Martens and C. Wegeler (2005). Interactions between Na transport and the transport of SCFA, Cl- and HCO3- in sheep omasum. Proc. Germ. Vet. Assoc. Conf. 26: 117, Berlin, Germany.

  25. Mousa A, Bakheit M, Mukhtar M, Hassan S, Ahmed J, Seitzer U. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Theileria annulata from the Sudan. In: Proceedings 5th International Conference on Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, pp 154–157,

  26. O. Ali (2005)In vitro Studies of Ion Transport in Sheep Omasum:Interaction between Na, Cl and Short Chain Fatty Acids.Thesis, Free university of Berlin, Germany.

  27. Dia Eldin Salih, Jabbar S. Ahmed, Mohammed A. Bakheit, El Zain B. Ali, Abdelrahim M. Elhussein, Shawgi M. Hassan, Omer E. Shariff, Mohamed Fadl and Frans Jongejan (2005). Validation of the indirect TaSP Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent  assay for diagnosis of Theileria annulata infection in cattle, Parasitol Res, 97: 302-308.

  28. Mukhtar EA, Alwali AA, El-Eragi AMS,  Hamid ME, El Hussein HA. Attenuated Mycobacterium farcinogenes Strain A24 As A Protective Vaccine Candidate Against Bovine Farcy (2005). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 4 (2), 269-273.

  29. Ali, A. M.; Bakheit, M. A.; Mukhtar, M. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Ahmed, J. S. and Seitzer, U. (2005). Phylogenitic analysis of Theileria annulata in the Sudan. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens (TTP5), 29th August – 2nd September 2005. University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland, pp.154 – 157.

  30. Mohamed, A. S.; El Malik, K. H. and Hassan, S. M. (2005). Drop off rhythm and survival periods of Amblyomma lepidum (Acari: Ixodidae) under field conditions. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 36 (3): 225 – 232. PMID 16132736.

  31. Mohamed, A. S.; Al Malik, K. H. and Hassan, S. M. (2005). Recovery rates, feeding and detachment periods of Amblyomma lepidum (Acari: Ixodidae) engorged on sheep under field conditions. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research. 20: 45 – 48.

  32. Salih, D. A.; Ahmed, J. S.; Bakheit, M. A.; Ali, E. B.; El Hussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Shariff, O. E.; Fadl; M. and Jongejan, F. (2005). Validation of the indirect TaSp enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnosis of Theileria annulata infection in cattle. Parasitology Research. 97(4): 302 – 308. PMID 16052361.

  33. Salih, D. A.; Shariff, O. E.; Lazarus, A. G.; Hassan, S. M. and El Hussein, A. M.; (2005). Natural infection rates and transmission of Theileria annulata by Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum ticks in the Sudan. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. 72: 303 – 307. PMID 16562733. 3 3

  34. Salih, D. A.; Hassan, S. M.; Bakheit, M. A.; El Hussein, A. M.; Jongejan, F. and Ahmed, J. S. (2005). Application of the Indirect TaSP Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for diagnosis of Theileria annulata infection in cattle. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens (TTP5), 29th August – 2nd September 2005. University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland, pp.163 – 166.

  35. Khairalla M.S Khairalla, Badr E. Hago, Tigani Hassan, Ali, A Majid, El-Amin Dafalla, Abdulrahim E. Karrar and Imadeldin E. Aradaib (2005), Rapid Detection of Pork in Processed Food Using Polymerase Chain Reaction Amplification Technology: Preliminary Report, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 8(3), 501-504.

  36. Mohamed A.M. Yousof, I. E. Aradaib, Khairalla M.S.Khairalla, M.A. Abdalla. A. R. E. Karrar and A. R. M. El Hussein (2005), Evaluation of RT-PCR for Rapid Detection of Sudanese Isolates and Vaccine Strains of Newcastle Disease Virus, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 8(3), 418-420.

  37. Metabolic Diseases and Their Effect on Production and Reproduction of Cross – bred Dairy Cows in Sudan. ( 2005 ). PhD Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan.

  38. Bakhiet, A.O, Abdel Gadir, W. S. Yagoub, S.O. EL Badwi, S.M.A., and Adam, S.E.I.(2005).Response of of Bovan chicks to low level of dietary Ambrosia martima and Linum usitatissimum or their mixture. Suez Canal Veterinary Medicine Journal, VIII, (1) 137.

  39.  Abdel Gadir, W. S. Bakhiet, A.O, EL Badwi, S.M.A., and Adam, S.E.I. (2005). Experimental Carbamizole (Neomercazole) toxicosis in Nubian goats. Suez Canal Veterinary Medicine Journal, VIII, (1) 147.

  40. Khairalla , M. S. Khairalla, Badr E.Hago, TIGANI HASSAN, Ali. A.Majid, El-Amin Dafalla. Abdul Ekarrar and Imadeldin, E. Aradaib. (2005). Rapid Detection of pork in processed food using Polymerase Chain Reaction Amplification technology : A preliminary Report. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sci.8(3):501– 504.

  41. Salah El Din Abd El Hagg , Shaddad, S. A. and HASSAN, T. (2005). Status of some chemical and biochemical parameters of camel blood in the rainy season in the Sudan. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances . 4(8) : 713 – 715.

  42. Salah El Din Abd El Hagg , Shaddad, S. A. and HASSAN, T. (2005). Intoxication by consumption of raw camel liver . Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 4 (8) : 710 – 412.

  43. Salah El Din Abd El Hagg , Shaddad, S. A. and HASSAN, T. (2005). Chemical and biochemical parameters of feline blood in Khartoum . Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 4(8) : 708 – 709.

  1. Hafeez Y M, Zuki ABZ, Loqman M Y,Yusof N, Asnah H, Noordin M M (2004). Glycerol preserved bovine pericardium for abdominal wall reconstruction: Experimental study in rat model. The Medical Journal of Malaysia 69:  Supplement B: 117-118. 

  1. Loqman M Y, Wong C M, Hair-Bejo M, Zuki ABZ, Hafeez Y M (2004). The use of freeze-dried bovine pericardium (FDBP) in diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in dogs. The Medical Journal of Malaysia 69: Supplement B: 113-114. 

  2. Abdel Rahaim A.G., Elmahdi, B., Asha E. Faki, and Amin, A. E. (2004). Serum Copper and Copper Oxidase (Caeruloplasmin) Activity in the Ostrich (Struthio camelus). The Sudan. J. Vet. Res. 19: 99-101

  3. L. Elabbas, N.Stern, D. Wahlström, C. Trossvik, I. Chu and H.Håkansson. (2004). Hepatic Vitamin A Status in Rats after Perinatal Exposure to A Mixture of Persistant Pollutants Present in the Blood of Arctic Populations (abstract). Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 197, (3), 242

  4. Eisa , E. I, A. B. abdalla and D. I. osman 2004. Morphology of the spleen of the camel: gross anatomy , Sud. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 43 (A&2)(190-19

  5. Osman D.I , M.tefera, D. M. nyarik and S.biryomumaisho 2004. Traning manual for community animal health worlers / paravets DHP publication series No. 8, Ossrea , Ethiopia.99 pages.

  6. Zaki, A.Z.S.A. and Suleiman, K.M. (2004). Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia in the Sudan. Inception workshop on the control of CBPP and CCPP in the Sudan. Min. Anim. Res. Fish. and Min. Sc. Tech. in collaboration with FAO (Project TCP/SUD/3001 A). 12th October. Khartoum. Sudan.

  7. Ibrahim, A.A.Basamt S.Abdelghadir 2004. Isolation and   characterization of  ETEC causing diarrhoea in calves and man.  (Msc thesis )

  8. EL Jalii, I.M., Bahaman, A.R, Mohd-Azmi, M. L., Mutalib, A.R. and Ali, A.S. (2004). Polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of human leptospirosis.. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 3 (4) 183-189.

  9. EL Jalii, I.M., Bahaman, A.R, and Ali, A.S. (2004). Plasmid analysis for differentiation of leptospiral isolates. Journal of Science and Technology. 5 (1) 120-126.

  10. El Jalii, I. M., Bahaman, A. R., Mohd-Azmi, M. L. and Mutalib, A. R. (2004). A review of human leptospirosis in Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine. 21 (2):113-119

  11. El Jalii, I. M., Bahaman, A. R., Mohd-Azmi, M. L. and Mutalib, A. R. (2004). A review of human leptospirosis in Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine. 21 (2):113-119

  12. Saeed, I.K; A.I.Khalafalla, S.M.El Hassan, M.A.El Amin (2004)
    Peste de Petit Ruminants (PPR) in the Sudan: Investigation of recent outbreaks, virus isolation and cell culture spectrum. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3 (6) 361-365.

  13. El Hassan. O.M., A.I.Khalafalla, S.M.El Hassan (2004). Detection of antibodies against camel contagious ecthyma in Sudan using passive hemagglutination test (PHT). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3 (6) 381-387

  14. Abdelaziz, S.A; Khalafalla, A.I; Ali, A.S and S.M.Elhassan (2004). Newcastle disease in village chickens in the Sudan. Survey of disease incidence and Isolation of the causative virus.  Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3 (1):36-38.

  15. El Hassan. O.M., A.I.Khalafalla, S.M.El Hassan (2004). Detection of antibodies against camel contagious ecthyma in Sudan using passive hemagglutination test (PHT). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3 (6) 381-387.

  16. Khalafalla, A.I (2004).  Biological properties of camel contagious ecthyma virus. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the Association of International Tropical Veterinary  Medical Institutes, August, 23-27, 2004, Sunway lagoon Resort Hotel, PJ, Malaysia, pp 278-280.

  17. Ali, Y.H; A.I.Khalafalla; M.E.Gaffar; I. Peenze & A.D.Steele (2004).  Detection and isolation of group A rotavirus from camel calves in Sudan.  Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the Association of International Tropical Veterinary  Medical Institutes, August, 23-27, 2004, Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel, PJ, Malaysia, pp 302-304.

  18. Khalafalla, A.I; M.Büttner and H.-J. Rziha (2004). Camel contagious ecthyma: virus isolation in cell culture, molecular identification and antibody detection (sent for publication).

  19. Hommeida A, Nakao T and Kubota H. Luteal Function and Conception in Lactating Cows and Some Factors Influencing Luteal Function after First Insemination. Theriogenology 62, 217-225. (2004).

  20. Elzubeir, F. O.A and Elsheikh, A. S. (2004) Reproductive performance of cross-bred Sudanese dairy cows treated with GnRH during early postpartum. J. Anim. Vet. Advances. 3(5): 329-334.

  21. Elsheikh, A.S. and Ahmed, F.O. (2004). The effect of administration of PGF during early postpartum on  reproductive efficiency of cross-bred dairy cows in the Sudan. J. Anim. Vet.  Advances. 3(8): 495-499.

  22. Elsheikh, A.S., Takahashi, Y. and Kanagawa, H. (2004). Possible involvement of DNA topoisomerase II enzyme in the process of meiotic arrest in mouse metaphase II oocytes. J. Anim. Vet.   Advances. 3(11): 784-788.

  23. Elsheikh, A. S., El naiem, W. M.,; Abdalla, H.O., Mohammed E.  M. (2004) Feeding castor beans to cyclic Nubian goats induces luteolysis of the corpus luteum. Sudan journal of animal production. Sudan J. of Anim.Prod. 17, 32-44.

  24. Babiker, E.A. and Makawi, S.A. (2004). Fertility of fresh and frozen – thawed semen of Nubian, Saanen and Crossbred bucks in Sudan. Sudan J. of Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb. 43 (1,2): 54-62.

  25. Babiker, E.A. and Makawi, S.A. (2004). Influence of extender on survival of cooled diluted and frozen – thawed semen of Nubian, Saanen and Crossbred bucks. Sudan J. of Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb. 43 (1,2): 63-71.

  26. Babiker, E.A. and Makawi, S.A. (2004). Effect of season on the freezability of semen in Nubian, Saanen and crossbred bucks. Sudan J. of Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb. 43 (1,2): 72-80.

  27. Makawi, S.A.; Osman, M. S. and Babiker, E.A. (2004). Influence of season on cryopreservation of semen from Kenana bulls. Sud. J.Anim. Prod. Vol. 17 (in press).

  28. O. Ali, H. Martens and C. Wegeler (2004). The absorptive capacity of sheep omasum is modulated by the diet. Proceeding of 12th International conference on production disease in farm animals (ICPD), Michigan state university, USA, P 289.

  29. Abdelaziz, S.A.; Khalafalla, A.J.; Ali, A.S. and El Hassan S.M. 92004). Newcastle disease in village chickens in the Sudan. Survey of disease incidence and isolation of the causative virus. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 3(1): 36-38.

  30. Saeed, I.K.; Khalafalla, A.I.; El Hassan S.M. El Amin, M.A. (2004). Peste de Petit Ruminants (PPR) in the Sudan: Investigation of recent outbreaks, virus isolation and cell culture spectrum. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(6): 361-365.

  31. El Hassan, O.M.; Khalafalla, A.I.; El Hassan, S.M. (2004). Detection of antibodies against camel contagious ecthyma in Sudan using Passive. Hemagglutination test (PHT). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(6): 381-387.

  32. Khalafalla, A.I.; Abedelaziz; S.A.; El Hassan S.M. (2004). Increasing family poultry production in the Sudan through Newcastle disease control and improving housing. Proceeding of a final research co-ordination meeting organized by FAO/IAEA. Division of nuclear Techiques in food and agriculture, held in IAEA, Vienna 24-28 May, 2004

  33. Abdelaziz, S.A; Khalafalla, A.I; Ali, A.S and S.M.Elhassan (2004). Newcastle disease in village chickens in the Sudan. Survey of disease incidence and Isolation of the causative virus. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3 (1):36-38.

  34. Assessment. Proceedings of the Final Research Co-ordination Meeting Organized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture and held in Vienna, 24 – 28 May 2004.IAEA-TECDOC-1489, pp 220-227.

  35. M.A. Bakheit, L. Schnittger, D.A. Salih, K. Boguslawski, D. Beyer,   M. Fadl and J.S. Ahmed (2004). Application of recombinant

    Theileria annulata surface protein in an indirect ELISA for the diagnosis of tropical theileriosis. Parasitol Res, 92: 299-302.

  36. Aradaib, I. E.; and Ali, N. O. M. (2004).  Current status and future prospects of epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer – a review. Veterinarski Arhiv, 74-(1): 63-83.

  37. AL– Sultan , S. and Gameel , A.A. Histopathological changes in livers of  broiler chicken supplemented with Turmeric(Curcuma longa). International J. Poultry Sci., 3,333-336, 2004

  38.  E.M.E. Abu Elzein , F.M.T. Housawi ,  A.I . Al-Afaleq, R.O. Ramadan . A.A . Gameel , , and  O . Al-Gundi , Clinicopathological Response of Dromedary Camels and Sheep to Cross-Experimental Infection with Two Virulent Orf Viruses Originating From Camels and Sheep . J . Cmels Pract & Res . 11 No. 1 , 15 – 19 . 2004

  39. E.M.E. Abu Elzein , F.M.T. Housawi , Y. Bashareek      A.A . Gameel , A.I . Al-Afaleq , Servere PPR Virus Infction in Gazelles Kept Under Semi Free Range Conditions . J . Vet Med . Series B , 51 , 68 – 71 , 2004 .

  40. 103.  F.M.T. Housawi , E.M.E. Abu Elzein , G. Mohamed ,  A.A . Gameel , A.I . Al-Afaleq , A. Hegazy , B. Al-Bishr , Emergence of PPR Virus Infection in Sheep in Eastern Saudia Arabia Rev . Elv . Med . Vet Pays Trop. 57 ( 12 ) : 31 – 34 , 2004

  41.  F.M.T. Housawi , E.M.E. Abu Elzein , A.A . Gameel , A.M. Mustafa , A.I . Al-Afaleq , & A. Al-Hulaibi . Severe Auzdyk Infection in One Month Camels Calves ( Camelus dromedriuus ) .Veterinarski arhiv 74    ( 6 ) 467 – 474 , 2004 .

  42.  F.M.T. Housawi , E.M.E. Abu Elzein , R.O. Ramadan , A.A . Gameel , A.I . Al-Afaleq , and G. Al-Musa . Stillbirths & Deformities Associated with Bluetongue Virus Infection in Sheep at Al-Ahsa Oasis , Eastern Saudia Arabia . Rev . Sci . Tech . off Int . Epiz . Vol 23 : 913 – 920 , 2004.

  43.  N.A.Al-Humam, A.M.Al-Dughaym , G.E.Mohammed, F.M.Housawi, A.A.Gameel. Study on the Isolation and Pathogenicity of Pasteurella multocida Type A in Calves . Pakistan J . Biol . sci . 7 ( 4 ) 460 – 463 , 2004 .

  44.   E.M E Abu Elzein , F.M.T Housawi , A.L.Al-Afaliq A.A.Gameel and R.O.Ramadan . A Note on Experimentally Induced  Severe Camel Orf ( Auzdyk Disease ) in Dromedary Camel . J. Camel Practice and Res . 11 ( 2 ) : 101-102 , 2004

  45. El Hussein, A. M.; Abdel Magid, A. M. and Shawgi, M. H. (2004). Present status of tick-borne diseases in Sudan. Archs. Inst. Pasteur Tunis, 81: 31 – 34. PMID 16929763.

  46. Morita, C.; El Hussein, A. M.; Matsuda, E.; Abdel Gabbar, K. M. A.; Muramatsu, Y.; Abdel Rahman, M. B.; Eleragi, A. M. H.; Hassan, S. M.; Chitambo, A. M. and Ueno, H. (2004). Spotted fever group Rickettsiae from ticks captured in Sudan. Japan Journal of Infectious Diseases. 57: 107 – 109. PMID 15218219.

  47. Salih, D. A.; Hassan, S. M.; El Hussein, A. M. and Jongejan, F. (2004). Preliminary survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle in Northern Sudan. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. 71: 319 – 326. PMID 15732459.

  48. Elamin, E. A. (2004). Parasitic Diseases of the camel. Journal of Science and Technolgy ( King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology) 29: 18-23 {In Arabic}

  49. Al-Atiya, S. A., Elamin, E.A., Al-Jabr, O.A. and Al-Ankari, A.S. (2004).      Cryptosporidium oocysts in white-cheeked bulbuls. The Veterinary Record

                154:640.

  50. Abakar, A.D., Elamin, E.A. and Osman, Y.A. (2004). Haematological   and biochemical changes following concurrent infection with coccidia and  Haemonchus contortus in desert lambs. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(10):644-648.

  51. Abakar, A.D., Elamin, E.A., Osman, Y.A. and  Osman, H.M. (2004). Coccidial infection of sheep in Khartoum State. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(10):649-652.

  52. Elias, S. and Elamin, E.A. (2004). Pssible role of Culez spp. in the transmission of microfilaria in one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries). Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 43(1&2):244-245.

  53. Ahmed E.M.Saeed, Elfatih, I .AlKarim, Babiker M, Ahmed. Saad,A.M. Kamal E, Ibrahim, Mutasim I Suleiman

    and Suad .M, Suleiman(2004)A Comparitive Study on the Antischistosomal Activity of Praziquantel and three Derivatives

    of its Hydrolysis Product Against S.mansoni;Saudi Pharm J 12: 72-80.

  54.  Suleiman.M.I, AlKarim .E.I, Ibrahim K.E.E., Saad.A.M., Mohammed.A.E., Ahmed.B.M., and SuleimanS.M.,(2004) Antischistosomal Effects of Praziquantel ,its   Alkaline Hydrolysis and Sun Decomposed Products on Experimentall S. mansoni Infected Albino Mice (A) Efficacy Assessment Based on Clinicopathological Findings.JEgyt.Soc Parasitol 34:131-142.

  55. Ibrahim, I.A., EL Badwi, S.M.A., Abdel Gadir, W.S., Bakhiet, A.O., Yagoub, S.O. and Adam, S.E.I. (2004). Susceptibility of Bovan chicks to low dietary level of Ammi visnaga and Artemisia herba-alba. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 46, 67.

  56. Seri, H. I. , HASSAN, T. , Salih , M. M., Abacar, A. D. , Ismail, A. A. and Tigani , T. A. (2004) Therapeutic efficacy of doramectin Injectable against gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys (EQUUS ASINUS) in Khartoum , Sudan . Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(11) : 726 – 729.26-             

  57. Seri, H. I. , HASSAN, T. , Salih , M. M., Abacar, A. D (2004). A survey of gastrointestinal nematodes of donkeys (EQUUS ASINUS) in Khartoum State, Sudan. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(11) : 736 – 739.27-             

  58. Seri, H. I. , HASSAN, T. , Salih , M. M., Abacar, A. D (2004) Incidence and monthly prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in donkeys ( EQUUS ASINUS) in Khartoum State , Sudan. 11th Sci. Cong. 2004, Fac, Vet. Med. Assiut univ., Egypt . 22 – 29.

  59. Aradaib, I. E., M. E.H. Mohammed; N. O. M. Ali; A. A. Majid; S, H. Idris; A. E, Karrar, 2004. Asimple and Rapid method for Detection of African horse sickness virus serogroup using RT-PCR. Veterinary Research Communication (Accepted).

  60. Aradaib. I E. Karrar, A. E. 2004. Rapid detection of pork in processesd food using polymerase chain reaction ampilification technology. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances (Accepted).

  61. Aradaib, I. E., Karrar, A. E. 2004. Molecular characterization of a member of the palyam orbiviruses serogroup recovered from sheep in South Africa. Veterinary Research Communication(Accepted).

  62. Elamin, S. M., Karrar, A. E.; Mohammed , M. M.; Majid, A.A.; Aradaib, I. E. 2004. Comparison of dsRNA profiles of Sudanese isolates of epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer virus. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (accepted).

  63. Elamin, S. M., salih, M.M, . Omer, R. A., Abdalla, M. A., Aradaib, I. E., Karrar, A. E. 2004 . Detection of Bluetongue Virus Serogroup in Cell Culture Using RT-PCR. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (accepted).

  64. Elamin, S. M. M.; Omer, R. A.; El Nahas A. E. ; Karrar, A. E.; Aradaib, I.E 2004. A complementary DNA (cDNA) Probe for detection of Sudanese epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serogroup. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances (Accepted).

  65. Rihab A. Omer;Elamin, S. M. M.; Omer, R. A.; El Nahas A. E. ; Karrar, A. E.; Aradaib, I.E 2004. PCR for detection of Echinococus granulosus strains in Tamboul. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (In press).

  66. Elamin, S.M.M; Karrar, A. E.;; Majid, A. A.; Elamin, S. M.; Salih; Aradaib, I. E 2004. Detection of Sudanese isolates of Palyam serogroup of orbiviruses using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (Accepted).

  67. Elamin, S. M., Karrar, A. E.; Mohammed , M. M.; Majid, A.A.; Aradaib, I. E. 2004. Comparison of dsRNA profiles of Sudanese isolates of epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer virus. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (accepted).

  68. Elamin, S. M., salih, M.M, . Omer, R. A., Abdalla, M. A., Aradaib, I. E., Karrar, A. E. 2004 . Detection of Bluetongue Virus Serogroup in Cell Culture Using RT-PCR. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances 3 (11): 671-674.

  1. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (2003).  Morphological, morphometric, and histochemical characteristization of the gastric mucosa of the camel ‘Camelus dromedaries’.  Anatomia, Histologia, and Embryologia, 32, 42-47.
  2. O. A. Abdelsalam; O. F. Idris; N. M. Elbagir; H. I. Seri (2003). Effect of Cymelarsan and T. evansi infection on thyroid hormones (T4 and T3) profile in female camels “Camelus dromedarius”. Proceedings of the 7th Sci. Cong. Egyptian Society for Cattle Diseases 7-9 Dec. 2003, Assiut, Egypt. Pp. 330-333.
  3. O. M. Abdalla, Nabiela M. El Bagir and N.I. Ali (2003) Preparation of Ferritin Immunogen and raising of antiserum for Immunoradiometric assay “2nd International conference on chemistry and its applications.” December – 6-8 April, Doha Qatar
  4. Ibrahim, A.A and Magda ,M.Helmi .2003.Prevalance of HCV-Abs in  various groups screened for HBV at Khartoum Teaching Hospital. (Msc thesis )
  5.  Ibrahim, A.A and Salma ,A.M. Masri . 2003.Isolation and  Identification  of aerobic  bacteria associated with eye infection  in humans  (Msc thesis )
  6. Ali, A.S., Mohd-Azmi, A.L. and El Jalii, I.M. (2003). Different immunogenic peptides of pseudorabies virus detected by sera prepared in different animal species. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 10: 572-575.
  7. Russ, A. K., El Jalii, I.M., Bahaman, A. R., Tue. A and Ismail, G. (2003). Seroepidemiological study of leptospirosis among the indigenous communities living in the periphery of crocker range park, Sabah, Malaysia. Asian Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation.
  8. EL Jalii, I.M., Bahaman, A.R, Mohd-Azmi, M. L., Mutalib, A.R. and Ali, A.S. (2003). Polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of human leptospirosis. Conference on Endemic and Infectious Diseases in the Sudan. Khartoum. 126, Suda
  9. Khalafalla, A.I; G.A. El Dirdiri (2003). Laboratory and field investigation of live attenuated and inactivated camelpox vaccines. Journal of camel Practice and Research.10 No.2, 191-200.
  10. Abdelaziz, S.A; Khalafalla, A.I and Ali, A.S (2003). Newcastle disease in the Sudan. Prevalence of antibodies against the disease.  Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr. 50 No 2,117-119.
  11. Hassan, W; A.I.Khalafalla (2003). The effect of age of chickens on the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of Newcastle disease virus thermostable (I 2) vaccine under Sudan conditions. Sudan J. Veterinary Research Vol.18, 15-24.
  12. Elsheikh, A.S, Takahashi, Y., Nagano, M. and Kanagawa, H (2003). Manipulated  mouse embryos as bioassay system for water quality control. Reprod. Dom. Anim.   38: 204-208
  13. Elsheikh, A. S and Kanagawa, H. (2003). Improvement of mouse egg microdissection.Sudan Journal of Basic Sciences (B). 8:55-69.
  14. Yagoub, M.M. and Elsheikh A.S (2003).Puberty in Sudanese Nubian goats: the effect of GnRH. J. Anim.Vet. Advances. 2 (11): 607-610.(After promotion to Associate Professor) 
  15. Abdoun, K., Wolf, K., Arndt, G., Martens, H. (2003). Effect of ammonia on Na+ transport across isolated rumen epithelium of sheep is diet dependent. British Journal of Nutrition90: 751-758.
  16. Stumpff, F., Abdoun, K., Wolf, K., Martens, H. (2003). Electroneutral sodium transport in sheep ruminal epithelium cells is regulated by NH4+ influx via a potassium channel. Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology 445 (Suppl.): S66, P 07-3.
  17. Stumpff, F., Martens, H., Wolf, K., Abdoun, K. (2003). Modulation of electroneutral Na transport in sheep rumen epithelium by luminal ammonia.Proceedings of the 25th Conference of the German Veterinary Association: 166-177.
  18. Abdelaziz, S.A; Khalafalla, A.I and Ali, A.S (2003). Newcastle disease in the Sudan. Prevalence of antibodies against the disease. Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr. 50 No 2,117-119.
  19. Ali, N. O. M. (2003). An investigation of CRK protein kinases of Leishmania and the assessment of their potential as drug targets. PhD. thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum.
  20. Ali, N.; Karrar, A. E.; Majid, A. A.; Mohammed, M. H.; and Aradaib, I. E. (2003).  RNA Genome Profiles of Some Sudanese and South African Serotypes of Bluetongue Virus Using Agarose Gel Electrophoresis and SDS-PAGE. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2 (6):358-361.
  21. Abu Elzein , E.M.E. Housawi , F.M.T. Gameel , A.A. AL- Afaleq , A.I. and EL Bashir , A.M. Sheep – Associated malignant catarrhal fever involving 3 – 5 week old calves in Saudi Arabia  J. Vet. Med., B , 50 , 53 – 59, 2003 .
  22. Hassan, S. M. (2003). Integrated tick management with particular reference to the Sudan conditions. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 283 – 296.
  23. Hassan, S. M. and Osman, A. M. (2003). Ecological and biological factors determining population dynamics of ticks. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 15 – 38.
  24. Osman, A. M. and Hassan, S. M. (2003). The ecology and distribution of the East African tick Amblyomma lepidum. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 39 – 45.
  25. Abdel Rahman, M. B.; Salih, D. A.; ElHussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Abdel Rahim, A. I.; Hamid, M. E. and Majid, A. A. (2003). Diagnosis of tick-borne diseases. II: Cowdriosis. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 228 – 238.
  26. Ali, A. M. A.; ElRabaa, F. M. and Hassan, S. M. (2003). Water relations of two Sudanese strains of the genus Hyalomma. I: Water loss from Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma dromedarii under laboratory conditions. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal
    Husbandry. 42(1/2): 105 – 118.
  27. Ali, A. M. A.; ElRabaa, F. M. and Hassan, S. M. (2003). Water relations of two Sudanese strains of the genus Hyalomma. II: Water uptake by Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma dromedarii under laboratory conditions. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 119–127
  28. ElOwni, E. S.; Hassan, S. M. and Bakheit, M. A. (2003). A study on Old World Screwworm fly. Indices of expected danger in the Sudan. Agriculture and Development in the Arab World. 22 (2): 9 – 16. (In Arabic).
  29. Salih, D. A.; ElHussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Abdel Rahman, M. B.; Abdel Rahim, A. I.; Hamid, M. E. and Majid, A. A. (2003). Diagnosis of tick-borne diseases. I: Theileriosis. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 219 – 227.
  30. Salih, D. A.; ElHussein, A. M.; Majid, A. A. and Hassan, S. M. (2003). Molecular techniques in diagnosis of tick-borne diseases in the Sudan. Overview. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 207 – 218.
  31. Shariff, O. E.; ElHussein, A. M.; Hassan, S. M.; Salma, K.; Salih, D. A. and Majid, A. A. (2003). Establishment of Theileria culture system in the Sudan. A mini review. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 42(1/2): 147 – 158
  32. Hassan, S. M.; El Hussein, A. M.; Abdel Rahim, A. I.; Osman, A. M.; Ismail, A. A.; Khalafalla, A. and Salih, D. A. (2003). Proceedings of the Third National Workshop on Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases in the Sudan, Khartoum, Sudan 18 – 20 August 2003. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Vol. 42 (1, 2). 397 pp.
  33. Al-Ankari, A.S., Elamin, E.A., Al-Atiya, S. A., and Al-Jabr, O.A. (2003). First report of Variolepis farciminosa (Cestoda: Hymenolepididae) and Dipoltriaena tridens (Nematoda: Diplotriaenoidea) infecting crested larks, Galerida cristata,  from Hofuf, Al-Ahsa Oasis, Saudi Arabia. Comparative

    Parasitology 70(1): 97- 98.

  34. Koko, W.S., Galal, M. and Abdalla, H.S. (2003). Gastro-intestinal parasites of the Gezira goats, central Sudan. J. Anim. & Vet. Adv., 2 (7): 392-395.
  35. Koko, W.S., Abdalla, H.S. and Galal, M. (2003). Caprinme fascioliasis in Gezira Sudan. J. Anim. & Vet. Adv. 2 (7): 396-399.
  36. Khairalla M.S. Khairalla (2003), Toxicity and Anti-inflammatory activity of Haplophylum tuberculatum and Aristolochia bractaeta in Laboratory animals , M.V. Sc. Thesis. University of Khartoum Library, Khartoum, Sudan.

  37. Abdel Gadir, W. S. Onsa, T.O. Ali, W. E. M., El Badwi, S. M. A. and Adam, S. E.I. (2003). Comparative Toxicity of Crotan macrostachys, Jatropha curcas and Piper alyssinica seeds in Nubian goats Small Ruminant Research, 48, 61-67.(After promotion to Associate Professor)

  38. Karrar, A. E.; Aradaib, I. E ; Majid, A. A.; Elamin, S. M.; Salih; Osburn, B. I.. 2003. Detection of Sudanese isolates of Palyam serogroup of orbiviruses using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances 2 (12): 671-674.

  39. Aradaib,I.E.; Abdalla, M. A.; Karrar, A. E.; Osburn, B. I. 2003. Detection of North American Orbivirus serogroup using RT-PCR. Veterinariski Arhiv 73:123-130

  40. Abdalla, M. A.; Aradaib, I. E.; Karrar, A. E.; Osburn, B. I. 2003. PCR detection of Sudanese isolates of Bluetongue virus serogroup. Veterinariski Arhiv 73:311-318.

  41. N., A. Ali ; Karrar, A. E.; Mohammed , M. M.; Majid, A.A.; Aradaib, I. E. 2003. RNA genome profiles of some Sudanese isolates of Blue tongue virus using agarose gel electrophoresis and SDS-PAGE. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advancement.6: 358-362.

  42. Aradaib, I. E.; Karrar, A. E.; Mohammed , E.H.M.; Elamin, S.M.; Salih, M.M. 2003. Simultaneous Detection and differentiation of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 1 and 2 using RT-PCR. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advancement 10: 584-588.

  43. Karrar, A. E.; Aradaib, I. E ; Omer, R. A., Majid, A. A.; Elamin, S. M.; Salih; Osburn, B. I. 2003. Characterization of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serogroup recovered from sentinel cattle at Shambat. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances 11: 611-614.

  44. Karrar, A. E.; Aradaib, I. E ; Majid, A. A.; Elamin, S. M.; Salih; Osburn, B. I. 2003. Characterization of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serogroup recovered from sentinel cattle at Shambat. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances 10: 611-614.

  45. Karrar, A. E.; Mohammed , E.H.M.; Elamin, S.M.; Salih, M.M. Aradaib, I. E. 2003. Detection and differentiation of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 1 and 2 using RT-PCR. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advancement 10: 584-588.

  46. N., A. Ali ; Karrar, A. E.; Mohammed , M. M.; Majid, A.A.; Aradaib, I. E. 2003. RNA genome profiles of some Sudanese isolates of Blue tongue virus using agarose gel electrophoresis and SDS-PAGE. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advancement.2(6):358-362.

  47.  Aradaib,I.E.; Karrar, A. E.;Abdalla, M. A; Osburn, B. I. 2003. Detection of North American Orbivirus serogroup using RT-PCR. Veterinariski Arhiv 73: 123-130

  48. Abdalla, M. A.; Aradaib, I. E.; Karrar, A. E.; Osburn, B. I. 2003. PCR detection of Sudanese isolates of Bluetongue virus serogroup. Veterinariski Arhiv 73: 311-318.

  49. Aradaib, I.E. ; Karrar, A. E. ; Mohammed, M. E. H. 2003. Molecular characterization of GP 18 virus isolate, a member the palyam serogroup of Orbiviruses, recovered from Culicoides schltzei in Shambat, Central Sudan. Journal of Science and Technology(In press).

  50. Aradaib I.E. Mohammed, M.E.H.; Karrar, A. E.; Ibrahim, K.E.E.; Osburn, B.I. 2003. Detection of Australian palyam serogroup of orbiviruses using antigen derived from Sudanese GP18 orbivirus isolate. Journal of Science and Technology (In press).

  51. Aradaib, I. E.; Mohammed , E.H.M.; Karrar, A. E; Omer, R. A.; Elamin, S.M.; Salih, M.M.. 2003. Molecular Charaterization of Sudanese and North American serotypes of Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advancement.2(6):358-362.

  1. Morphology and morphometry of the liver of the camel (Camelus dromedaries), 2002, thesis University of Khartoum, Sudan. 

  2. M. A Barsham, N. M. El Bagir M.E.S. Barri and O.F. Idris (2002) Goiter in Camels (Camelus dromedarius) at Dar Fur Region of The Sudan. Third annual meeting for animal production under arid conditions. Camel Production and future perspectives. United Arab Emirates, Alain 2-3 March
  3.   Nawal S. O, D. I. osman and A. B. Abdalla 2002. The heart of the dromedary -1 histology . Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 4 (1&2): 1-13.

  4. Nawal S. O, D. I. osman and A. B. Abdalla 2002. The heart of the dromedary -2 histology . Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 4 (1&2): 14-23.

  5. Nawal S. O, D. I. osman and A. B. Abdalla 2002. The heart of the dromedary -1 histology . Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 4 (1&2): 24-36.

  6. Nawal S. O, D. I. osman and A. B. Abdalla 2002. The heart of the dromedary with special reference to the coronary vessels and the conduction system. 10th Sci. Cong. Assiut university, pages 11-25.

  7. EL Jalii, I.M., Bahaman, A.R, Mohd-Azmi, M. L. and Mutalib, A.R (2002). Sero-prevalence of human leptospirosis in representative population in Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine19: 97-101.
  8. Saeed, E. M. A., El Sanousi, S. M. (2002). Antibiotic sensitivity of Klebsiella isolates derived from man and animals. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 41 (1&2), 47-55

  9. Saeed, E. M. A., El Sanousi, S. M. (2002). Biochemical characteristics of Klebsiella strains isolated from man and animals. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 41 (1&2), 56-62

  10. Khalafalla, A.I ; S.Awad and W.Hassan (2002). Village poultry production in the Sudan. In: Characterization and parameters of family poultry production in Africa. Results of a FAO/IAEA Co-ordination Research Program, IAEA, Vienna. pp 87-93.
  11. Abdoun, K. A. , Abdelatif , A. M.  and  Hamza, A. N. (2002). Effects of   induced  hypothyroidism on laying hens’ performance and  survival under Sudan summer conditions .  Sudan   J.    Vet.    Sci.    and  Anim.   Husb. , 41( 1 , 2)  123-128.

  12.  Elkhair, N. M. and Abdelatif , A. M. (2002). Effects of dietary supplementation level of carbimazole  on  physiological responses of male Bovan broiler  chicks during summer conditions . Sudan  J.  Vet.   Sci.   and  Anim.  Husb.  , 41(1,2) : 133-141.

  13. Abdoun, K., Abdelatif, A. M., Hamza. A. N. (2002). Effects of induced hypothyroidism on laying hen performance under Sudan Summer conditions. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 41 (1-2): 70-76.

  14. Abdoun, K., Abdelatif, A. M., Hamza, A. N. (2002). Effects of induced hypothyroidism on laying hen performance under Sudan summer conditions. Proceedings of the Society of Nutritional Physiology11: 172.

  15. Elkhair, Nawal M. (2002). Effects of Season on the Physiological Responses of Chicks to Hypothyroidism, M. V. Sc Thesis, University of Khartoum.

  16. Elkhair, Nawal M. and A. M. Abdelatif. (2002). Effect of dietary supplementation level of carbimazole on physiological responses of male Bovan chicks during summer conditions. Sud. J. Vet. Anim. Husb., 41 (1&2): 108-121.

  17. Khalafalla, A.I ; S.Awad and W.Hassan (2002). Village poultry production in the Sudan. In: Characterization and parameters of family poultry production in Africa. Results of a FAO/IAEA Co-ordination Research Program, IAEA, Vienna. pp 87-93.
  18. Ali,N.O.M. (2002). AJ426476: Leishmania mexicana mexicana partial cyca gene for cyclin gi|18676380|emb|AJ426476.1|LME426476[18676380].
  19. Gameel , A.A. and Bakhsh , A.A. Non – parasitic hepatic cysts in Camels (Camelus dromedaries) . J. Camelpractice and Res , 9(1) . 79 – 82 ,2002 .
  20.  EL Sanousi , S.M. Gameel , A.A. Hassan , A.B. and EL Tom , K.H.A. Haemorrhagic meningoencephalitis.First report in Sudan . J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , 63 ,23 , 2002 .

  21. Kaaya, G. P. and Hassan, S. M. (2000). Entomogenous fungi as promising biopesticides for tick control. Experimental and Applied Acarology 24(12): 913-926. PMID 11354619
  22. Hassan, S. M. (2002). Diagnosis of external parasites of farm animals. In: National Training Course on Laboratory Diagnosis of Parasites infecting Farm Animals. Arab Organization for Agricultural Development of League of Arab States, Khartoum. 1 – 10 July 2002
  23. Sulieman, MS and Hamid, ME. ( 2002).Identification of Acid – fast Bacteria from Caseous Lesions in cattle in Sudan. J. Vet. Med., B, Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health, 2002. Vol: 49, 415 – 415.

  24. El Agraa, S. E. I. . El Badwi, S. M. A. and Adam, S.E.I. (2002). Preliminary observations on experimental Ruta graveolens Toxiciosis in Nubian goats. Tropical Animals Health and Production, 34:271-281.

  25. El Agraa, S.E.I. El Badwi, S. M. A. and Adam, S.E.I. (2002). Susceptibility of Nubian goats to Oral administration of Ricinus communis I. Seeds. Suez Canal Veterinary Medicine Journal, I, 425.

  26. Aradaib, I.E. 2003 ; Karrar, A. E. ; Mohammed, M.E. H. 2002. Molecular characterization of GP 18 virus isolate, a member the palyam serogroup of Orbiviruses, recovered from Culicoides schltzei in Shambat, Central Sudan. Journal of Science and Technology (In press).

  1. Taha, AAM (2001).  Absence of the left coronary artery in a calf.   Indian Veterinary Journal, 78, 926-928.
  2. Abdel-Magied,EM, Taha, AAM, Al-Qarawi, AA and Al-Faki, MG (2001). The parotid, mandibular and retropharyngeal lymph nodes of the camel (Camelus dromedaries). Anatomia, Histologia, and Embryologia, 30, 199-203.
  3. L. Alabbas. (2001). The Effect of Different Management Systems on Vitamin A Levels in Cows and Goats in Sudan (abstract). Published in the abstract book of the conference Bioavailability of Micronutrients in Relation to Public Health (Bioavailability 2001); Switzerland, Interlaken, May 29-June 1, 2001.
  4. O. A. Abdelsalam, O. F. Idris N. M. El Bagir and A.I El Shafie (2001) Effect of Cymelason and T. evansi on Progesterone profile in Female Camel (Camelus dromedarius).The International Twin Camel Conference. Charleston- South Carolina October 13-15 U.S.A
  5. Carraresi S, Shatir, Tahani S M, Martelli F and Zaccanti G. Accuracy of a Perturbation Model to Predict the Effect of Scattering and Absorbing Inhomogeneities on Photon Migration, Appl. Opt. 40, 4622-4632, September 2001
  6. Tahani S.M. Shatir. Investigationof Photon Migration Through Highly Diffusing Media in the Presence of Inhomogeneities, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana,2001
  7.  Osman E.E, D.I. osman and A. M Ali 2001. Histological observations of the stomach of the dromedary camel (camelus dromederis . camel news letter No. 18 (44-52).
  8. osmanE.E, D.I. osman and A. M Ali 2001. Gross anatomy of the stomach of the dromedary camel(camelus dromederis . camel news letter No. 18 (53-61).
  9. Osman D. I. and M.M. Ali 2001. Manual for paravets (73 pages) dry land husbandry project (sponsored by Sweden).
  10. Zaki, A. & Abdalla, A. E. (2001). Bacteriological Studies on Sheep Pneumonia.  Sud. J. Vet. Res. 16: 43-47.
  11.  · Zaki, A.Z.S.A. (2001). Ph.D. Thesis: Investigations on Cultivation of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae in Goettingen Bioractor and Production of an Inactivated Vaccine against Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia. Gött. Beitr. Land-Forstwirtsch. Trop. Subtrop. 146. ISBN: 3-88452-407-0
  12. Ibrahim, A .A. ; K.A. Hassaballah and A.I.Khalafalla .2001.  Physiochemical and biological properties of canary, pigeon, dove and fowl box viruses isolate in     Khartoum . (Msc thesis)
  13. Khalafalla, A.I  and  S.Awad (2001). Epidemiology of Newcastle disease in village poultry in the Sudan. In: Livestock Community and Environment, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Association of International Tropical Veterinary  Medical Institutes, August, 20-23, 2001, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp 181-187.
  14.  Khalafalla, A.I (2001). Common skin diseases of camels in the Sudan. Proceedings of the 9th Arab Veterinary Conference, Baghdad, Iraq.Ali, Y.H; Khalafalla, A.I; Intisar.K.Saeed (2001).  Seromonitoring of Infectious bursal disease (IBD) antibodies in some poultry flocks in Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. & Anim. Husb. 40 (1, 2), 45-55
  15. Ph.D 2001 Thesis title: Environmental manipulations to minimize thermal stress in laying hens in a hot, humid climate (B)  Contribution to Journals and Proceedings
  16. Abdoun, K., Martens, H. (2001). Role of diet in interaction between ammonia and Na+ transport across isolated ruminal epithelium of sheep in vitro. Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the German Veterinary Association: 362-368.

  17. Khalafalla, A.I and S.Awad (2001). Epidemiology of Newcastle disease in village poultry in the Sudan. In: Livestock Community and Environment, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Association of International Tropical Veterinary Medical Institutes, August, 20-23, 2001, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp 181-187.

  18. Ali,N.O.M. (2001). AJ426472: Leishmania donovani donovani mRNA for cdc2-related kinase 3 (crk3 gene) gi|18076012|emb|AJ426472.1|LDO426472[18076012].

  19. Dughaym , A.M. ; Fadl Elmula , A. ; Mohamed G.E. ; Hegazi , A.A. ; Radwan , Y.A. Hosawi , F.M.T.and Gameel , A.A. First report of an outbreak of ovine septicemic listeriosis in Saudi Arabia. Rev. Sci. Tech. off. Int. Epiz., 20, 777-783,  2001.

  20. Pharamcotoxic Activity and Efficacy of Doramectin in Goats (2001), M.V.Sc thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
  21. Okello-Onen, J.; Hassan, S. M.; Essuman, S; Kariuki, D. P. and Mbogo, S. K. (2001). Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) reported for the first time in Kenya. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa. 49: 146 – 149.

  22. Izhag, M.Y., Elamin, E.A. and Osman, A.Y. (2001).Sudanese camel (Camelus dromedaries) as a host for Toxoplasma gondii, Cystoisospora felis and Cystoisospora rivolta. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 40:75-82

  23. Abakar, A.D., Elamin, E.A. and Osman, Y.A. (2001). The interaction of coccidian and Haemonchus contortus infection in desert lambs. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research 16:15-25.
  24. Elamin, E. A., Ramadan, O. R., Fatani, A. E., Al Atiya, S. A.  and Abdin-Bey, M. R. (2001).   Prenatal infection with a hydatid cyst in a camel (Camelus dromedarius). Veterinary Record 149: 59 – 60. 

  25. Izhag, M.Y., Elamin, E.A. and Osman, A.Y. (2001). Camels experimentally infected with Sarcocystis. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research 17:27-33
  26. Kheir, S.M. Abdalla, H.S. and Dipeoluo, O.O. (2001). Repeated infestation and immunization of rabbits with crude or partially purified antigens derived from Amblyomma variegatum, Accepted for publication: Sudan J. Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb. 40.
  27. Elrayah, A.S., Abbas,K,.Saad,A,M,.Elzubeir E..,(2001).Response of Broiler Chicks to Dietary Protein  Levels with

    Graded Levelsof Mono Sodium L-Glutamate.. Sud .J .Vet .Sc.Anim .Husb 40: 63-74.

  28. radaib I.E.,Bushara .H.O.,Abbass.B.B.,Saad .A.M.,and Taylor M.G.,(1995) Evaluation of  Schistosoma bovis Whole Egg Antigen for Immunization of  Calves Against Experimental Schistosomiasis ,Prev.Vet.Med. 21:339-345.
  29.  Saad. A.M.,AlMajid B.Y.,and Aradaib I.E.,(1995).Immunisation of  Calves with Adult Worm Antigen of Schistosoma bovis Sud .J. Vet Sc ,11:76-77.

  30.  Idris, O. F. , Seri , H. I., Elsadig , A. A. , HASSAN, T. and Barka, O. Z. (2001). Some biochemical aspects of Ivermectin ( Ivomec) subcutaneously administered to camels ( Camelus dromedarius) . Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 40(1&2) , 141 – 146.

  31. Seri, H. I. Barsham, M. A. HASSAN, T. , Baraka, O. Z. and AlSalam, O. A. (2001) Some Biochemical changes of Ivermectin (Ivomec) intravenously administerd to camels ( Camelus dromedarius ). Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. Vol. 40(1&2). 162 – 188.

  1. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (2000). Light and electron microscopic study of the thyroid gland of the camel (Camelus dromedaries).  Anatomia, Histologia, and Embryologia, 29, 331-336.
  2. Isamil MH, Mukhtar MM & Hager IE (2000). Pathogenesis of RBOK vaccine and Rinderpest virus Saudi 1/81 virulent strain in susceptible Angus breed calves. Sudan J. Vet. Res. 16:21-26.
  3. Hamad AA, El Hassan IM, Ahmed GI, El Khalifa AA, Abdelrahim SA, Theander TG & Arnot D. (2000). Chronic P .falciparum infections in an area of low intensity malaria transmission in the Sudan. Parasitology 120: 447-456.
  4. El Mubarak HS, Van De Bildt MW, Mustafa OA, Vos HW, Mukhtar MM, Groen J, El Hassan AM, Niesters HG, Ibrahim SA, Zijlstra EE, Wild TF, Osterhaus AD & De Swart RL. (2000). Serological and virological characterization of clinically diagnosed cases of measles in suburban Khartoum. J Clin Microbiol. 38(3):987-91.
  5. Taha, AAM (2000).  A case of congenital abnormality of the left coronary artery in bovines. .   Saudi Biological Society twentieth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Al-Hafouf.
  6. Taha, AAM (2000). الدليل لتشريح المجترات الأليفة    (refereed Arabic translation of ” Guide to the Dissection of Domestic Ruminants” (ed. R.E.Habel, 1989).  Scientific Publisher-King Saud University, Riyadh.

  7. Lubna, E. Elabbas and Nabiela, M. El Bagir. (2000). The Effect of Different Management Systems on Vitamin A Levels in Cows and Goats in Sudan. Sud. J. Vet. Anim. Husb. 39, (1&2), 34-41
  8. Saeed, E. M. A., Elamin, E.A. and Elbashir, M. O. A. (2000). Investigation of cameline trypanosomiasis in mid-eastern Sudan using AgELISA in conjunction with parasitological examination (Poster). In Book of Abstracts of German Tropical Day 2002 and the web
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  10. Khalafalla, A.I (2000). Camel breeds in the Sudan.  Al Buhuth  , Vol.8. No.1, pp 233-241. Proceedings of the 4th Scientific Conference, National Centre for Research. Khartoum , Sudan.

  11.  Izzeldin, B. and Kassim, H. (2000). The effect of light and darkness on acclimatization of laying hens. Asian-Australisian Journal of Animal Sciences 31 (5): 694-697.

  12. Izzeldin, B. and Kassim, H. (2000). Catheterization of medial planter metatarsal vein for serial blood sampling and injections in laying hens. Malaysian Applied Biology.

  13. Musa, T.M. Johans, K.L. and Shigidi, M.T. A. (2000): Brucella organisms isolated in the Sudan, Species Biovars associated with indigenous animals. Sudan J. Veterinary Research 16و 23-28.

  14. Musa, T.M.Johans, K.L and Shigidi, M.T.A. (2000). Brucella organisms isolated in the Sudan. II; Antibiotic sensitivity test results and resistogram Profiles. Sudan. J. Veterinary Research 17, 66-71.

  15. Abdoun, K., Martens, H. (2000). Luminal pH dependent effect of ammonia on Na+ transport across the ruminal epithelium of sheep in vitro. Proceedings of the Society of Nutritional Physiology9: 127.

  16. Isamil MH, Mukhtar MM & Hager IE (2000). Pathogenesis of RBOK vaccine and Rinderpest virus Saudi 1/81 virulent strain in susceptible Angus breed calves. Sudan J. Vet. Res. 16:21-26.

  17. Hamad AA, El Hassan IM, Ahmed GI, El Khalifa AA, Abdelrahim SA, Theander TG & Arnot D. (2000). Chronic P .falciparum infections in an area of low intensity malaria transmission in the Sudan. Parasitology 120: 447-456.

  18. El Mubarak HS, Van De Bildt MW, Mustafa OA, Vos HW, Mukhtar MM, Groen J, El Hassan AM, Niesters HG, Ibrahim SA, Zijlstra EE, Wild TF, Osterhaus AD & De Swart RL. (2000). Serological and virological characterization of clinically diagnosed cases of measles in suburban Khartoum. J Clin Microbiol. 38(3):987-91.

  19. Fadl, M. Babiker, H. l., Bakheit, M.A., A\Rahman, A.H. (2000). Prevalence of Trypanosoma vivax in cattle in central Sudan. Animal Trypanosomosis Diagnosis and Epidemiology. Pub: Bachhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands-ISBN 90-5582-065-X.pp.111-119.
  20. Gameel, A.A., Alhendi, A.B., Ramadan, R.O. and Dafalla, E.M. The incidence of foreign bodies in the stomach of camels (Camelus dromedaries) J. Camel Res. & Pract. 7, 159-161, 2000.
  21. Gameel, A.A., and Ramadan, R.O. Papillary cystadenoma of the sweat gland (Hidradenoma) in ewe. Scientific J., King Faisal University 1(1), 79-84, 2000.

  22. Gameel, A.A. Congenital muscular dystrophy in lambs. The 20th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Al-Ahssa , 1-3 Feb. 2000. Abstracts ,  P 5.

  23. Ramadan, R.O., Mohamed, G.E.A., Al- Doghaym,. A.M. Gameel, A.A. and Abdin-Bey,. M.R. Clinicopathological and bacteriological study on mastitis in She-camel. The 20th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Al-Ahssa , 1-3 Feb. 2000.   Abstracts ,  P 7.
  24.   Altabari, G and Gameel, A.A. Spontaneous cardiac lesions in camels. The 20th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Al-Ahssa , 1-3 Feb. 2000.  Abstracts ,  P 9.

  25. Gameel, A.A.,Bakhsh, A., and Altabari,G. Hepatic congestion in camels. The 20th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Al-Ahssa , 1-3 Feb. 2000.  Abstracts ,  P 12.

  26.  Ramadan , R.O.; Mohamed , G.E. ; Gameel , A.A.; Radwan , Y;  Abdin – Bey , M.R . and Al – Jaber , K.A. Clinicopathological studies on ruminal  foreign bodies in camels . The 20th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Al-Ahssa , 1-3 Feb. 2000.  Abstracts ,  P 123 .

  27. Gameel , A.A ; Ramadan , R.O. Abomasal impaction in sheep and goats . The 20th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Al-Ahssa , 1-3 Feb. 2000.  Abstracts ,  P 126

  28. Abakar, A.D., Elamin, E.A. and Osman, Y.A. (1990-2000). Clinical response to experimental Haemonchus contortus infection in desert lambs. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research 16:1-10.
  29. Izhag, M.Y., Elamin, E.A. and Osman, A.Y. (1999-2000).Coccidian oocysts and sporocysts isolated from dogs ( Canis  familiaris) fed camel (Camelus dromedaries) meat. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research 16:11-16.
  30. Mukhtar, M., Sharief, A., Sati, S., Harith, H., Higgazzi, A.T., Adam, A. and Abdalla, H.S. (2000). Detection of antibodies to Leishmania donovani in animals in Kalazar endemic region, eastern Sudan: a preliminary report. Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 99:  1-4.
  31. Abdalla, H.S., El-Shimeri, A. and Latif, N.A. (2000). Some observations on malaria in Taiz area. 1st Sci. Conf. on Environ. And Nat. Res. (April, 2000).
  32. Identification of Acid- fast Organism Isolated from Slaughtered Cattle in Sudan.( 2000). M.V. Sc. Thesis. University of Khartoum, Sudan.

  33. Makawi, S.A., N.S. Hammali, O.S. Ali and B.A. Elsharif (2000). Comparison of laboratory and field results of Friesian semen processed with Tris and whole milk diluents in the Sudan. Sudan J. of Scientific Research, 8 (1) : 162 – 176.

  34. Abdalla, M.A; Omer R.A.; Karrar A.E; Mohammed M.E.H; Aradaib, I.E.; Osburn, B.I. 2000. Experimental palyam virus infection in Nubian goats. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 39: 116-121.

  35. Aradaib, I.E.;Moderos, R ; Karrar, A. E., Ibrahim, K.E.; Osburn, B.I. 2000. Evaluation of epizootic   hemorrhagic disease virus infection in sentinel cattle from the San Joaquin Valley of California. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 39: 1-14.

  1. Taha, AAM, Mohamed, MK and Abdel-Magied, EM (1999).  Anatomy of the sublingual salivary gland of the Dromedary.  Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 6, 323-328.

  2. Kaske,M. Elmahdi, B., Engelhardt, W.V. Sallmann.H.P.(1999). Insulin Responsiveness in Sheep, Pigs, Ponies, Horses and Camels: a comparative study. South Afri. J. of Anim. Sci. 29,214.
  3. . Elabbas, E. Lubna. (1999). Biochemical and Immunological Studies on Vitamin A. M.V.Sc Thesis. U of K library. Fact. Vet. Sci.
  4. A.G.Abdel Rahim, Eiman, T.E. Abdalla and Nabiela M El Bagir (1999) Effects of feeding different levels of Sugar Cane Molasses to Broiler chicks Feed Intake weight gain, Efficiency of feed utilization and dressing percentage. Sud. J. Vet. Scie. Anim. Hus. 38 (1&2) 93-101.
  5. A.G.Abdel Rahim, Eiman, T.E. Abdalla and Nabiela M El Bagir  (1999) Effects of feeding different levels of Sugar Cane Molasses to Broiler chicks: Plasma Cu concentration, and the activity of plasma enzyme, Copper oxidase  (Ceroplasmin). Sud. J. Vet. Scie. Anim. Hus…38 (1&2) 118-123.
  6. Zaki, A. & Boehnel, H. (1999). Cultivation of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneuminae using the Continuous Culture Technique. International Symposium: Mycoplasmas of Ruminants. COST Action, Toulouse, France, June 2-4  1999
  7. El Jalii, I. M., Bahaman, A. R., Sinniah, M., Mutalib, A. R. and Mohd-Azmi, M. L. (1999). Occurrence of human leptospirosis in Malaysia: A retrospective study. Tropical Biomedicine. 10:1-5
  8. Aksoy, M., Takahashi, Y., Hishunuma, M., Elsheikh, A.S., Tanaka, H. and Kanagawa, H. (1999).

    Influence of retrieval stages and glutathione addition on post- thaw viability of quick frozen mouse morula during in vitro culture. Theriogenology, 51: 681-687.

  9. Mohamed, E.H., EzzEldin, B. Ismail and Abdel Rahim, S. A. Sayed (1999). Hastospiculum macrophallos (Nematoda: Diplotriaenoidea) from a Nile monitor lizard (varanus niloticus). Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies 2, 1, 91-93.
  10. Elhadi, H. M. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (1999).  Veterinary education in the Sudan, world Veterinary Congress, Lyon, France.

    Musa M.T., Shigidi M. T. A. and Saaed O. M. (1999).  Brucellosis in humans associated with animals.  Saudi Med. J. 20(4), 311-315.

  11. جعفر محمد الحسن، محمد طهشقدى وعبد العزيز مكاوى (1999) واقع ومستقبل التعليم التقنى الزراعى فى السودان ، المؤتمر القومى عن حاضر ومستقبل التعليم التقنى بالسودان الخرطوم 1999م-111-118
  12. Abdoun, K., Martens, H. (1999). Effect of ammonia on Na+ transport across the ruminal epithelium of sheep in vitro.Proceedings of the Society of Nutritional Physiology 8: 87.
  13. Floret, F. Chaudhary, L. C., Ellis, W. C., El Hassan, S. M., McKain, N., Newbold, C. J. and Wallace, R. J. (1999).  Influence of 1- [(E) – 2 – (2- Methyl – 4 –Nitrophenyl) Diaz- 1- enyl] Pyrrolidine – 2- Carboxylic acid and diphenyliodonium chloride on ruminal protein metabolism and ruminal microorganisms.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65: 3258–3260.
  14. Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Gameel, A.A., Ramadan, R.O. and Housawi, F.M. An eruptive moderate form of camelpox infection in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Saudi Arabia. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz, 18, 749-752, 1999.
  15. Abu Elzein E.M.E., Gameel, A.A., Al-Afaleq, A.I., et al., Observations on the recent epizootic of bovine ephemeral fever in Saudi Arabia. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., 18, 672-680, 1999.

  16. Okello-Onen, Joseph, Hassan, Shawgi Mohamed and Essuman, Suliman, (1999). Taxonomy of African Ticks: An Identification Manual. 124 pp. ICIPE Science Press, Nairobi. 125 pp. ISBN 92 9064 1274
  17. Abdalla, H.S. (1999). Infectivity and virulence of Trypansoma evansi isolates in the Sudan. TTIQ, 22 (2): 52.
  18. Seri, H. I. Husna, M. ElBashir , Idris, O. F., HASSAN, T. and Baraka, O. Z. (1999 ) Effect of Ivermectin on progesterone profile in the camel ( Camelus dromedarius). Pharmacological Res, 16, 17 – 22.

  19. Aradaib, I.E;Ibrahim, K. E. E.; Karrar, A. E.; Osburn, B.I.. 1999. A review on the diagnosis of orbivirus infection in Veterinary Medicine. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 38: 1-29.

  20. Mohammed, M.E.H.; Mukhtar, M.M.; Ibrahim, K.E.E.; Karrar, A.E.; Osburn, B.I. Aradaib,I.E. 1999. RNA genome profiles of Sudanese isolates of palyam virus serogroup using PAGE and agarose gel electrophoresis. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 38: 30-35.

  21. El Hassan,O. O. Karrar A.E., and Mohasin El Nur Abdel Rahman (1999). Response of Seven Day Old Chicks to Vaccination with a Mesogenic and a Lentogenic Strain of Newcastle Disease Vaccine in Drinking Water. The Sud.J.Vet.Sc.Anim.Husb.Vol.38 (1,2)P:150-156)

  22.  El Hassan, O. O., Karrar A.E., and Mohasin El Nur Abdel Rahman (1999). The Immune Response of Baby Chicks to LaSota Newcastle Disease Vaccine Administered at Different Concentrations in Drinking Water. The Sud.J.Vet.Sc.Anim.Husb.Vol.38 (1,2) P:157-161).

  23. El Hassan O.O, Karrar A.E., and Mohasin El Nur Abdel Rahman (1999). A Study of two Routs of Administering Newcastle Disease at Different Environmental Conditions. The Sud.J.Vet.Sc.Anim.Husb. 38 (1,2) P: 143-149 )

  1. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (1998).  The parotid, mandibular and lateral retropharyngeal lymph nodes of the camel.   Saudi Biological Society seventeenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jubail and Yanbu.

  2. Taha, AAM and Abdel-Magied, EM (1998).  Anatomy of the pancreas of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries).  Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 5(1), 57-60.

  3. Taha, AAM (1998). موجزات التشريح الطيري  (refereed Arabic translation of ‘ Outlines of Avian Anatomy (ed. A.S. King & J.McLelland, 1975)’.  Scientific Publisher- King Saud University, Riyadh.
  4. O. M. Abdalla, Nabiela M. El Bagir and N.I. Ali(1998) Raising of antiserum and development of IRMA serum ferritin “International symposium in modern trends in radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis and therapy”. Lisbon, Portugal, 30 March- 3 April.
  5. Elamin, E. A., Elbashir, M. O. A.  and Saeed, E. M. A. (1998). Prevalence and infection pattern of Trypanosoma evansi in camels in mid-eastern Sudan. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 30, 107-104
  6. Khalafalla, A.I; Z.Abbas and M.E.H.Mohamed (1998). Camel papillomatosis in the Sudan. Journal of camel Practice and Research 5: 157-159.

  7. Gitao, C.G; H.Agab and A.I.Khalafalla (1998). Outbreaks of Dermatophilus congolenses infection in camels (camelus dromedarius) from Butana region in eastern Sudan.  Revue sci. tech. Off. int.Epiz., 17(3) 743-748.
    Gitao, C.G; H.Agab and A.I.Khalafalla (1998). A Comparison of camel Dermatophilos in Kenya and Sudan.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 849, 461-464.

  8. Gitao, C.G; H.Agab and A.I.Khalafalla (1998).  An outbreak of a mixed infection of Dermatophilus congolensis and Microsporum gypseum in camels in Saudi Arabia.  Revue sci.tech. Off. int.Epiz., 17 (3); 749-755.

  9. Khalafalla, A.I (1998). Ortho- and parapox virus infections of camels in the Sudan. Proceedings of the 8th Arab Veterinary Conference, 24-28 March 1998, Friendship Hall, Khartoum, Sudan.pp 276-281

  10. Khalafalla, A.I (1998).  Epizootiology of camelpox, camel contagious ecthyma and camel papillomatosis in the Sudan. Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting for Animal production Under Arid Conditions. Vol.2: pp115-131, United Arab Emirates University Press.

  11. Khalafalla, A.I;  M.E.H.Mohamed; A.M.Sobhi and M.I.Zaidan (1998). Isolation and identification of camel contagious ecthyma virus in the Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. and Anim.Husb 37 (1-2 ( 49-56.

  12. Gitao, C.G; H.Agab and A.I.Khalafalla (1998( . Camel Dermatophilosis in Kenya, Sudan and Saudi Arabia. Proceedings of the Third Annual Meeting for Animal production Under Arid Conditions. Vol.2: pp93-107, United Arab Emirates University Press.

  13. Khalafalla, A.I; M.E.H.Mohamed and H.Agab (1998). Serological survey in camels of the Sudan for prevalence of antibodies to camepox virus using ELISA technique. Journal of camel Practice and Research 5 (2) 197-200.

  14. Khalafalla, A.I; M.E.H.Mohamed and B.H.Ali (1998).  Camel pox in the Sudan. 1- Isolation and identification of the causative virus.  Journal of camel Practice and Research 5 (2) 229-233

  15. Khalafalla, A.I and M.E.H.Mohamed (1998). Camel pox in the Sudan. 2- Some properties of camelpox viruses isolated in the Sudan.  Journal of camel Practice and Research 5 (2) 235-238

  16. Esheikh, A.S., Takahashi,Y., Katagiri, S. and Kanagawa, H. (1998).Functional enucleation of mouse metaphase II oocytes with etoposide. Jpn.J.Vet.Res. 45: 217-220.
  17. Ahmed, M.M., Makawi, S.A. and A.S. Jubara (1998). Synchronization of oestrus in Nubian goats. Small Ruminant Research, 30: 113 – 120
  18. Amna Elnur, Latif, A.A., A\Rahman. A.H, Bakheit, M.A. and Fadl, M.    (1998). prevalence of bovine trypanosomisis in Khartoum State. A         paper presented in the Third Research Co-ordination Meting of the          joint FAO\IAEA division, Entebbe Uganda 5-9 October 1998.
  19. Ali, N. O. M. (1998). Molecular features of the Leishmania donovani cell cycle. MSc. Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Science (Department of Parasitology), University of Khartoum.
  20. Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Coloyan, E.R., Gameel, A.A. , Ramadan, R.O. and Al-Afaleq, A.I. Camel contagious ecthyma in Saudi Arabia. J. Camel Practice and Res., 5(2): 225-228, 1998.
  21.  Al-Afaleq, A.I., Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Gameel, A.A. and Hassanein, M.M. Experimentation with a virulent avian paramyxovirus –1isolate in pigeons. Bull. Anim. Hlth, Prod. Afr. 46, 119-124, 1998.

  22. Gameel, A.A., Hijazi, A.A. and Yassin, N. Primary brochioloalveolar adenocarcinoma in a dromedary camel (Camelus dromedaries) Vet. Rec. 142, 252, 1998.

  23.  Eltabari, G., Gameel, A.A. and Hatem, M.,E. Pathological and Bacteriological investigation on traumatic injuries in the carcasses of slaughtered camels. The third international meeting on camel production and future perspectives. Al-Ain, U.A.E., May 2-3, 1998.

  24.  Hegazy, A.A., Eltabari, G., Gameel, A.A., Hussein, Y.A. and Hatem, M.E. Non-specific hepatic degeneration and fibrosis in camels (Camelus dromedaries). Presentation to the third International Meeting on Camel Production and Future Perspectives. Al-Ain, U.A.E., May 2-3, 1998

  25. Gameel, A.A. and Abu Elzein, EME. Experimental bovine ephemeral fever in calves. Presentation to the 18th annual meeting on ecological pollution and biological aspects of Saudi Arabia. Yanbu Al-Sinayah, Feb. 24-26, 1998.
  26.  Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A., Mohamed G.E.E. and Al-Hammadi, M.H. Hemimelia and peromelia in goats in Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Vet. J. 18, 104-106, 1998.

  27. Elamin, E. A., El Bashir, M. O.A. and Saeed, E. M. A. (1998). Prevalence and

    infection pattern of Trypanosoma evansi in mid-eastern Sudan. Tropical Animal Health and Production  30 : 107 – 114.

  28. Gasmir, G.S., Osman, A.Y., Elamin, E.A. and Halima, M.O. (1997-1998). A Survey of enteric coccidian of cattle in the Sudan. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research 15:43-48.
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  31. Abdella, G.A., El Badwi, S. M.A. El Amin, A. and Adam, S.E. I. (1998). The effects of Amitraz poisoning in Nubian goats. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 37, 92.9-

  32. Ali, W. E. M. El Badwi, S.M. A., Abdel Salam, I. S. El Amin, A. and S.E.I. Adam (1998). Experimental Indigofera obtongifolia Toxiciosis in Nubian goats. The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 99.

  33. Mona, A.Babiker, Karrar A.E., and M.El Nasri, (1998). Fowl Pox in Khartoum State, The Sud.J.Vet.Sc.Anim.Husb.Vol.37 (1.2) P:43-48)35. Siham E.S., Karrar A.E., and El Amin, Salah, M.M. (1998) Prevalence of Eimeria spp. In Nubian Goats in Khartoum State (Short Communication), The Sud.J.Vet.Sc.Anim.Husb.Vol.37 (1.2) P:193-194).
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  2. Khalafalla, A.I and M.E.H.Mohamed (1997). Epizootiology of camel contagious ecthyma in Eastern Sudan.  Revue Elev.vet. Pays trop 50 (2), 99-103

  3. Esheikh, A.S., Takahashi,Y., Hishunuma, M. and Kanagawa, H.(1997). Effect of encapsulation on development of mouse pronuclear stage embryos in vitro. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 48: 317-324.

  4. Nagano, M., Takahashi,Y., Esheikh, A.S. and Kanagawa, H. (1997). Effect of water quality used for preparation of culture media on fertilization rate and development in vitro of bovine embryos. The 24 th Conference, Japanese Society of Veterinary Science.Page 53. No. III 3-2

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  3. Khalafalla, A.I and M.E.H.Mohamed (1996). Clinical and epizootiological features of camelpox in eastern Sudan.  Journal of camel Practice and Research (2) , 99-102
  4. Tingari, M.D. & Osman, A.M.M. (1996). Government University Relations with Particular Reference to Sudan (to be published by the Association of African Universities as part of a research project on Management of Higher Education Systems in Africa).
  5. Tingari, M.D. et. al. (1996). The appraisal of the infrastructure, administrative, academic and financial matters of the new public universities in the Sudan. A comprehensive report in three volumes submitted to the Federal Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research
  6. El Hassan, S. M., Newbold, C. J., Edwards, I. E., Topps, J. H.and Wallace, R. J., (1996).Effect of yeast culture on rumen fermentation, microbial protein flow and live weight gain in bulls fed high cereal diets.  Anim. Sci. 62:43-48.
  7. Alhendi, A.B., Gameel, A.A. and Ramadan, R.O. Possible hypoplasia of the reticulum in a cow, Canadian Vet. J., 37(7),, 442-443, 1996
  8. Kheir, S.M., Abdalla, H.S. and Dipeoluo, M. (1995-1996). Detection of immune response of rabbits to repeated feeding of Amblyomma varigatum (Acari: Ioxdidae). Sudan J. Vet. Res. 14: 41-50.
  9. Saad, S.M. and Abdalla, H.S. (1996). Check-list of the parasite of wildlife in Sudan during the period 1975-1990. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb. 35 (1, 2): 130-133.
  10. Mohammedain, K.M. Mohamed, O.S.A. El Badwi, S.M.A., and Adam, S.E.I. (1996). Effect of feeding Tamarindus indica ripe fruit in Brown Hisex chicks. Phytotherapy Research. 10. 631.

  1. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (1995).  Ultrstructure of the carotid body of the goat.  Anatomia, Histologia, and Embryologia, 24, 159-164.
  2. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (1995).  A comparison of the structure of granular cell type in the epithelium of the camel with Paneth cells of the rabbit.  Journal of the King Saud University 7, Science (1), pp. 51-62.
  3. Abdel-Magied,EM, Taha, AAM and Abdel-Razig, N. (1995).  The nasal mucosa of the camel:  a histological study.  Saudi Biological Society sixteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, p.69.
  4. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (1995).  The structure of the enterendocrine cells of the camel. .  Saudi Biological Society sixteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, p.71.
  5. Khalafalla, A.I; Z.Abbas and M.A.Elamin (1995). Lumpy skin disease in the Sudan. Light and electron microscopic characteristics of the skin lesion. Sudan J. of Veterinary Research 14, 9-14
  6. Esheikh, A.S., Takahashi,Y., Tanaka, H., Hishunuma, M. and Kanagawa, H. (1995). Electrofusion of mouse embryonic cells in electrolytes and their development in vitro. Jpn. J.Vet.Res. 43: 125-134.
  7. Ahmed, M. M. M. and Abdelatif, A. M. (1995) . Effects of dietary protein level on thermoregulation, digestion and water economy in desert sheep . Small Rumin.   Research , 18(1) : 51-56.

  8. El Hassan, S. M., Lahlou-Kassi, A., Newbold C. J. and Wallace, R. M. (1995).  Antimicrobial factors in African multipurpose trees. in: Rumen Ecology Research Planning,   Proceeding of a Workshop held at International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, March 1995. (Wallace, R. J., ed) pp 43-54.
  9. Gameel, A.A., Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Housawi, F.M.T. Agib, A. and Ibrahim, A.O. Clinico-pathological observations on naturally occurring contagious ecthyma in lambs in Saudi Arabia. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays. Trop., 48(3): 233-235, 1995.
  10. Latif, A. A.; Rowlands, G. J.; Punyua, D. K.; Hassan, S. M. and Capstick, P. B. (1995). An epidemiological study of tick-borne diseases and their effects on productivity of zebu cattle under traditional management on Rusinga Island, Western Kenya. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 22(3): 169-181.
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  12. Kheir, S.M. and Abdalla, H.S. (1995). A study of tsetse and tabanid flies in south eastern Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 34 (1, 2): 16-22.
  13. Kheir, S.M. and Abdalla, H.S. (1995). Bovine trypanosomiasis in south eastern Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci., Anim. Husb. 34 (1, 2): 22-28.
  14. Abdalla, H.S. and Saad, M.B. (1995). Camel hydatidosis in the Sudan. 17th International Congress of Hydatidolgy, Limassol, Cyprus (Read by Dr. A.S. Sawi).
  15. EL Badwi, S. M. A., Adam, S.E.I. And Hapke, H. J. (1995). Comparative toxicity of Ricinus communis and Jatoropha curcas seed on Brown Hisex chicks. Vet. And Hum. Toxicology, 34, 112.4
  16. El Badwi, S. M. A., Adam, S. E. I. and Hapke, H. J. (1995). Comparative toxicity of Ricinus communis and Jatoropha curcas on Brown Hisex chicks. Deutsche Tieraztliche Wochenechrift, 102, 75.
  1. El Bagir Nabiela, H. Fuhrman M. Lechner Doll and H.P. Sallman (1994) Effects of feed withdrawal and dehydration on selected blood parameters of Camels. VIII ISRP Satellite Symposium. Physiology of digestive and metabolism of Camelids.3-4 Oct. in Hannover, Germany

  2. osman D. I. , K. M. benhaj and S. E. A. M. gameel 1994. breeding pattenrs of the male dromedary camel. A review article second univ. med. Conf. zag. Univ. vo. 1(356-364).

  3. Taha, AAM, Abdel-Magied, EM, Abdall, MA and Abdall, AB (1994).  The poll gland of the Dromedary (Camelus dromedaries): ultrastructural characteristics.

  4. Anatomia, Histologia and Embroyologia, 23, 269-274.

  5. Taha, AAM, El-Mougi,SA and Abdel-Magied, EM (1994).  The distribution of the coronary arteries of the one-humped camel. Saudi Biological Society,fifteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

  6. Taha, AAM, El-Mougi,SA and Abdel-Magied, EM (1994).  The distribution of the coronary arteries of the one-humped camel. Saudi Biological Society,fifteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

  7. Taha, AAM and Abdel-Magied, EM (1994). Some anatomical studies on the thyroid gland of calf and adult camel. Veterinary Medical Journal, Giza, 42(1), 101-107.

  8. Abdel-Magied, EM, Taha, AAM, and El-Mougi,SA (1994).  The structure of the intestinal villi of the camel “Camelus dromedaries”.  Veterinary Medical Journal, Giza, 42 (3), 121-126.

  9. Khalafalla, A.I (1994). Isolation and characterisation of lentogenic Newcastle disease viruses from apparently healthy chickens in the Sudan. Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr., 42; 179-182.

  10. Khalafalla, A.I; Agab, H.A.M and B. Abbas (1994). An outbreak of contagious ecthyma in camels (camelus dromedaries ( in eastern Sudan. Trop.Anim.Hlth & Prod . 26, 253-254

  11. Abdelatif , A. M. and Ahmed, M. M. M. (1994). Water  restriction, thermoregulation , blood constituents and endocrine responses in Sudanese desert sheep .  J.  Arid  Environ. , 26 (2) : 171-180.

  12. Ahmed  , M. M. M. and Abdelatif , A. M. (1994). Effects of restriction of water and food intake on thermoregulation, food utilization and water economy in desert sheep .  J.  Arid Environ. , 28 (2): 147-153.

  13.  Hamid, H. R. , Abu  Nikheila, A. M. , Abdelatif , A. M. and Schurmeyer, T. H. (1994). Studies on thyroid hormones of graded dairy cows in Sudan. Exp. Clin.  Endocrinol, , 120C, Supplement 1.

  14. Abdelatif , A. M.  and  Modawi, S. M. (1994). Effcts of  hyperthermia on blood constituents in the domestic rabbit (Lepus cuniculus).  J.  Therm.  . Biol.. , 19 (6): 357-363.

  15. Abdelatif, A. M. and Mohamed, I. E. (1994). Effects of  ration supplementation with sorghum  grain on physiological responses and some  productivity traits  of  lactating desert goats . Bull. Zool. Soc.  , 42 : 149-158.

  16. Abdelatif , A. M. and Modawi, S. M. (1994) . Responses of  blood constituents in the rabbit  to  intermittent  heating . Bull. Zool. Soc.   ,  42 : 139-147.

  17. El Hassan, S. M., Newbold, C. J., and Wallace, R. J. (1994).  The effect of yeast in the rumen and requirement for viable yeast cells. Anim. Prod., 56; 463 (Abstract).

  18. El Hassan, S. M., Newbold, C. J. and  Wallace, R.J. (1994).  The effect of yeast culture addition to diets of grass and grass silage on rumen bacterial numbers.  Anim. Prod., 58, 451 (Abstract)

  19. Newbold, C. J., EL Hassan, S. M. Wallace, R. J., Chen, X. B., Coodchild, A.V. and Arthand, L. (1994).  Influence of African multipurpose trees on activity of rumen protozoa and bacteria in vitro.  Anim. Prod., 58, 461 (Abstract).
  20. Gameel, A.A.Correlation between antimortem and postmortem diagnosis in animals with nervous signs. Presentation to the 15th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Makkah 29-31 March 1994. Abstract P. 141.
  21.  Gameel, A.A., El-Shazly, M.O., Ali, A.S. and El-Sabaei, A.E. Diffuse pulmonary collapse in sheep. Presentation to the 15th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Makkah 29-31 March 1994. Abstract P. 140.

  22.   Alhendi, A.B., Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Gameel, A.A. and Hassanein, M.M. A slow-spreading mild form of camel pox infection. J. Vet. Med. B 41, 71-73, 1994.

  23.   Gameel, A.,A., Ali, A.S., Razig, S.E., Brown, J., Alhendi, A.B. and El-Sanousi, S.M. A clinico-pathological study on spontaneous paratuberculosis in camels in Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Vet. J., 14, 15-19, 1994

  24. Hassan, S. M.; Dipeolu, O. O. and Malonza, M. M. (1994). Natural attraction of livestock ticks by the leaves of a shrub. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 26(2): 87-91. PMID 7941035.
  25. Latif, A. A.; Abdalla, H. M;. Hassan, S. M.; Zubeir, N.; Morzaria, S. P.; Osman, A. M. and Mustafa, U. E. (1994). Theileriosis of sheep in the Sudan: A case report. In: Proceedings of a Workshop on Tropical Theileriosis held at the Veterinary Association Residence, Khartoum, 4 – 5 May 1994, (eds. A. M. Atelmanan and S. M. Kheir), pp. 66-72.
  26. Elamin E. A. (1994). Diagnosis of cameline trypanosomiasis by antigen-capture technique (AgELISA). Albuhuth Scientific Journal 4 (1-A): 355.
  27. Saleem, M. S. and Elamin, E. A. (1994). An autopsy survey for the cameline stomach worm Haemonchus longistipes in mid-Eastern Sudan. In : Proceedings of a seminar on Animal Diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract and Liver: An African Prospective. International Foundation for Science (IFS), Stockholm, Sweden, ISBN:91-85798-37, pp.59 –71.
  28. Intisar, A. Badwi, Saad, M.B. Abdalla, H.S. and Tigani, T. (1994). Prevalence of Cysticercxus bovis in slaughtered cattle, Sudan. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 33 (1, 2): 86-89.
  29. El-Mannan, A.M. and Abdalla, H.S. (1994). Some observations on cyticercosis in central region of Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 33 (1, 2): 129-130.
  30. Suzan, F. Ali, Abdalla, H.S. and Salama, I.B. (1994). Infectivity of Eimeria mivati in chickens. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 33 (1, 2): 131-132.
  31. Kheir, S.M., Abdalla, H.S. and Dipeolueo, O. (1994). Comparative study of immunization systems against Rhipice-phalus appendiculatus (Acari: Ioxidadae). Sudan J. Vet. Res., 13: 41-50.
  1. Tahani S.M. Shatir .Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Studies of Glycloic acid,M.Sc. Thesis, University of Khatoum, Sudan, 1993.

  2. Taha, AAM and Abdel-Magied, EM (1993).  Topographical anatomy of the thyroid gland of the one-humped camel. Saudi Biological Society, fourteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. P. 67.

  3. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (1993).  The fine structure of the thyroid gland of the one-humped camel.  . Saudi Biological Society, fourteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. P. 28.

  4. Abdel-Magied,EM, Taha, AAM and Abdel-Razig, N. (1993).  The tunica mucosa of the compound stomach of the one-humped camel. Saudi Biological Society, fourteenth annual meeting on Biological Natural Resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. P. 146.

  5. Gaffar Elamin, M.A; Khalafalla, A.I and S.M. Ahmed (1993). Observation on the use of Komarov strain of Newcastle disease vaccine in the Sudan. Trop.Anim.Hlth & Prod 25: 151-154.

  6.  Khalafalla, A.I; M.A. Gaffar El amin and Z.Abbas (1993). Lumpy skin disease: Observations on the recent outbreaks of the disease in the Sudan.  Revue Elev.vet. Pays trop. 46 (4); 548-550

  7. E.A. Elamin, G. E. Mohamed, M. Fadl, Seham Elias, M.S. Saleem and   M.O.A. Elbashir (1993). An out of cameline filariasis in the Sudan. Br. Vet J.149:1-6.
  8. O. H. A. Ali (1993) Effect of Removal of Residual Yolk Sac on Growth, Fat Absorption and Immunity in Broiler Chicks.Thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan

  9. El-Sanousi,S.M. and Gameel, A.A. An outbreak of enterotoxaemia in suckling camels. J. Vet. Med. A 40, 525-532, 1993.
  10. Housawi, F.M.T., Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Gameel, A.A. and Al-Afaleq, A.I. A close comparative study on the response of sheep and goats to experimental orf infection. J. Vet. Med., B 40, 272-281, 1993.

  11.  Al-Afaleq, A.I., Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Gameel, A.A., Awad, M. and Hassanein, M.M. A severe nervous disease involving fancy pigeons caused by paramyxovirus-1 in Saudi Arabia. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop., 46, 545-547. 1993.

  12.  Dafalla, E.A., Ramadan, R.O. and Gameel, A.A. The age of sexual maturity in the male camel. Presentation to the 14th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society, Jeddah, 18-20, February, 1993. Abstracts P 23.
    70. Gameel, A.A. Pathological lesions in lambs and kids naturally infected with contagious ecthyma (orf). Presentation to the 14th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society. Jeddah, 18-20 Feb. 1993. Abstracts P 268.

  13. Gameel, A.A., and El-Shazly, M.O. Causes of mortality in lambs and kids diagnosed at necropsy: A retrospective study. Presentation to the 15th Annual Meeting of the Saudi Biological Society. Makkah, 29-31 March, 19984-Abstracts P. 191.

  14. Hassan, S. M. and Dipeolu, O. O. (1993). Livestock tick predation by chickens: The rate of digestion of ticks in the alimentary tract of chickens. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 3(1): 79-83.
  15. Musa, T. M.; Shommein, A. M.; Abdel Razig; Y. M.; Meki, N. T. and Hassan, S. M. (1993). Anthrax in humans and camels in the Sudan with reference to the disease in the country. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays. Trop. 46(3): 438-439. PMID 8190979.
  16. Elamin, E. A., Mohamed, G. E., Fadl, M., Elias, S., Saleem, M. S. and El Bashir, M. O. A. (1993). An outbreak of cameline filariasis in the Sudan. British Veterinary Journal 149 : 195 – 200.
  17. Elamin, E. A., El Hassan, E. M., El Bashir, M. O. A. and Luckins, A. G. (1993). Prevalence of trypanosomiasis in pastoral camels in the Butana plains, mid-Eastern Sudan. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) – Technical Document No. 707, pp. 111 – 119, Agency, Vienna, 1993.
  18. Elamin, E. A. (1993). Efficacy of Diminazene aceturate (Berenil®) against experimental Trypanosoma evansi infection in Nubian goats in the Sudan. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 31 (1): 45 – 57.
  19. Elamin, Amna and Elamin, E. A. (1993). Bioviability of Berenil ( Diminazene aceturate) in tissues of mice and goats and its effect on Trypanosoma evansi infection. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 31 (1): 41 – 44.
  1. osman D. I. , A. A. El maghrabi & B. M. Abugrain 1992 ultrastructure of the cells of the parotid lymph nodes of the dromedary came. Libyan vet. Med. J. 1, : 34-54.
  2. Taha, AAM, Abdel-Magied, EM and El-Mougi, SA (1992).  Lingual papillae in the calf Dromedary (Camelus dromedaries).  Saudi Biological Society, thirteenth annual meeting on environmental protection and components. P. 229.
  3. Abdel-Magied,EM and Taha, AAM (1992).  Fine strictire of Paneth cells in the camel and rabbit.  thirteenth annual meeting on environmental protection and components. P. 230.
  4. Khalafalla, A.I; M.A.Fadol, O.A.Hameid; Y.A.Hussein and Mahasin El Nur (1992). Pathogenic properties of Newcastle disease virus isolates in the Sudan. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica , 40 (4); 329-333.
  5. M.Haroun; Khalafalla, A.I; I.Hajer (1992). Some properties of Newcastle disease virus field isolates in the Sudan. Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr. 40 .; 107-110.
  6. Mamoun, I.E; Khalafalla, A.I; Bakhiet, M.R; Agab, H.A.M; Y.A.Sabiel and H.J. Ahmed (1992) Salmonella entritidis infection in the Sudan. Revue Elev.vet. Pays trop. 45(2); 137-138.
  7. Tingari, M.D. et. al. (1992) Criteria, rules and mechanisms for accreditation and upgrading of Private and Foreign Higher Education Institutions and Colleges to Universities Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Khartoum Sudan 1992.
  8. Tingari, M.D. et. al. (1992) Establishment of a Technical Institute for Agricultural and Animal Sciences. A study carried out on the request of Upper Nile University, Malakal, Sudan.
  9. Ahmed, M. M. M. and Abelatif , A. M. (1992). Utilization of nutrients by sheep as affected by diet composition and solar radiation . Small Rumin.  Research , 9(1) : 37-45.
  10. Abdelatif , A. M. and Ahmed, M. M. M. (1992). Thermoregulation, water balance and plasma constituents in Sudan desert sheep: responses to diet and solar radiation . J.   Arid  Environ., 25(4) : 387-395.7.                
  11. Ahmed, M. M. M. and Abdelatif , A. M. (1992). Effects of  shearing and exercise on heat  tolerance, food utilization and blood constituents in desert sheep .  J.   Arid  Environ. , 23(3) : 310-317.
  12. Abdelatif , A. M. and Hamid, H. R. (1992). Heat  stress in dairy cattle : assessment and alleviation. Conference  on  Development of Animal Resources, Central State, Wad Medani -   4-6 August.
  13. El Hassan E.M; Boid, R. and Jones, T.W. (1992). Identification of antigenic and non-antigenic components of Trypansoma evansi. First International Seminar on  Non- Tsetse Transmitted Animal Trypanosomes.  Annecy , France .P.138.
  14. Fadl, M., Magzoub, M. and Bürger, H.J. (1992).  Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infection in the dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) in the Butana plains, Sudan. Rev. Elev. Med, vet pays trop, 45(3-4):291-293.
  15. Kőhler-Rollefson, I., Musa, B.E. and Fadl Achmed, M. (1992). The Rashaida camel and mechanized sorghum production. World Anim. Rev, 70-71:60-64.
  16. Ali, N. O. M. (1992). “Acute Toxicity of some plant extracts to larvae of Mosquito Culex quinquefascitus“. BSc. Dissertation, Faculty of Science (Department of Zoology), University of Khartoum.
  17. El-Sanousi, S.M., El-Shazly, M.O., Al-Doghiem, A.M. and Gameel, A.A.. An outbreak of enterotoxaemia in cats. J. Vet. Med., A 39, 403-409, 1992.
  18.  Ali, A.M.A., El-Sanousi, S.M., Al-Eknah, M.A., Gameel, A.A., Dafalla, E.A., Homeda, A.M. and Radwan, Y.M. Studies on infundibular cysts of the uterine tube in camels (Camelus dromedaries) Rev. Elev. Med., Vet. Pays Trop., 45, 243-253, 1992.

  19. Gameel, A.A., El-Shazly, M.O., Ali, A.S. and Bukhidir, T.A. Pathological conditions diagnosed at postmorten in camels. Presentation to the 13th Symposium of the Saudi Biological Society, Buraydah 11-13 February 1992, Abstracts P. 35.

  20.  Gameel, A.A., Ramadan, R.O. and Dafalla, E.A. Ectopic mammary tissue in the vulva of goats. J. Vet. Med., A. 39, 470-475.

  21.  Abu El-zein,E.M.E., Gameel,A.A., Al-Afaleq,A.I. and Hassanein, M.M. Isolation of a virus serologically related to the bluetongue group from an outbreak of haemorrhagic disease among exotic deer in Saudi Arabia. Vet. Rec. 131, 439-441., 1992.

  22.  Ibrahim, A.M., A/Gafaar, A.A., Gameel, A.A., Nayel, N.M., A/Gaffar, A. and El-Gailani, M.  A note on the haematology of camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Bahrain. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop., 45, 318-3210, 1992.

  23.  Alhendi, A.B., Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A., Algharam, M. , Modawi, M. and Al-Agib, A. Preliminary observations on experimental foreign body in goats. Pakistan Vet. J., 12, 156-159, 1992.

  24. Hassan, S. M.; Dipeolu, O. O. and Munyinyi, M. (1992). Influence of exposure period and management methods on the effectiveness of chickens as predators of ticks infesting cattle. Veterinary Parasitology. 43(3/4): 301-309. PMID 1413461.
  25. Punyua, D. K. and Hassan, S. M. (1992). The role of host management in tick population changes on Rusinga Island, Kenya. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 14(1): 61-65. PMID 1606875.
  26. Malonza, M. M.; Dipeolu, O. O.; Amoo, A. O. and Hassan, S. M. (1992). Laboratory and field observations on anti-tick properties of the plant Gynandropsis gynandra (L) Brig. Veterinary Parasitology. 42(1/2): 123-136. PMID 1615623
  27. Elamin, E. A., Elias, S., Daugschies, A. and Rommel, M. (1992). Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in pastoral camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Butana plains, mid-Eastern Sudan. Veterinary Parasitology 43 : 171 – 175.
  28. El Badwi, S. M. A., Adam, S.E.I. And Hapke, H.J. (1992). Experimental Ricinus communis poisoning in chicks, phytotherapy Research, 6, 205.2.
  29. El Badwi, S. M. A., Mousa, H. M. Adam, S.E.I. and Hapke, H. J. (1992). Response of Brown Hisex chicks to low levels of Jatropha curcas, Ricinus communis or their mixture. Vet. And Hum. Toxicology, 34, 304.
  30. Yassir, O. M. ,Osman, O. M. and ELAMIN, T. H.(1992). Life eycle studies of the tick species, Amblyomma Lepidum, Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi under laboratory conditions. Insect Sci. Applic . Vol. 13, No 4. 

  1. Tingari, M.D. (1991). Studies on camel semen .III. Fine structure of the Spermatozoa Anim. Report. Sc. 26, 333-344.
  2. M.V.Sc 1991   Thesis title: The effect of Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) on broilers under hot climate.
  3. S.B. Babiker, S.E. Elsammani, Izzeldin, B. Ismail (1991). Incubators reject eggs as a protein supplement in the diets of broilers. Sudan Journal of Animal Production 83-93.
  4. Abbas , T. A., Abdelatif , A. M. and Osman, A. M. (1991). Responses of rabbit digestive enzymes : amylase and lipase to food composition and intermittent heat exposure. World  Rev.    Anim.  Production. Vol. XXVI    No. 2: 81-86.
  5. M.Magzoub, E.M.EL Hassan and A.A.Mottelib (1991). Experimental infection of sheep with trichostrongyle  nematodes of the camel with some trials on their chemotherapeutic treatment using the drug ivermectin.  Assiut Veterinary Medical Journal,26 (51):148-160.
  6. Kőhler-Rollefson, I., Musa, B.E. and Fadl Achmed, M. (1991). The camel pastoral system of the southern Eastern Sudan. Nomadic people, 29:68-76.
  7. Abu Elzein, E.T., Sendberg, J.P., Howsawi, F.M., Gameel, A.A. , Ramadan, R.O. and Hassanein, M. Genital bovine papilloma-virus infection in Saudi Arabia. J. Vet. Diag. And Investig. 3, 36-38, 1991.
  8. Gameel, A.A., El-Sanousi, S.M., Al-Nawawi, F. and Al-Shazly, M.O. Association of Klebsiella organisms with pulmonary lesions in sheep. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop., 44, 161-164, 1991.
  9. Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A., and El-Hassan. Squamous cell carcinoma in sheep in Saudi Arabia. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop., 44, 23-26, 1991.
  10. Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A., Al-Eknah, M.A., Dafalla, E.A.. Gomma, A. and Abdin-Bey M.R. A clinico-pathological study on orchitis in sheep and goats in Saudi Arabia. Reprod. Dom. Anim. 26, 321-323, 1991.
  11. Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A., Dafalla, E.A. and Galil, A.K.A. Bilateral scrotal hystrocele in an intersex goat. J. Vet. Med., A 36, 441-444.
  12. Haroun, E.M., Ali, M.A.M., Abdel Razig, Y.M. and Gameel, A.A.. Epidemiological studies on fascioliasis in Central and Western Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. & Anim. Husb., 30, 51-56, 1991.
  13. Dafalla, E.A., Al-Eknah M.A. and Gameel, A.A.. Unilateral ovarian agenesis in a camel. Reprod. Dom.Anim, 26, 266-269, 1991.
  14. Shaaban, F.E., Abu-Hadid, A.H., El-Shazly, M.O. and Gameel, A.A. Qualitative detection and quantitative determination of Aflatoxin in some stored grains and its pathological effects in rats and chicken. Egyptian J. Comp. Pathol. & Clin. Pathol., 4, 339-357, 1991
  15. Hassan, S. M; Dipeolu, O. O.; Amoo, A. O. and Odhiambo, T. R. (1991). Predation on livestock ticks by domestic chickens. Veterinary Parasitology 38(2/3): 199-204. PMID 1858289
  16. Mwangi, E. N.; Dipeolu, O. O.; Newson, R. M.; Kaaya. G. P. and Hassan, S. M. (1991). Predators, Parasitoids and Pathogens of ticks: A review. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 1(3): 147-156.
  17. Ali, S.F., Abdalla, H.S., Omsna, A.Y. and Awatif (1990-1991). Survey of Eimeria species in poultry in Khartoum Province. Sudan. J. Vet. Res. 10: 41-44.
  18. Abdalla, H.S. (1991). دراسات في توزيع ومكافحة القراد في كردفان “Tick distribution and control in Khartoum”.
  19. El Sheik, H. A. , Ali, B. B. , Homeida, A. M. , HASSAN, T. Idris, O. F. and Hapke, H. J. (1991) . The activities of drug-metabolizing enzymes in goats treated orally with the latex of Calotropics procera and the influence of Dieldrin pretreatment. J.

  1. Khalafalla, A.I; A.A.Nayil, A.H.Nimir and I.Hajer (1990). Role of some passeriformes birds in transmission of Newcastle disease: I- Susceptibility of some wild birds of Sudan to Newcastle disease virus.  Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr. 38, 45-49.
  2. Khalafalla, A.I; I.Hajer  and A.H.Nimir (1990).  Role of some passeriformes birds in transmission of Newcastle disease: II- pathogenesis of Newcastle disease virus in Sudan house sparrows (Passer domesticus arborius). Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr. 38, 51-54.
  3. Khalafalla, A.I;A.H.Nimir and I.Hajer (1990).  Role of some passeriformes birds in transmission of Newcastle disease: III- Transmisibility of  Newcastle disease virus by Sudan house sparrows(Passer domesticus arborius). Bull.Anim.Hlth.Prod.Afr. 38, 55-58.
  4. Khalafalla, A.I; A.Mustafa; Z.Abbas; I.Hajer and S.El Sammani (1990). Case report of a mild infection of infectious bursal disease in broiler chicks in the Sudan. Sudan J. Veterinary Research 10,45-49
  5. Tingari, M.D. et. al. (1990). The implementation of the resolutions of the Sudan Higher Education Revolution in relation to the University of Khartoum. A comprehensive Report, 1990.
  6. M. Magzoub ,  E.M.EL Hassan and H.J.Burger (1990).  Pasture infestation with trichostrongylids of camels in                                                                                           Butana area of eastern Sudan. Tropical Animal Health and     Production. 22(1): 7 – 8.
  7. Al-Atiya, S.A., Elbihari, S. and Gameel, A.A. Presence of bovine theileriosis in Saudi Arabia. Vet. Parasitol, 38, 339-342, 1990.
  8.  Dafalla, E.A., Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A., Galil, A.K.A., Alhendi, A.B. and Moudawi, M.HM. A functioning udder in a male goat. J. Vet. Med. A, 37, 686-691, 1990.

  9. Alhendi, A.B., Ramadan, R.O., Gameel, A.A.., Abdin-Bey, M.R., Al-Garram, M. and Al-Agib, A. Ruminal foreign bodies in sheep and goats in Saudi Arabia. Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress, Pakistan Vet. Med. Association, 28-29, November 1990, Islamabad, pp. 80-90.

  10.  Ramadan, R.O., Bolbol, A, Gameel, A.A. Obstruction of the naso-lacrimal duct in a donkey. Assuit Vet. J., 24, 24, 262-264, 1990.

  11. Abdalla, H.S. (1990). Ticks and tick-borne diseases in the Sudan. International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE). Nairobi, Kenya.
  1. Ibrahim A.A., S.O. ElLaithi and M.A.Ahmed, 1989. Iso-immunity to Sper- matozoa in repeat Breeder Cows. Sud. J. Vet. Sc.&Anim. Husb.  28(1) 59-67.
  2. Taha, AAM, Abdel-Magied, EM and Abdalla, MA (1989).  The poll glands of the Dromedary:  A possible endocrine function.   Saudi Biological Society, twelfth symposium on the Biological Aspects of Saudi Arabia. P.190.
  3. Tingari, M.D. (1989). The fine structure of the epithelial lining of the epididymis of the camel (Gallus domesticus) with special reference to regional differences. J. Anat. 165, 201-214.
  4. Elsheikh, A.S. and Jayatileka, T.N. (1989). An outbreak of Gumboro-like disease in Darfur. (UNDP report).
  5. El Hassan, S. M. and Kheir, S. A. M. and El Mubarak, A. K. (1989). Serological Survey of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae infection in chickens in the Sudan.  Bull. Anim. Hlth. and Prod. in Africa, 37: 21 – 24.

  6. El Hassan, S. M. and Kheir, S. A. M. (1989).  Serological investigation of Salmonella Pullorum in chickens in the Sudan Bull. Anim. Hlth. and Prod. in Africa, 37: 99 – 101.

  7. El Hassan, S.M. and Kheir, S.A.M. and Salim A.I. (1989).  Serological detection of infectious bursal disease virus antibodies in chicken’s sera in Western Sudan by counterimmunoelectrophoresis. Bull Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr., 37: 401 – 402.

  8. Gameel, A.A., El-Shazly, M.O. and Ali,A.S. Common animal diseases diagnosed at necropsy. Presentation to the 12th Symposium on the Biological Aspects of Saudi Arabia. Riyadh, 19-21 December 1989. Abstracts P.; 141.
  9.  El-Sanousi, S.M., Hamad, A.A. and Gameel, A.A. Abscess diseases in goats in the Sudan.Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop. 42, 379-382. 1989.

  10.   Haroun, E.M., Elsanhouri, A.A. and Gameel, A.A. Response of goats to repeated infections with Fasciola gigantica. Vet. Parasitol. 30, 287-296, 1989.

  11.  Abdalla, H.S. (1989). Effect of endoprasites on the growth rate of Sudanese sheep and cattle, Trop. Anim. Hith. Prod. 21: 3.

  12.  Elowni, E. E. , Nurelhuda , I. E. M. and HASSAN, T. (1989). The effect of niclosamide on RAILLIETINA TETRAGONA. Veterinary Research Communications , 13. 451 – 453.

  13. Abdelhadi, A. A. , Elkheir, Y. M. , and HASSAN, T. (1989). A succinylcholine – like action of an Ipomoea carnea. extract Pharmacological Research, vol. 21, No. 4. 431 – 437.

  14.  Nurelhuda, I. E. M. ,Elowni, E. E. and HASSAN, T. (1989). Anthelmintic activity of praziquantel on Railletina tetragona in chickens . Parasitol Res. 75. 655 – 656.

  15. Nurelhuda, I. E. M. ,Elowni, E. E. and HASSAN, T. (1989).Anticestodal action of oxfendazole on Raillietina tetragona in experimentally infected chickens . Br. Vet. J. 145, 458 – 464.

  1. Ibrahim.H. & D. I. osman 1988. On the histochemisrty of the mammary glands of the camel (camelus dromedaries). The sudan journal of veterinary science and animal. Husbandry . 27(1), 31-45.
  2. Ibrahim.H. & M. A. Abdelalla & D. I. osman 1988. Morphometry of the camels udder. Camel forum (sweden)working paper 28 M7 pages.
  3. Osman, D.I. 1988. Morphological observations on the supramammary and parotid lymph nodes of the camel(camelus dromedaries). The sudan journal of veterinary science and animal. Husbandry . 27(2), 38-52.
  4. Osman, D. I. & H. I. Ismail 1988. Morphology of the camel udder. Camel forum (Sweden) working paper no 29-18 pages.
  5. Taha, AAM (1988).  Ultrastructure of the sebaceous glands of the camel.  Journal of Anatomy, 156, 157-168.
  6. Khalil, MGR, Homeida, AM, and Taha, AAM (1988).  Steroid and LH level during oestrous cycle of the camel.  Postal demonstration in the International Symposium on the development of Animal Resources in the Sudan, held on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Khartoum, Jan.3-7, Khartoum.
  7. Taha, AAM and Abdalla, MA (1988).  Ultrastructural morphometric observations on the extramural aortico-pulmonary bodies of the domestic fowl.  Journal of Anatomy, 157, 169-173.
  8. Homeida, AM, Khalil, MGR, and Taha, AAM (1988).  Plasma concentration of progesterone, estrogens, testosterone and LH-like activity during the estrus cycle of the camel (Camelus dromedaries).  Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 83, 593-
  9. Abdelatif , A. M. and Ahmed M. M. M. (1988) . Effects of increasing  the watering interval  on  temperature  regulation, blood composition and plasma levels of  TSH , T4  and  cortisol  in  desert sheep. Sudan Medical Journal Vol. 22. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Work in Hot Environment and Heat-related Disorders , Khartoum .
  10. Ahmed , M.M.M. and  Abdelatif , A. M. (1988). Effects  of  shearing and  exercise on temperature regulation , nitrogen balance and blood composition in desert sheep . Sudan Medical Journal Vol. 22. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Work in Hot Environments and Heat-related Disorders ,  Khartoum .
  11. Abu Damir, H., Barri, M. E. S., EL Hassan, S. M. Tageldin, M. H., Wahbi, A. A. and Idris, O. F. (1988).  Clinical zinc and copper deficiencies in cattle of Western Sudan.  Trop. Anim. Hlth. Prod., 20: 52 – 56.

  12. El Hassan, S. M. and Kheir, S. A. M. (1988).  Serological survey of Newcastle disease virus antibodies in chickens in Kordofan region Western Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb., 27:16-20.

  13. Abu-Samra, M.T., El-Sanousi, S.M., Abdalla, M.A., Gameel, A.A., Abdel Aziz, H., Abbas, B., Ibrahim, E.E.E., and Idris, S.O. Studies on gangrenous mastitis in goats. Cornell Vet., 78, 281-300, 1988.
  14.  Ali, A.S., Gameel, A.,A. and Shazly, M.O.  Some congenital defects in animals. Presentation in the 11th Symposium of the Biological Aspects of Saudi Arabia, Yanbu Town, 30th May – 2nd June, 1988. Abstracts P. 111.

  15. Mohamed, S. M. Ali, B. H. and HASSAN, T. (1988). Some effects of water deprivation on dorcas gazelle in the Sudan. Comp. Biochem . Physiol. Vol. 90A, No-2. 225 – 228.

  16.   Hassan, A.K.M. and Karrar A.E., (1988) Point Prevalence of Bovine Herpesvirus-1 Antibodies in the Sudan. Trop. Anim. Health and Prod. 20:163-164.

  1. Teppema. J.S., P.A.M. Guinee, A.A. Ibrahim, M. Paques and E.J. Ruitenberg 1987.  In vivo adherence and colonization of  Vibrio  cholerae strains that differ in haemagglutonating and motility.  Infect. Immunity, 55: 2093-2102.
  2. Ibrahim A.A. 1987.  Infection acquired immunity to Vibrio cholerae. Abstracts of the 23rd pan Arab Medical Congress.  Sudan Med. J  (special issue) 1987.  Khartoum, Sudan.
  3. Taha, AAM (1987). Effect of denervation on baroreceptor and chemoreceptor endings in the aorta and pulmonary trunk of the domestic fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus).  Journal of Anatomy, 150, 49-60.
  4. Tingari, M.D. ed. (1987). Aspects of Reproduction in the one-humped camel. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  5. Galil, A.K.A. & Tingari, M.D., (1987). Seasonal variation in the localization of ? 5, 3B and 17B – hydroxsteriod dehydrogenases activity in the testis and in serum testosterone levels in the camel (Gallus domesticus). Proc. Saudi Biol. Sc. 10, 83-96.
  6. Hago, B.E.O., A/Majid, O.Y., El-Sanousi, S.M., Gameel, A.A. and Abu Samra, M.T. An outbreak of suppurative asteoarthritis of the tibiotrasal joint in rabbits caused by Pasteuralla multocida. Jr. of Small Animal Practice, 28, 763-766, 1987.

  7.  Mahmoud, O.M., El-Sammani, F., Gameel, A.A. and Taylor, M.G. Serum enzyme changes in calves experimentally infected with Schistosoma bovis. Jr. of Comp.  Pathol. 97, 335-339, 1987.

  8. Abdel Gadir, H, Haroun, E.M. and Gameel, A.A. The protective effect of irradiated metacercariae of Fasicola gigantica against homologous challenge in sheep. J. Helm., 61, 137-142, 1987.

  9.  El Sanhouri, A.A., Haroun, E.M., Gameel, A.A. and Bushara, H.O. The protective effect of irradiated metacercariae of Fasciola gigantica and irradiated cercararia  of Schistosoma bovis against fascioliasis in goats. Trop. Anim. Hlth. & Prod., 19, 245-249, 1987.

  10.  El-Sanousi, S.M., Gameel, A.A., Mousa, B. and Abdel Salam, I.S. Characterization of Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium sordellii and Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from cases of haemorrhagic enteritis in camels. Annual Report, Camel Res. Unit, Vet. College, Khartoum, 158-168.

  11. Hassan, S. M. (1987). Bovine theileriosis in the Sudan. In: First African Veterinary Days, Hammamat, Tunisia. 31st May – 2nd June 1987.
  12. Abdalla, H.S., Hussein, H.S. and Kreier, J.P. (1987). Differential centrifugation and infectivity of Babesia rodhaini freed by continuous-flow ultrasonication. J. Parasit. 64 (3): 554-556. 

  13. Abdalla, H.S. (1987). A profile of internal parasites of domestic animals in the Sudan. Seminar on Control of Parasitism by Merck sharp and Dohme (M.S.D.) Khartoum.

  14. Saad.A.M., Hussein.M.F., Dargie.J.D., and Taylor .M.G.,(1987) The Pathology of Experimental Schistosoma bovis

    Infection in Zebu Calves Proc Saudi Bio Sc .10):21-30.

  15. Mustafa , A.I. Ali , B.H . and HASSAN ,T.(1987) . Semen characteristics in furazolidone treated goats. Rep . Nutr . Develop ., 27 ,89 – 94.

  1. Osman, D.I. & L.ploan 1986. Spermatogenesis in the camel(camelus dromedaries). Animal reproduction science 10,23-36.
  2. Osman, D.I. & L.ploan 1986. Fine structure of sertoli cells in the camels (camelus dromedaries). Animal reproduction science 10,37-46.
  3. Osman, D.I 1986 the intratesticular excurrent ducts of the camel (camelus dromedaries). Animal reproduction science 10,47-60.
  4. Osman, D.I,& L.ploan 1986. Fine structure of epidiymal spermatozoa in the camel(camelus dromedaries). Animal reproduction science 10,177-184.
  5. Osman, D.I. 1986 . factors possibly associated with the supposed seasonality of breeding status in male camels group document no SRC 12, international livestock centre of Africa (ILGA) 13-20.
  6. Tingari, M.D.  & El Manna, M.M.,  Rahim, A.T.A.,  Ahmed, A.K. & Hamad, M.H. (1986). Studies on camel semen I-Electroejaculation and some aspects of semen characteristics. Anim. Reprod. Sc. 12, 213-222.
  7. El Manna, M.M., Tingari, M.D. & Ahmed, A.K. (1986). Studies on camel semen II. Biochemical characteristics. Anim. Reprod. Sc. 12, 223-231.
  8. Haroun, E.M.,Gadir, H.A. and Gameel, A.A. Studies on naturally-occurring ovine fasciolasis in the Sudan. J. of Helmin. 60(1), 47-53, 1986.
    31. Mahmoud, O.M., El-Samani, F. and Gameel, A.A. The activity of some serum enzymes in experimental bovine schistosomiasis. IVth International Symposium of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2-6 June, 1986, pp. 190-194, 1986.
  9. Younis, S.A., Yagi, A.I., Haroun, E.M. Gameel A.A. and Taylor M.G. Immunization of zebu calves against Fasciola gigantica using irradiated metacercariae. J. of Helm. 60, 123-134, 1986.

  10.  Yagi, A.I., Younis, S.A., Haroun, E.M., Gameel, A.A.., Bushara, H.O. and Taylor, M.G. Studies on heterologous resistance between Schistosoma bovis and Fasciola gigantica in Sudanese cattle. J. of Helm., 60, 55-59, 1986.

  11.  Gameel, A.A.,  El-Sanousi, S.M., Musa, B. and El Owni, E.E. Association of some pathogenic bacteria with haemmoragic enteritis in camels. In “Camel Research Papers from Sudan”. Group Document No. SRC(2) Small Ruminant and Camel Group,  International Livestock Centre for Africa, pp. 50-55, 1986.

  12. El-Owni,E.E.,  Gameel, A.A. and El-Sanousi, S.M. On some helminthes from a camel in the Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. & Animal Husb. 25(2): 97-98, 1986. Abdel Rahim, A.G. and Gameel, A.A. Mineral contents of some camel tissues. In “Camel Research Papers from Sudan”. Group Document NO. SRC 12, Small Ruminant and Camel Group, International Livestock Centre for Africa pp. 46-49, 1986.
  13. Saad .A.M., (1986); Livestock Farm System .A Chapter in Agriculture Sector of Sudan, Policy and Analysis. Edited by Zahlan .A B., Ithaca Press London ,United Kingdom. pp 215- 238
  14. Mustafa , A.H. Ali , B.H . and HASSAN ,T. (1986) . The effect of Furazolidone on some clinical and biochemical parametes in goats . Vet . Quart, 8, 295 – 300.

  15. HASSAN ,T. Homeida A.M. and Ali, B .H . (1986). Effects of furazolidone on some reproductive hormones during oestrus cycle of the goats . Comp . Biochem . Physiol. 85, 255 – 257.

  16. El Shick , H.A., Ali , B.H., HASSAN ,T. and Homeida, A.M. (1986). The cytochromes P450 concentration in microsomes of liver , kidney and duodenal mucosa of the camels, sheep and goats. Vet. Hum. Toxicol. 27, 527 – 529.

  17. Ali. B. H. and HASSAN ,T. (1986) . some observations on the toxicosis of isometamidium chloride ( Samorin) in camels. Vet. Hum. Toxicol. 28, 424 – 426.

  18.  Ali,B.H., HASSAN ,T. and Malik,K.H. (1986) . The efficacy of furazolidone against experimental infections with Trypanosoma evansi in camels and mice: comparisons with quinapyramine and suramine . Rev Elev. Med. Vet. 39 , 197 – 201.

  19. Abdelhadi ,A. A. , Elkheir ,Y.M. , HASSAN ,T. and Mustafa ,A.A. (1986) . Neuromuscular blocking activity of a crude agueous, extract of Ipomoea fistulosa . Clin. And Exp. Pharmacol. and Physiol . 13, 169 – 171.

  1. El-Samani, F., Mahmoud O.M., Fawi, M.T., Gameel, A.A. Serum enzyme activities and bilirubin concentration in sheep experimentally infected with Fasciola gigantica. J. of Comp. Path. 95(4), 499-505, 1985.
  2. Hassan, S. M. and Osman, A. M. (1985). Problems caused by ticks and their impact on animal production in the Sudan. In: Sudan Veterinary Association: Development of Animal Resources in Northern Province, Sudan. (ed. Abdel Gadir A. Wahbi). pp 113 – 118. (In Arabic).
  3. Elamin, E. A. (1985). “Some Aspects of the Epidemiology and Immunology of Sarcocystis meisherina infection”. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., USA.
  4. Abdalla, H.S. (1985). Camel trypanosomiasis in eastern Sudan. TTIQ, 8: 52-53.
  5. Abdalla, H.S. (1985). Chemotherapy against animal trypanoso-miasis in Sudan. Seventh International Conference of Protozoology, Nairobi, Kenya, pp. 157.
  6. Abdalla, H.S. and Kheir, S.M. (1985). Tsetse and Trypanoso-miasis survey in Kassala and Blue Nile-Report
  7. Ali, B. H., HASSAN ,T. , and Lutfi, A. A. (1985) Plasma ascorbic acid , iron and amine oxidase activity in sheep experimentally infected with Fasciola gigantica : Influence of Niclofolan and Triclabendazole . Acta . Vet . ( Beograd ) ., 36 , 321 – 325 .

  8.  Ali , B.H. , HASSAN ,T. , Suliman ,H.B. , and Abdelsalam , E.B. (1985 ) . Some effects of imidocarb in goats . Vet. Human Toxicol. 27, 477 – 480.

  9. Ali,B.H., HASSAN ,T. Harron . E . M. and Abusamara , M .T. (1985) The effect of nicloflan on desert sheep experimenttally infected with immature Fasciola gigantica , J. Vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 8, 398 – 403 .

  10. Ali,B.H., HASSAN ,T. and Malik , K. H. (1985) A clinical evaluation of Samorin in Typanosoma evansi infections in camelus dromedarius J.Vet. Pharmacol.Therap.8, 208 –210

  11. Mustafa , A.I. , B. H. Ali , HASSAN ,T. and Satti , A. M. (1985) Furazolidone concentrations in plasma, milk and some tissues of Nubian goats .J. Vet. Pharmacol Therap , 8, 190 – 193.

  12. Musa, B. and HASSAN ,T. ( 1985 ) . A case of allergic conjunctivitis in a donkey. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb,. 25(1), 17 – 22.

  1. Osman, D.I 1984. On the histochemistry of the seminiferous tubules and their terminal segments in the ram testis-zentralblatt for veterinarmedizin anatomie, histology and embryology , 13,319-126.

  2. Ramos, A.S. & Tingari, M.D. (1984). A correlative scanning and transmission electron microscope study of the pecton oculi of Japanese quall. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, 2404-2457.

  3. Tingari, M.D. & George, M.A. (1984). Studies on the poll glands of the one-humped camel in relation to reproductive activity .II. Ultrastructural observations. J. Anat, 139, 463-474.

  4. Tingari, M.D. & Rahma, B.A. & Saad, A.H.M. (1984). Studies o the poll glands of the one-humped camel in relation to reproductive activity .I. Seasonal morphological and histochemical changes. J. Anat. 138, 193-203.

  5. Tingari, M.D.,  Romes, A.S., Gaili, E.S.E., Rahama, B.A. & Saad, A.H.M. (1984). Morphology of the testis of the one-humped camel in relation to reproductive activity. J. Anat. 139, 463-474.

  6. Kawasemeh, Z.A., Cheema, A.H. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (1984).  Prevalence of Echinococcosis/hydatiodsis in stray dogs and slaughtered animals in Al-Ahsa region; a preliminary report.  Saudi Biological Society, abstracts of the 7th symposium on the biological aspects of Saudi Arabia, Qassim, Saudi Arabia, 79-80

  7.  Hussein, M.F., Basmeil, S.M., Bakkar, M.N. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (1984). Serological evidence of some zoonotic diseases in the Saudi Arabian camel (Camelus dromedaries) Saudi Biological Society, abstract of the 7th Symposium on the biological aspects of Saudi Arabia, Gasseem, Saudi Arabia.

  8. El Hassan S. M., Abu Bakr, M. I. and Harbi, M. S. M. A. (1984).  Pathogenicity of Mycoplasma bovigenitalium isolated from imported bovine semen to Sudanese bulls. Bull. Anim. Hlth. and Prod. in Africa, 32 : 181 – 187.

  9.  Abu Bakr, M. I., El Hassan, S. M. and Harbi, M. A. M. A. (1984). Clinica-pathological studies and treatment trials of contagious caprine pleuropnenmonia (CCPP) in Sudanese goats.  Bull. Anim. Hlth and Prod. in Africa, 32: 153.

  10. Bushara, H.O., Majid, B.Y.A., Majid,A.A., Kitma, I., Gameel, A.A., Karib,E.A., Hussein, M.F. and Taylor, M.C. Observations on cattle schistosomiasis in the Sudan, a study in comparative medicine. V. The effect of Praziquantel therapy on naturally-acquired resistance to Schistosoma bovis. Am. Jr. Trop. Med. Hyg., 32, 1370-1374, 1983.

  11. Osman, A.A., Abdel Rahim, A.G., Gameel, A.A., and Bushara, H.O. The relationship between the serum copper and zinc and the activities of the serum enzymes copper exidase-caeruloplasmin and alkaline phosphates in sheep infected with Schistosoma bovis. World Rev. of Anim. Prod. Vol. 20(2): 33-37, 1984.

  12.  Gameel, A.A. and Haroun, E.M. The economic impact of parasitic diseases of livestock in the Sudan with special reference to fascioliasis and schistosomiasis (in Arabia). Proceedings of the  11th Conference of the Sudan Veterinary Association, Kassala Town, Sudan, 3-5 April, 1984, pp. 2521-286, 1984.

  13.  Mahmoud, O.M. and Gameel, A.A. Disease problems arising from trace element imbalance in sheep breeding farms in Khartoum Province, Sudan (In Arabic). Symposium on “Animal Production Traits in the Arab World”, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 10-14 Nov. 1984, pp. 84-97, 1984.

  14. Abu Samra, M.T., Aziz, M.A. and Gameel, A.A. Fibroma of the vagina in a goat; case report. Acta Veterinaria (Beograd), 35, 367-371, 1984.

     Osman, A.A., Gameel, A.A., and Bushara, H.O. A note on the diagnosis of schistosomiasis in slaughtered sheep. Sudan J. of Vet. Sci. & Animal. Husb. 24(2): 127-132, 1984.

  15. Hassan, S. M. and Osman, A. M. (1984). Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases and Animal Wealth Development in the Sudan. The 11th Veterinary Conference of Animal Wealth in Eastern Sudan, Kassala. Part 1. 165 – 168. (In Arabic).

  16. Abdalla, H.S. (1984).  مرض الجفار في شرق السودان، المؤتمر البيطري الحادي عشر “Gufar (trypanosomiasis) in eastern Sudan. The 11th Animal Resources Development Conference, Kassala, 1984).”

  17. Saad.A.M.,Hussein.M.F.,Bushara.H.O.,Dargie.J.D.,andTaylor.M.G.,(1984) Erythrokinetics and Albumin Metabolism in Primary Experimental Schistosoma bovis Infection in Zebu Calves, J Comp Path  94 :249-262.

  18. Saad.A.M.,Hussein.M.F.,DargieJ.D.,andTaylor.M.G.,(1984)The Pathogenesis of Experimental Schistosoma bovis Infections in Sudanese Sheep and Goats,J.Comp Path 94 :371-385.

  19. Saad .A.M., and Hussein .M.F.,(1984) Observations on the Infectivity and Fecundity of a Sudanese Isolate of Schistosoma bovis in Albino Mice. J.Helminth 58 :267-270.

  20.   Saad .A.M., (1984) Application of Radioisotopes in Study of Animal Diseases,J Albuhuth  2: 56-70.

  21.  Ali,B.H., HASSAN ,T. ( 1984 ) . Preliminary pharmacokinetic study of isometamium chloride in camels , Res. Vet. Sci. 37 , 376 – 377.52-             

  22. Ali,B.H., HASSAN ,T. and N. Musa ( 1984 ) . The effect of feed restriction on certain haematological indices, enzymes and metabolites in Nubian goats. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. ( part A ) , 27, 325 – 328.53-             

  23. Ali,B.H., HASSAN ,T. I. A. Wasfi and A. L. Mustafa ( 1984 ). The toxicity of furazolidone to Nubian goats. Vet. Human Toxicol. , 26, 197 – 200.

  1. Nicander, L, L,ploan & D.I.osman & H.P.bugge & K.N.visgard 1983. Early effects of efferent ductile ligation on the proximal segment of the rat epididymis . international journal of andrology 6,91-102.
  2. Taha, AAM, Abdel-Magied,EM,  and King, AS (1983).  Ultrastructure of aorta and pulmonary baroreceptors in the domestic fowl.  Journal of Anatomy, 137, 197-207.
  3. Taha, AAM  and King, AS (1983).  Autoradiographic observations on the innervation of the carotid body of the domestic fowl.  Brain Research, 266, 193-201.
  4. Taha, AAM  and King, AS (1983).  Aortico-pulmonary bodies in the domestic fowl:  ultrastructure, innervation, and secretion.  Journal of Anatomy, 149, 41-53.
  5. Ramos, A. S. & Tingari, M.D. (1983). Morphology of the camel testis in relation to reproductive activity. Annual meeting of the American Association of Anatomists, Emory University, Atlanta, Geeogrgia, U. S. A., April 1983. Anatomical Record.
  6. Ramos, A. S. & Tingari, M.D. (1983 b). Ultrastructural features of the camel testis in relation to reproductive activity. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Veterinary Anatomical, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. A., U. S. A., July.
  7. El Hassan, S. M. and Harbi, M. S. M. A.  (1983). Clinical and pathological features of spontaneous Contagious agalactia of goats in the Sudan.  Sudan J. Vet. Res. 5: 99 – 104.
  8. Bushara, H.O. Gameel, A.A., Majid, B.Y.A., Kitma, I., Haroun, E.M., Karib,E.A., Hussein, M.F. and Taylor, M.C. Observations on cattle schistosomiasis in the Sudan, a study in comparative Medicine. VI. Demonstration of resistance to Schistosoma bovis  challenge after a single exposure to normal cercariae or to transplanted adult worms. Am. Jr. Trop. Med. & Hyg. 32, 1375-1380, 1983.

  9.  Haroun, E.M., Abdel Gadir, H., and Gameel, A.A. Ovine fascioliasis in the Sudan. Joint IFS/ILC/Workshop on small ruminant research in the tropics, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 24-29 October, 1983. IFS Provisional Report No. 14, 285-294, 1983

  10. Kreier, J.P., Abdalla, H.S. and Olivera, M.R. (1983). An evaluation of various rodent-Babesia systems for immunization against babesosis. Rev. Cien. Bioomed, 4: 19-28.
  11. Kheir, S.M. and Abdalla, H.S. (1983). Sensitivity of Trypanosoma evansi strains to trypanocidal drugs. Sudan. J. V. Vet. Res., 5: 150-152.
  12. Atta El Mannan, A.M., Abdalla, H.S. and Badawi, E.S. (1983). Oesophagostomum columbianum in sheep in Sennar District, Middle Region, Sudan J. Vet. Res., 8: 157-158.
  13. Abdalla, H.S. (1983). The situation of animal and human trypanosomiasis in the Sudan. IV International Conference. Brazzaville, Congo.
  14. Karrar A.E., Hughes, J.H. and Heuschele, W.P (1983). Kinetics of RNA Synthesis or Cytopathogenic and non-Cytopathogenic Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus Strains. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research. 5:58-64.

  1. Taha, AAM (1982).  Baroreceptors in the pulmonary trunk of the domestic fowl.  Journal of Anatomy, 134, 596-597.
  2. Abdel-Magied,EM, Taha, AAM, and King, AS (1982).  An ultrastructural investigation of a baroreceptor zone in the common carotid artery of the domestic fowl.  Journal of Anatomy, 135, 463-475.
  3. El Sanusi  ,S.M., A.E. El Nagi and  A.A. Ibrahim 1982. The effect of pH production medium on growth, flagellation and antigenicity of clostridium chauvei. Bull. Anim. prod. Afr. 30; 305-307.

  4. Das, P .K. ,A.A. Ibrahim. F. Binkhysen, P.T. Hue, R. Bangarangan and  E.J. Ruitenberg 1982.  The use of subcellular component of BCG for  studying host-mycobacterium interaction in relation to leprosy.  Ann.  Immunol. (inst. Pasteur) 133d: 41-59.

  5. El Hassan, S. M., El Nasri, M. and El Mahi, M. (1982).  Isolation of mycoplasmas from the genital tract of cattle in  the Sudan. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. and Anim. Husb., 23: 83 – 87.

  6.  El Hassan,  S.M.,  El Nasri,  M. and El Mahi, M. (1982). Isolation of mycoplasmas from the respiratory tract of cattle in the Sudan. Proceedings of the 3rd Pan African Veterinary Congress, Khartoum, 23rd – 29th October, 1982.   pp 286 – 291.

  7. Gameel, A.A. Plasma ascorbic acid levels in sheep experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica; Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 66, 321-326, 1982.

  8.  Gameel, A.A. Fasciola hepatica: Plasma ascorbic acid, plasma iron and iron binding capacity in experimentally infected sheep. Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde, 68, 185, 0-189, 1982.

  9.  Gameel, A.A. Tissue ascorbic acid concentrations in rats experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatic, Zeitschrift fur Paraasitenkunde, 68, 181-184, 1982.

  10.  Gameel, A.A., Krishna, L., Feliner-Feldegg, H. and Frank, A. Investigation of pathological synergistic affects of environ-mental toxins. Eleventh FAO/SIDA International Postgraduate course in Veterinary Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden, Vol. X, 1-20, 1982.

  11.  International Postgraduate course in Veterinary Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden, Vol. II, 1-7, 1982.

  12.  Gameel, A.A. Photosensitization. 11th FAO/SIDA International Postgraduate course in Veterinary Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden, Vol. III, 1-8, 1982.

  13.  Gameel, A.A. Antibiotics and Bacterial antibiotic resistance. 11th FAO/SIDA International Postgraduate course in Veterinary Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden, Vol. VI, 1-15, 1982.

  14.  Gameel, A.A. The Pathology of animal trypanosomiasis.  11th FAO/SIDA International Postgraduate course in Veterinary Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden, Vol. IX, 1-24, 1982

  15. Latif, A. A. and Shawgi, M. H. (1982). Calf mortality in Nesheishiba Dairy Farm. In: Pan African Veterinary Congress Proceedings, Khartoum, Sudan, 2 – 7 October 1982. (eds. A. M. Shommein and A. Wahbi), pp. 170-175.
  16. Elamin, E. A., Homeida, A. M., Adam, S. E. I., and Mahmoud, M. M. (1982). The efficacy of Berenil (Diminazene aceturate) on Trypanosoma evansi infection in mice. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 5 : 259 – 265.
  17. Osman, O.M., Hussein, A.M., Neima, A. and Abdalla, H.S. (1982). Ecological studies on the ticks (Acarina ioxdidae) of Kordofan Region, Sudan, Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Africa. 30:   43-45.
  18. HASSAN ,T. (1982) . Pharmacology of the alimentary tract of the domestic fowl, a review . Sud. J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Husb. 23, 142 – 149.

  1.  Osman, D.I. 1981 morphological signs of merocrine secretion in the modified sertoli cells of the domestic fowl (gallus domestic) journal of reproduction and fertility , 61. 75-78.

  2. Hagenas , L, L.ploan, H.ekwall , D.I.osman & M.retzin 1981.differentiation of the seminiferous tubules between 13 and 19 days of age in rat. International journal of andrology . 14, 257-264.Taha, AAM (1981).  Autoradiograhphic labeling of afferent axons in the carotid body of Gallus domesticus. ZBI. Vet. Med. C. anat. Histol., 9, p. 370.

  3. Taha, AAM (1981).  Granular cells of pulmonary arteries of Gallus.  Journal of Anatomy, 132, 464-465.

  4. Taha, AAM (1981).  Aortic bodies in the domestic fowl.  Journal of Anatomy, 133, 153.

  5. Taha, AAM (1981).  Autoradiographic evidence for afferent innervation of the carotid body in Gallus domesticus.  Journal of Anatomy, 133, 134.

  6. Taha, AAM (1981).  Functional Anatomy of Axons and Granular Cells of the Carotid Body, Aorta, and Pulmonary Arteries of the Domestic Fowl.  Ph.D. thesis, University of Liverpool.

  7. Tingari, M.D. & Rahma, B. A. (1981). Morphological and histological changes in the camel poll glands as related to reproductive activity. Sixth European Anatomical Congress. Acta. Anta. 111, 151 – 152.

  8. Shigidi, M.T.A. and Mamoun, I.E. (1981).  The incidence and serotypes of group B-streptococci in dairy cattle.  Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 29, 79-83

  9.  Shigidi, M.T.A. and Mamoun, I.E. (1981).  Isolation of Nocardia asteroids from cattle with mastitis in the Sudan.  Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 29, 75-78.

  10. Abdelatif , A. M. (1981). The  heat and water balance of goats at high environmental temperature . In : Environmental Aspects of Housing for Animal Production . (Ed.  J. A. Clark). Butterworths , London .
  11. Gameel, A.A. A clinico-pathological investigation on primary and challenge Fasciola hepatica infections in sheep. Sudan J. Vet. Res. 3, 67-76, 1981.
  12.  Gameel, A.A.  and Evans, I.A. Fasciola hepatica: Phagocytic and microbicidal activities of polymorphonuclear leucocytes of experimentally infected guinea pigs. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. & Anim. Husb. 22(1), 19-28, 1981.

  13. Morzaria, S. P.; Hassan, Um El; Shawgi M. H.; Pedersen V. and Osman, A. M. (1981). Isolation, identification and transmission of Theileria mutans in Northern Sudan. In: Advances in Control of Theileriosis. (Eds. A. D. Irvin; M. P. Cunningham and A. S. Young), pp. 166-169. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  14. Homeida, A. M., Elamin, E. A., Adam, S. E. I., and         Mahmoud, M. M. (1981). Toxicity of Diminazene aceturate (Berenil®) to camels. Journal of Comparative Pathology  21: 355 – 360. 

  15. Boid, R., Elamin, E. A., Mahmould, M. M. and Luckins, A. G. (1981). Trypanosoma evansi infection and antibodies in goats, sheep and camels in the Sudan. Tropical Animal Health and Production 13 : 141 – 146.

  16. Homeida, A. M., Elamin, E. A., Adam, S. E. I., and Mahmoud, M. M. (1981). The effect of Samorin (Isometamedium chloride) on Trypanosoma evansi infection in mice. British Journal of Experimental Pathology 61 : 380 – 389.

  17. A/Gadir, F., Osan, O.M., Abdalla, H.S. and A/Razig, M.R. (1981). Ethidium bromide-resistant trypanosomes in Southern Darfur, Sudan. J. Vet. Res., 3: 63-65.

  18. Abdalla, H.S. (1981). Parasitic diseases in Sudan with emphasis on Trypanosomiasis, Protozoology Conference, Tropical Medicine Institute, Antwerp, Belgium.

  1. Osman, D.I, H.ekwall & L.ploan 1980 specialized cell contacts and the blood-testis barrier in the eminiferous tubules of the domestic fowl (gallus domestic) internal journal of andrology 3,553-562.
  2. Nicander, L,L,ploan & D,I,osman 1980. Epithelial degeneration in the epididymal head after efferent duct ligation in rats, rabbits and bulls. Annual conference of the society of study of fertility oxford,p.59.
  3. Taha, AAM and Abdalla, AB (1980).  Light and electron microscopy of the sweat glands of  the dromedary camel.  Acta Vet. Brno. 48,31-35.
  4. Taha, AAM and Abdalla, AB (1980).  Observations on the structure of the poll glands of the dromedary.  Acta Veterinaria, 5-8, 247-252.
  5. Omer, E.E., S.M., El Sanousi and A.A. Ibrahim 1980.Tuberculin  sensitivity in Sudanese population in contact with cattle. Bull.  Anim.Hlth  .prod.  Afr. 28; 91-96.
  6. Tingari, M.D. & Moniem, K.A. (1980). Seasonal changes in the fine structure of testicular interstitial cells of the camel. Xl International Congress of Anatomy, Mexico, 47-48.
  7. Moniem K.A. Tingari, M.D., And Munzel, E. (1980). The fine structure of the boundary tissue of the seminiferous tubule of the camel (Camelus dromedaries). Acta. Anat. 109 – 176.
  8. Shigidi, M.T.A. Mirghani, T. and Musa, T.M. (1980).  Characterization of Nocardia farcinica isolated from cattle with bovine farcy.  Research in Veterinary Science 28, 207-211.

  9. Shigidi, M.T.A. and Mustafa, A.A. (1980). Serological relationship between strains of Pasteurella multocida.  Cornell Veterinarian 70, 27-36

  10. Elamin, E. A. (1980). “Studies on Some   Trypanocidal Drugs”. M.V.Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan,  183 pp.
  11. Saad., A.M.,(1980) The Pathogenesis of Schistosoma bovis Infections in Zebu Calves .Sudan Medical Bulletin .(4) 38-39, 
  12. Saad.,A.M., Hussein.M.F.,Dargie J.D.,Yaylor M.G.,and Nelson G.S.,(1980) Schistosomabovis in Calves, Part (1)The Development and Clinical Pathology of  Primary Infection; Res in Vet Sc  28:105-111.
  13. Bushara H.O., Majid A.A.,Saad, A.M., Hussein.M.F.,Yaylor M.G.,Dargie J.D.,Marshal .T.F.,and Nelson G.S.,(1980) Observation on Cattle Schistsomiasis in the Sudan: A Study  in Comparative Medicine  Part (11),Experimental Demonstration on Naturally Acquired Resistance to Schistosoma bovis .,American J .Trop.Med.Hyg 26: 442-451.
  14.  Bushara .H.O.,Majid .A.A.,Saad.A.M.,Hussein .M.F.,Taylor.M.G., Dargie .J.D., Marshal.T.F., and Nelson .G.S., (1980) Observation on Cattle Schistosomiasis in the Sudan : A Study in Comparative Medicine Part (111) Field Testing of an Irradiated Schistosoma bovis Vaccine.American .J.Trop. Med. Hyg 29:452-456.
  15. HASSAN ,T. ( 1980 ). Socio – economic development and some environmental problems . Summary of a working paper. World Federation of United Nations Bulletine, Af. RC 3/Report (A).

  16. Eisa, M., Karrar A.E. and Abdel Rahim, A.H. (1980). Probable Occurrence of Infection due to Adenoviruses and Parainfluensa-3 virus in Residents of Khartoum Province in the Sudan. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 74(3). 252-263.

  17. Eisa, M., Osman M.O., Karrar A.E. and Abdel Rahim, A.H. (1980). An Outbreak of Bluetongue Virus in Sheep in the Sudan.The Vet. Record 106 (23) 481-482.

  1. Osman, D.I, K.A moniem & M.D. tingari 1979 , histological observations on the testis of the camel, with special emphasis on spermatogenesis. Acta anatomica, 04,164-171.
  2. Osman, D.I. 1979. A comparative ultrastructural study on typical and modified sertoli cells before and after ligation of the efferent ductules in the rabbit. Zentralblatt for veterinarmedizing anatomie, histology and embryology , 8,114-123.
  3. Osman, D.I, L.pleon & L.hagenas 1979. On the postnatal development of the terminal segment of the seminiferoustubules in normal and germ cell depleted rat testis. International journal of ndrology,2,419-431
  4. Osman, D.I. & L.ploan 1979. Fine structure of the modified sertoli cells in the terminal segment of the seminferous tubules of the bull, ran, and goat. Animal reproduction science, 2,343-351.
  5. Shigidi, M.T.A. and Mustafa, A.A. (1979).  Biochemical and serological studies on Pasteurella multocida isolated from cattle in the Sudan.  Cornell Veterinarian 69, 77-84.
  6. Gameel, A.A. Biochemical aspects of fascioliasis in domestic and experimental animals, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wales (UK), 1979
  7. Abdalla, H.S. and Kreier, J.P. (1979). Immunization against rodent babesiosis. The Conference of Research Workers on Animal Diseases (CRWAD), Chicago, USA.
  8. Eisa, M., Karrar A.E. and Abdel Rahim, A.H.(1979). The Occurrence of Antibodies to Parainfluensa Virus in Sera of Some Domestic Animals of the Sudan. British Veterinary Journal. 135:192 – 197.
  9. Eisa, M., Karrar A.E. and Abdel Rahim, A.H. (1979). Incidence of Bluentongue Virus Precipitating Antibodies in Sera of Some Domestic Animals in the Sudan. Journal of Hygiene, Cambridge.83: 539 – 545.
  1. Osman, D.I. & L.ploen 1978 the ultrastructure of sertoli sells in the boer. International journal of andrology, 1,162-179.
  2. Osman, D.I. 1978 on the ultrastructure modified sertoli cells in the terminal segment of the seminiferous tubules in the boar journal of anatomy 127, 603-613.
  3. Osman, D.I. & L.ploan 1978 the terminal segment of seminiferous tubules and the blood testis barrier before and after efferent ductile ligation in the rat. International journal of androkogy I,235-245.
  4. Osman, D.I , & L.ploan 1978 the mammalian tubuli recti : ultrastructural study. Anatomical record, 192, 1-18.
  5. Osman, D.I.1978 the ultrastrucutre of the rete testis and its permeability barrier before and after efferent ductile ligation. International journal of ndrology, 1,357-370.
  6. Osman, D.I, 1978 on the morphology of the non-germinal cells of the mammalian intratesticulr tubular system. Akadamisk avhandling Uppsala 1-120.
  7. Osman, D.I 1978 the terminal segment of theseminifours tubules in the rat. Journal of ultrastructure research, 63, 96-97. (abstract)
  8. Osman, D.I 1978 the blood-testis barrier of the intra testicular excurrent ducts as judged by lanthanum tracer technique before and after efferent ductule ligation in the rat. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Scandinavian society for electron microscopy scandm-78.(abstract).
  9. Osman, D.I. Moniem, K.A. and Tingari, M.D. (1978). Studies on the testis of the camel 111. Hestochemical observations. Histochem. J. 8, 579-590.
  10. Ali, H.A., Tingari, M.D. and Moniem, K.A. (1978). On the morphology of the accessory male glands and histochemistry of the umpulla ductusdeferentis of the camil (Camelus dromedarius). J. Ant. 125, 277-292.
  11. Shigidi, M.T.A. (1978).  An indirect haemgglutination test for the serodiagnosis of Corynebacterium ovis infection in sheep.  Research in Veterianry Science 24, 56-60.

  12. Mustafa, A.A., Ghalib, H.W. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (1978).  Carrier rate of Pasteurella multocida in a cattle herd associated with an outbreak of haemorrhagic septicaemia in the Sudan. British Veterinary Journal 134, 375-378
  13. محمد طه عبد الله شقدى ومدثر الدرديرى التنقارى (1998):  التعليم الزراعى العالى: العلوم البيطرية – ورشة عمل حول حاضر ومستقبل التعليم الزراعى العالى- الخرطوم  قاعة الشارقة- السودان.

    محمد طه شقدى،أحمد على إسماعيل ، عبد الله مكى عثمان وأنس محمد عثمان (1998) التعليم التقنى فى العلوم البيطرية.  ورشة عمل حول حاضر ومستقبل التعليم التقنى الزراعى فى السودان. الخرطوم السودان

  14. محمد طه شقدى، إبراهيم الأمين حجر وأحمد على إسماعيل (1998) التخصص فى العلوم البيطرية فى مرحلتى البكالوريوس والدراسات العليا.  المؤتمر العربى البيطرى الثامن. الخرطوم – السواان.
  15. Salih, O, Shigidi, M.T., Mohamed, H.O. Mac Doungh, and chang, Y. (1998).  The bacterial causes of camel-calf (Camelus dromedaries) diarrhea in Eastern Sudan.  Proc.  Intel.  Meeting on Camel Production and Future Perspectives My 2-3 Fac. Agric. Sci. Al Ain. UAE
  16. Salih, O., Mohammed H. O. and Shigidi, M. T. (1998). The epidemiological factors associated with camel calf diarrhea in Eatern Sudan. Proc. Intl. Meeting on Camel Production and Future Perpectives, My 2-3 Fac. Agric. Sci. Al Ain. UAE.
  17.  El Badawi S. M., Adam, S. E. I., Shigidi, M.T. & Hapke, H. J. (1998): Studies or lactiferous plants: Toxic effects in goats of Calotropis procerce latex given by different routes of administration. Dtsch. Tierarztl wschr. 105, 425-427.

  18. Abdalla, H.S., Ussien, H.S. and Kreier, J.P. (1978). Babesia rodhaini: Passive protection of mice with immune serum. Tropenmed. Parasit. 29: 295-306.

  19. Bushara .H.O., Majid.A.A.,Saad.A.M., Hussein .M .F.,Taylor.M.G., Dargie.J .D., Marshal. T.F.,and Nelson.G.S.,

    (1978) .Immunization of Calves Against Schistosoma bovis Using irradiated Cercariae and  Schistosomula of  S .bovis,

    Parasitology  77 :303-311.

  1. Osman, D.I.K .A. moniem & M.D tingari 1976. Studies on the tests of the camel (camelus dromedarius) Histochemical observations . histochemical journal. 8,579-590.

  2. Ali, H.A., Moniem, K.A. and Tingari, M.D. (1976). Some histochemical studies on the prostate urethral and bulbourethral glandof the one – humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Hestochem. J. 8, 565-578.

  3. Gameel, A.A. Haematologial and plasma protein changes in Caprine Pleuropheumonia. Trop. Animal Hlth. & Prod., 8, 37, 1976.

  4.  Gameel, A.A. The effect of large oral vitamin D2 doses in cattle and it’s relevance to the pathogenesis of “Weidekrankheit”., Mohatschefte fur Veterinarmedizin, 31, 56-61, 1976.

  5. Abdalla, H.S. (1976). Parasitic diseases and animal husbandry in the Sudan. Preventive Medicine Department Seminar. The Ohio State University, USA.

  6. HASSAN ,T. and Osman ,O. H. (1976) Actions of morphine and sympathomimetic amines on chick isolated oesophagus . East. Afr. Med. J. , 53. 604 – 611

  1. Osman, D.I. 1975. On the morphology and histochemistry of the tests of the one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius) M.V.SC. thesis. University of Khartoum, 138 pages

  2. Hamad, A, Shigidi, M.T.A. and Sanousi, S. M. (1995): Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius of abscess disease.  Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 25, 31.
  3. Gameel, A.A. and Ali, B. Diseases affecting meat production in the Sudan. Read in the 27th Veterinary Conference of the Sudan Veterinary Association, Khartoum 14-17 February, 1975.
  4.  Hussein, M.F.; Ali, K.E.; Gameel, A.A. and Bushara, H.O. Some  aspects of helminthes immunity Sudan. J. of Vet. Sci. & Anim. Husb. 16(2), 58-66, 1975.

  5. Gobi, O. and Abdalla, H.S. (1975). Incidence of bovine cysticercosis at Omdurman slaughterhouse. Proceeding. VIISVA Conference. Meat industry in the Sudan. Present status and prospects, 2-11.
  6. Abdalla, H.S. (1975). The situation of parasitic diseases in the Sudan. Microbology Department Seminar. The Ohio State University, USA.
  1. Rothwell, B. & Tingari, M.D. (1974). The ultrastructural differentiation of the boundoury tissue of the seminiferous tuble in the testis of the domestic fowl. Brit. Vet. J, 130, 587-592.
  2. Shigidi, M.T.A. (1974).  Antigenic relationship of various isolates of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis.  Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa 22, 263-269

  3. Shigidi, M.T.A. (1974).  Animal leptospirosis in the Sudan.  British Veterianry Journal 130, 528-531.
  4. Hussein H. M. and Shigidi, M.T.A. (1974).  Isolation of Sphaerophorus necrophorus from bovine liver abscesses in the Sudan.  Tropical Animal Health and Production 6, 153-254.
  5. Gameel,A.A. A clinico-pathological investigation on spontane-ous caseous lymphadenitis and oesophagostomiasis in Sudanese sheep, Sudan J. Vet. Sci. & Anim. Husb. 15(1): 18-28, 1974.
  6.  Gameel, A.A. A clinico-pathological study on naturally occurring Schistosoma bovis infection in Sudanese sheep. Acta Vet. (Beograd), 24, 277-285. 1974.

  7. Gameel, A.A. and Tartour, G.A. Haematological and plasma protein changes in sheep experimentally infected with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis . J. Comp. Path., 84, 477-484, 1974.
  8. Elbahari, S.M., A/Gadir, F.A. and Suliman, H. (1974). Incidence and behavior of microfilariae in cattle. Sud. J. Vet. Sci. and animl Husb. 15: 82-85.
  1. Tingari, M.D. (1973a) Histochemical localization of ? ? 3B – and hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases in the male reproductive tract of the domestic fowl (Gallus domestic) Histochem .J. ,75-65

  2. Tingari, M.D. (1973b) – Observations on the fine structure of spermatozoa in the testis and excurrent ducts of the male fowl (Gallus domestic) .J. Reprod .Fert. 34,255-256.

  3. Tingari, M.D. & lake, P.E. (1973) Ultrastructure studies on the uterovaginal spermhost glands of the domestic .J. Reprod Fert. 34,423-431.

  4. Rothwell, B. & Tingari, M.D. (1973 a). The ultrastructure of the boundry tissue of the seminiferous tubule in the testis of the domestic fowl. J. Anat 114,321-328.

  5. A. (1973).  Salmonella wein and Salmonella muenchen infection in fowls in the Sudan.  Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa 21, 159-161.

  6. Shigidi, M.T.A. (1973).  Aerobic microflora of respiratory tract of camels.  Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 14, 9-14.
  7. Shigidi, M.T.A. and Razig, S. A. (1973).  Isolation of Brucella abortus from a knee hygroma in a bull.  Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 14, 33-35
  8. Abdalla, H.S. (1973). Disease survey and Ethidium bromide compaing in eastern Kordofan.

     

  1. Tingari, M. D. (1972). The fine structure of the epithelial lining of the excurrent duct system of the domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus). Q JI, Exp. Physiol, 57, 271 – 296.

  2. Tingari, M. D. & Lake, P. E. (1972 a). The intrinsic innervations of the reproductive tract of the male fowl (Gallus domesticus). A histochemical and fine structural study.

  3. Tingari, M. D. & Lake, P. E. (1972 b). Histochemical localization of glycogen, mucopolysaccharides, lipids, some oxidative enzymes and cholinesterases in the reproductive tract of the male fowl (Gallus domesticus) J. Anat. 112, 273 – 287.

  4. Tingari, M.D. & lake P.E. (1972c). Ultrastructural evidence for resporption of spermatozoa and teticular fluid in the excurrent ducts of the testis of the domestic fowl       .J.    Reprod     .Fert. 31.273-281. 

  5. Osman, M., A/Gadir, F., Saad, M. Suliman, H., Haroun, T., Bashar, E. Osman, A., A/Farag, T., Daldoum, O. and Ibrahim, H. (1972). Ethidium bromide campaign southern Darfor phase (1971-1972) First Report.
  6. Osman, M., A/Gadir, F., Saad, M. Suliman, H., Haroun, T., Bashar, E. Osman, A., A/Farag, T., Daldoum, O. and Ibrahim, H. (1972). Ethidium bromide campaign southern Darfor phase (1971-1972) Second Report
  1. Tingari M.D. (1971 a), On the structure of the epididymal region and ductus deferens of the domestical fowl (Gallus domesticus). J. Anat. 109, 423-435.
  2. Tingari, M. D. (1971 b). The fine structure of basal cells I the reproductive tract of the domestic fowl. J. Anat. 110, 169 – 197.
  3. Tingari, M. D. & Lake, P. E. (1971). Uptake of spermatozoa by the ductuli efferentes after ligation of the ductus deferens of the domestic fowl. J. Anat. 109, 353 – 354.
  4.  Bartlet, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1971) . Contraction of chicken rectum to nerve stimulation after blockade of sympathetic transmission. Q. J. Exp. Physiol. , 56, 178 – 183.

  1. Shigidi, M.T.A. (1969).  Hemophilus of bovine encephalitis. Dissertation. Abstracts International 4727-B.
  2. Shigidi, M.T.A. and Hoerlein, A.B. (1970) Characterization of the Haemophilus - like organism of infectious thromboembolic meningoecephalitis of cattle.  American Journal of Veterianry Research 31, 1017-1022.
  3.  Bartlet, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1970) . adrenoceprors of the chick rectum .J. Pharmacol . , 39, 817 – 821.

  4.  Bartlet, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1969) Types of adrenergic receptors in chick rectum and guinea pig colon . In Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Pharmacology.

  5. Bartled, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1969) . A nerve – blocking action of MJ- 1999. J. Pharmacol. , 36, 176p.

  6.  HASSAN, T. (1969). A hysocine-resistant contraction of isolated chicken oesophagus in response to stimulation of parasympathetic nerves , J. Pharmacol. , 36, 268 – 275.

  7. HASSAN, T. (1968). A hysocine-resistant contraction of the chicken isolated oesophagus to stimulation of the vagus and descending oesophageal nerves . J. Pharmacol. , 34, 205p.

  8. Bartlet, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1968). The action of physostigmine and the distribution of cholinesterases in the chicken oesophagus . J. Pharmacol . , 33. 531 – 536.

  9.  Bartlet, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1968). The action of histamine and 5 – hydroxytryptamine on isolated chicken oesophagus . J. Pharmacol. , 32, 156 – 163.

  10. HASSAN ,T. (1967). Effects of stimulation of the cervical vagus and descending oesophageal nerves on the alimentary tract of the domestic fowl . Zbi. Vet. Med. , A. 14, 854 – 861.

  11. Bartlet, A. L. and HASSAN ,T. (1966). The action of histamine on isolated chicken oesophagus . J. physiol. 185, 69p.

  12. Ph.D. Thesis entitled “A study of the pharmacology of the alimentary tract of the domestic fowl”. Edinburgh University, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, April 1969.

  13. M.Sc. Thesis entitled “A pharmacological study of the alimentary tract of fowl”. Edinburgh University, April 1966.